International Symposium on Industrial Electronics 

5-8 July 2009           Access to the IES Annual Conference on IEEE XPLORE     IE Society Home Page




1    K. Kurohane, T. Senjyu, Y. Yonaha, A. Yona, T. Funabashi, Chul-Hwan Kim, "A distributed DC power system in an isolated island ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1 - 6 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper deals with a DC-micro grid in an isolated island. The proposed method is composed of gearless wind power generation system, battery, and DC loads in DC distribution system. The battery can avoid DC over-voltages by absorbing the PMSG power during line-fault. In addition, the control schemes in this paper include the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control and a pitch angle control for the gearless wind turbine generator. By means of the proposed method, high-reliable power can be supplied to DC distribution system during line-fault, and stable power supply from PMSG to the electrical power system after line-fault clearing can be achieved. The effectiveness of the proposed method is performed in a MATLAB/Simulink Rreg environment.

2    A. Moreno-Munoz, J.J.G. de la Rosa, M.A. Lopez, A.R. Gil de Castro, "Distributed resources standards: The case of Spain ," ISIE 2009, pp. 7 - 11 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Existing distribution networks have not been designed to accept extensive distributed generation (DG). The actual paradigm may change in the near future impelled by a worldwide increasing of DG penetration in distribution grids. This paper presents the status and content of DG Spanish legislation. Fundamental considerations are first discussed, exclusively regarding the grid-interconnection requirement. This paper also analyses the relationship between that guidelines and recognized international standard in a systematic way. Major requirements areas include general specifications, safety and protection strategies, and power quality requirements. Interconnecting DER with the electric power system is traditionally a complicated process that can be facilitated by improving international harmonization.

3    T. Laakkonen, J. Luukko, J. Ahola, P. Silventoinen, "Analysis of time-stamping-based synchronization of a PEBB system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 12 - 17 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In the last few years, the design of power electronics systems has been towards modularity. The focus has been on finding solutions for integration of distributed power electronics systems. Distributed systems set new requirements for control systems compared with the traditional centralized solutions. Using intelligent power electronics building blocks as a basis for power electronics systems results in reduced cost, easier reconfiguration, and improved reliability. A cascaded ring topology has become a prominent control solution. In many applications, accurate synchronization of the building blocks is of crucial importance; it is therefore essential to understand the factors that affect the synchronization accuracy. This paper addresses ring topology synchronization methods and the factors that define the overall synchronization accuracy. A new time-stamping-based synchronization method is presented, and its accuracy and jitter behavior are analyzed. Experimental results of synchronization jitter of the proposed method are presented.

4    A. Dwivedi, Xinghuo Yu, P. Sokolowski, "Identifying vulnerable lines in a power network using complex network theory ," ISIE 2009, pp. 18 - 23 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The latest developments in complex network theory have provided a new direction to power system research. Based on this theory a power system can be modelled as a graph with nodes and vertices and further analysis can help in identifying the important lines. This paper proposes a new betweenness index using the reactance of the transmission lines as the weight and criteria to measure of vulnerability of a power network. The reactance is a simplified measure of power flow in a lossless transmission line based on the power flow analysis equations. The weighted line index is defined as the reactance of the electric path taken to reach from one node to another node. More power is transmitted along the lines with less reactance, to reach from the source node to destination node, which gives the edges with less reactance a higher weight in the analysis. The analyzes have been carried out on the IEEE 39 bus system and IEEE 118 bus system. The new betweenness index can identify the critical lines of the system, either due to their position in the network or by the power they transmit along the network.

5    Minh-Khai Nguyen, Young-Gook Jung, Young-Cheol Lim, "Single-phase Z-source voltage sag/swell compensator ," ISIE 2009, pp. 24 - 28 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper deals with a new topology based on single-phase Z-source AC/AC converter for voltage swells or sags compensation. The proposed system is able to compensate voltage swells. In addition, it is also able to compensate up to over 50% voltage sag. A commutation strategy to drive the AC/AC converter is employed to realize snubberless operation. Analysis is presented; Simulation and experimental results at 20% voltage swell and 60% voltage sag are shown.

6    T. Govindaraj, D. Chatterjee, A.K. Ganguli, "Development, Analysis and Control of an axial flux Permanent Magnet Linear Oscillating Motor suitable for short strokes ," ISIE 2009, pp. 29 - 34 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Development, analysis and control of an axial flux permanent magnet linear oscillating motor (PMLOM) along with a suitable speed and thrust control technique is described in this paper. Also its performance parameters, such as the force, current, efficiency, power factor etc. are experimentally assessed. The objective of this paper is to determine the forces for aluminium mover embedded with the rare earth permanent magnet experimentally and analytically through FEM software and develop a low cost solution for its control.

7    S. Jamali, A. Kazemi, H. Shateri, "Distance relay mal-operation due to TCSC presence at near end of second circuit of double circuit line in inter phase faults ," ISIE 2009, pp. 35 - 40 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper discusses the distance relay mal-operation in the case of installation of thyristor controlled series compensator (TCSC), one of the series connected flexible alternating current transmission system (FACTS) devices, on the second circuit of a double circuit transmission line, for inter phase, phase to phase and three phase, faults. This is done by means of presenting the measured impedance at the relaying point in the case of TCSC presence at the near end of the second circuit. The measured impedance at the relaying point is greatly influenced in the presence of TCSC on the line or even in the case of installing TCSC on the near end of the second circuit. The measured impedance depends on many factors including the power system structural conditions, pre-fault loading, fault resistance, and TCSC compensation degree.

8    A. Kazemi, S. Jamali, H. Shateri, "Distance relay ideal tripping characteristic for inter phase faults in presence of UPFC on next line ," ISIE 2009, pp. 41 - 46 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper discusses the distance relay ideal tripping characteristic in the presence of unified power flow controller (UPFC), one of flexible alternating current transmission system (FACTS) devices, on the next line, in the case of inter phase, phase to phase and three phase, faults. Especial attention is paid to the over-reaching problem. This is done by presenting the measured impedance at the relaying point in the presence of UPFC at the near end of the next line. The measured impedance at the relaying point is greatly influenced in the presence of UPFC on the protected line or even on the near end of the next line. The measured impedance at relating point depends on many factors including the power system structural conditions, pre-fault loading, fault resistance, and UPFC structural and controlling parameters.

9    C.A. Belhadj, "Simulation and implementation of soft-started residential air conditioner ," ISIE 2009, pp. 47 - 52 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this work, we address the experimental evaluation of different soft-starting time-based strategies efficiency in reducing the dip in voltage and the inrush current of a window type residential AC unit line. The soft-starter is based on power electronic devices controlled through a firing signal generated by a programmed microcontroller during the first 500 ms. Direct and soft starting simulations and experimental tests were conducted for a single phase induction motor (SPIM) driven window type air conditioning unit. The soft starting technique applied for several starting firing angles and time constant profile scenarios has reached substantial reduction in the starting inrush current and very reasonable improvement in the voltage dip level.

10    P. Navaratana, S. Naetiladdanon, A. Sangswang, "Automatic fluorescent lamp detection for electronic ballasts based on operating frequency and phase shift compensation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 53 - 58 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Generally, an electronic ballast drives a fluorescent lamp at fixed operating frequency or by regulating the lamp current. Such methods can be used for the designed lamp type and power rating. This paper presents an automatic fluorescent lamp detection for electronic ballasts based on operating frequency and phase shift compensation. The classification of lamp power rating is based on the possibility weight distribution of the lamp operating frequency. Moreover, the phase shift compensation is also included in the detection algorithm in order to address the variations of the resonant circuit parameters. The results from simulation and experiment verify that an electronic ballast with the proposed detection algorithm can automatically detect and drive the fluorescent lamp at the correct lamp power rating.

11    M.S. Perdigao, J.M. Alonso, D. Gacio, E.S. Saraiva, "Magnetically-controlled electronic ballasts with isolated output: The variable transformer solution ," ISIE 2009, pp. 59 - 64 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: New advances on magnetically-controlled electronic ballasts can grant the ability to dim the lamp and simultaneously guarantee output electrical isolation. By means of a variable transformer, whose model is presented, this new technique is developed and experimentally verified. In addition, a simple method for the large signal characterization of the transformer is described. A FH 14W/840 Osram lamp was chosen to validate this new technique and experimental results clearly show its adequate behaviour.

12    Jong-Ching Hwang, Jung-Chin Chen, Jeng-Shyang Pan, Yi-Chao Huang, "A SCADA system for on-line battery early faults precaution ," ISIE 2009, pp. 65 - 69 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: There have been many papers written about methods used to determine the health of batteries in critical standby applications. In this paper intends to produce a critical on-line analysis of trace resistance method and trace voltage method through the SCADA system application. Yet this management system can be proposed to find the early faults of the batteries. Results indicated that the SCADA system with online battery monitoring systems has been highly willing to manufacture industry in the UPS power management quality.

13    Lin Chen, Lei Liu, Fuyang Yang, Jianqiu Li, Minggao Ouyang, "Feedback control of fuel injection based on online valve closure point detection ," ISIE 2009, pp. 70 - 75 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: High speed solenoid valve is one of the key components in modern electronic controlled diesel fuel systems. Control quality of the fuel systems is greatly affected by unit to unit deviation of their electro-magnetic characteristics. Precise detection of the solenoid valve closure point is a feedback method to promote control quality by completing fuel injection control loop. Through mechanism modeling of the spill-valve solenoid used in electronic assemble fuel pump, the property of the valve closure point is analyzed, and its detection method and electric driving logic are proposed. Subsequently, a fuel injection feedback control algorithm is implemented in mass-production engine control unit. Fuel bench tests show that, the valve closure point can be precisely recognized by the detection method, and in cooperation with the feedback control algorithm, cylinder to cylinder unevenness of the fuel injection quantities can be reduced, which consequently leads to the promotion of the control quality of the fuel injection system.

14    Shi Jianjiang, Wang Baochen, Lu xi, He Xiangning, "400aHz three-phase PWM rectifier based on vector control with zero static error compensation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 76 - 80 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a vector control strategy for the 400 Hz three-phase PWM rectifier with zero static error compensation is presented. With this control strategy, the static error problem of direct current control is solved well and the input fundamental currents in three-phase system are in phase with their respective line voltages. High power factor, low THD and fast dynamic response are achieved. At last, both Saber simulation results and experiment results verify the validity of the vector control method.

15    M. Jafar, M. Molinas, "Effects and mitigation of post-fault commutation failures in line-commutated HVDC transmission system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 81 - 85 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This work analyzes post-fault commutation failures and their effects in a thyristor based line commutated HVDC link. Simulation results of the example case available in PSCADreg reveal these failures. Two schemes have been suggested to mitigate these effects. Simulations of the suggested schemes show that these can swiftly and effectively control fault currents as well as post fault commutation failures.

16    Y.S. Park, T.D. Kirkham, P. Phaithoonbuathong, R. Harrison, "Implementing agile and collaborative automation using Web Service orchestration ," ISIE 2009, pp. 86 - 91 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Service oriented architecture (SOA) based on Web services is starting to be considered as the technology in the manufacturing environment that will enable an increase agile and collaborative manufacturing capabilities. This paper explores the application of SOA in shop floor automation using device profile for Web services (DPWS) which allows SOA on a device. In this research, orchestration framework has been introduced to effectively control SOA services on devices. The orchestrator has been further implemented and demonstrated on a prototype production test rig. The functionalities and implementation of the orchestrator has been discussed in detail in this paper.

17    A. Moreno-Muoz, J.M. Flores-Arias, A. Gil-de-Castro, J.J.G. de la Rosa, "Hypermedia graphic user interface integration in distribution management systems ," ISIE 2009, pp. 92 - 97 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Operators and management will need an increase amount of intelligent support from power system SCADA to cope with the retrieval, filtering and interpretation of the relevant data, prior to defining the multiprocess control tasks. Some examples of these tasks include optimal power flows, available transmission capacity, and transfer cost analyses. The management of the power grid data can be optimized by the hypermedia paradigm, which provides optimal support for many lifecycle phases of a system: commissioning, operator training, operation, and maintenance, to list a few. This paper focuses on the human computer interaction (HCI) issues and provides hypermedia user interface design guidelines for power applications.

18    A.T.S. Chan, Hong Va Leong, Shui Hong Kong, "Real-time tracking of hand gestures for interactive game design ," ISIE 2009, pp. 98 - 103 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: User interaction is an essential feature in the design of an interactive game. Most existing games receive inputs from users via conventional devices such as keyboard, mouse, joystick and paddle. More recent games make use of infrared beams from user's devices, the stylus from touch screen, or pressure-sensing pads to provide rich contextual sensing and interactions. In this paper, we propose the use of hand gestures as the basis for users to directly interact with game objects that are rendered across a flat plasma or LCD display. It forms a new paradigm of interaction in which the physical movements of hands in the form of hand gestures are coordinated along with the virtual objects in the game. Thus, the user effectively becomes an ldquoinput devicerdquo. We make use of a low-cost Web camera that is mounted over the gaming screen display to provide image-feed to the hand tracking and gesture recognition system, called Germane, which employs the hull-point analysis algorithm for gesture recognition. A working prototype of Germane has been developed to validate its operations on several common gestures. Performance evaluation results of Germane are also presented.

19    T. Pulkkinen, M. Sallinen, T. Heikkila, "Offline programming system for Isles of Automation - The flexible short series production platform ," ISIE 2009, pp. 104 - 109 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Short series manufacturing forces production lines towards flexibility and reconfigurability with quickening pace. As many small- and medium enterprises wrestle to be profitable, the solutions are searched from modern manufacturing technologies like robotics. Currently, there are no commercially feasible OEM product packets available and therefore a lot of integration and development work is required before a production line is effective. To create such production lines in the future, this paper introduces a production platform concept ldquoIsles of Automationrdquo, which can provide the services that current systems are lacking. The Isles of Automation have a modular and layered structure, so the integration work will be easier and the robot cell will be as effective as it can be. To evaluate the concept, an example manufacturing process was selected and automated. The implementation mainly targeted the programming of the robot tasks, which is considered to be one of the main challenges with short series manufacturing robots.

20    J. Kosakaya, N. Kodama, T. Ito, R. Kawamorita, "Multi-agent-based control technology with ITP method for remote control supervisory systems ," ISIE 2009, pp. 110 - 114 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Introducing multi-agent (MA) technology into a remote control supervisory (RCS) system can improve the serviceability and enhance maintenance-free operation with the inter-terminal parameter (ITP) method. In addition, the system's distributed intelligent field terminals (IFTs) use a common algorithm that is unaffected by any changes to the system specifications. As a result of these innovations, the proposed system has much better serviceability because it is much easier to make modifications compared to that of conventional systems. This system has been implemented for practical purposes at over 60 sites.

21    Tzu-Ping Kao, Che-Wei Lin, Jeen-Shing Wang, "Development of a portable activity detector for daily activity recognition ," ISIE 2009, pp. 115 - 120 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a portable device for real-time daily activity identification. The proposed portable device is realized by an embedded system that integrates a triaxial accelerometer, a microprocessor, and a wireless transceiver module. An online activity recognition algorithm has been developed for human daily activity recognition based on the acceleration signal collected from the triaxial accelerometer. The proposed algorithm is composed of data collection, data preprocessing, feature extraction, feature reduction, and classifier construction. Our experimental results have successfully validated the effectiveness of the portable activity detector in terms of high accuracy.

22    P. Kulha, A. Boura, M. Husak, A. Kromka, O. Babchenko, "Design and characterization of NCD piezoresistive strain sensor ," ISIE 2009, pp. 121 - 126 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Nanocrystalline Diamond (NCD) is a very promising material for fabrication of high-temperature devices because of its unique mechanical and electrical properties. The prospective of using diamond is not only in sensors (MEMS) but in RF and power electronic as well. The strain gauges based on nanocrystalline diamond layers have been successfully designed and fabricated using mainly domestic technological background. The CoventorWare FEM calculations of the mechanical stress and geometrical deformations of a 3-D structure are used for a proper localization of the piezoresistor on the carrying substrate. The boron-doped piezoresistive sensing element was realized using a directed patterned growth of NCD film on SiO2/Si by microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Cantilever beam configuration was used for sensor characterization. The sheet resistance of tensometric layers as well as contact edge resistivity were measured by Transmission Line Method (TLM). The gauge factor of boron-doped NCD films was investigated in the range from room temperature up to 250degC and from 0 to 1 N of applied force.

23    Deokhwa Hong, Heechan Park, Hyungsuck Cho, "Design of a multi-screen deflectometer for shape measurement of solder joints on a PCB ," ISIE 2009, pp. 127 - 132 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Solder joint shape measurement is one of the most challenging technique which is essential for automation of PCB inspection. It is difficult because the surface reflection is specular. Among several kinds of specular shape measurement techniques, deflectometry is suitable to measure the 3D profile of a specular free-form surface because of its high accuracy and short inspection time. In that a pattern displayed on a screen is reflected to be imaged on a image sensor. The surface shape is reconstructed from the distortion of the pattern. The major limitation of deflectometry is its limited measurable slope angle caused by the physical size of the screen. In this paper, we propose a multi-screen deflectometer to increase the measurable slope angle for solder joint measurement. And proper calibration method and shape reconstruction algorithm are developed. This idea is verified by experimental results, in which phase information is successfully extracted from the area which are not normally measurable due to its high curvature surface.

24    Wang Keqi, Xie Yonghua, Sun Liping, "Study on nonlinear compensation of eddy current sensor based on support vector machine ," ISIE 2009, pp. 133 - 137 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The input/output characteristic curve of eddy current sensor is nonlinear. In order to ensure the linear relationship between the input and output, the compensation of eddy current sensor is very necessary. According to the non-linear problem caused by temperature and circuit interference during the detection process of the eddy current sensor, a nonlinear compensation method is proposed based on the support vector machine theory. The nonlinear characteristics of measured values of sensor are analyzed, and the support vector machine (SVM) inverse model is established while the displacement parameters as the output and voltage parameter as input. The effectiveness of SVM inverse model is verified by the simulation. Compared with the RBF neural network model, the SVM model is efficiency. The average absolute error of the model prediction is 0.0932 mm, so it has good linearity, and nonlinear compensation of eddy current sensor is realized.

25    M. Djamal, R.N. Setiadi, "Development of fluxgate magnetometer using double cores probe ," ISIE 2009, pp. 138 - 142 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The paper explains design and development of fluxgate magnetometer, which is based on second harmonic Fourier component. The magnetometer has double cores probe of highly saturable material and two coils, a premagnetization coil and a pick-up coil. They are used to measure an external magnetic DC or low-frequency AC field, Bext. The probe is driven periodically into saturation by a triangular current that flows through the premagnetization coil. It can be shown that the amplitude of the second harmonic frequency component will be measured by external magnetic field. The developed magnetometer can measure magnetic field with sensitivity 301.6 mV/muT and relative error < 0.017%.

26    Weijie Wang, Donghai Li, Yali Xue, "Decentralized two degree of freedom PID tuning method for MIMO processes ," ISIE 2009, pp. 143 - 148 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A tuning method for decentralized PI/PID with set-point weighting or 2DOF PI/PID controller is proposed in this paper. The tuning method is based on frequency domain analysis of a decentralized robust controller. In this method, desired dynamic equation (DDE) is designed firstly to meet the control specifications, and then the relation between desired dynamic equation parameters and controller parameters is given. The proposed tuning method is applied to a variety of 2 times 2, 3 times 3 and 4 times 4 models from literature and compared with the methods in references. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed tuning method is of feasibility and effectiveness for multivariable processes. And because of its simplicity, the proposed method is applicable for the high dimensional ones. Besides, in this tuning method, each parameter has clear meaning and exact model expression is not indispensable, which makes it possible to apply the proposed method to practical industry.

27    M. De la Sen, O. Barambones, "Stabilization of nonnecessarily inversely stable first-order adaptive systems under saturated input ," ISIE 2009, pp. 149 - 154 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents an indirect adaptive stabilization scheme for first-order continuous-time systems under saturated input which is described by a sigmoidal function. The singularities are avoided through a modification scheme for the estimated plant parameter vector so that its associated Sylvester matrix is guaranteed to be non-singular and then the estimated plant model is controllable. The modification mechanism involves the use of a hysteresis switching function. An alternative hybrid scheme, whose estimated parameters are updated at sampling instants is also given to solve a similar adaptive stabilization problem. Such a scheme also uses hysteresis switching for modification of the parameter estimates so as to ensure the controllability of the estimated plant model.

28    Ying Zheng, Bing Ai, Yanwei Wang, Hong Zhang, "The dEWMA fault tolerant approach for mixed product run-to-run control ," ISIE 2009, pp. 155 - 160 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Semiconductor manufacturing is an industry with high cost. Improvement of production efficiency is always an important goal for manufacturers. Run-to-run control has been widely used in batch manufacturing processes to reduce variations. Threaded EWMA run-to-run control is an important stable control scheme. In this paper mixed products are manufactured in cycles. However, the process outputs will oscillate greatly in the first runs of every cycle if the disturbance follows IMA(1,1) series with deterministic linear drift and the break length of a certain product is large enough. A double EWMA controller is adopted to handle the disturbance and the drift. Furthermore, how to deal with process fault is also considered in this paper. Two kinds of fault - the step and ramp fault are discussed for fault tolerant approach which can reduce the large deviation of output from the target. Simulation study showed that the proposed approaches are effective.

29    Woosung Yang, Jaesung Kwon, Ji-Hun Bae, Nak Young Chong, Bum Jae You, "Biologically inspired self-adapting motion control employing neural oscillators ," ISIE 2009, pp. 161 - 168 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: We address a neural oscillator based control scheme to achieve biologically inspired motion generation. In general, it is known that humans or animals exhibit novel adaptive behaviors regardless of their kinematic configurations against unexpected disturbances or environment changes. This is caused by the entrainment property of the neural oscillator which plays a key role to adapt their nervous system to the natural frequency of the interacted environments. Thus we focus on a self-adapting robot arm control to attain natural adaptive motions as a controller employing the neural oscillator. To demonstrate the excellence of entrainment, we implement the proposed control scheme to a single pendulum coupled with the neural oscillator in simulation and experiment. Then this work shows the performance of the robot arm coupled to neural oscillators in various tasks that the arm traces a trajectory. Exploiting the neural oscillator and its entrainment property, we experimentally verify an impressive capability of biologically inspired self-adaptation behaviors that enables the robot arm to make adaptive changes corresponding to an unexpected environmental variety.

30    Youn Ki Ko, Sang Soon Cho, Hoon Huh, Sang Yeob Lee, Hong Tae Park, Il Sung Oh, "Design of HEV-relay using response surface method to improve bounce characteristics ," ISIE 2009, pp. 169 - 174 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: HEV-relay plays a significant role as a controlling switch which operates a gasoline engine and an electric motor by an electric controlling system of a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV). The relay has some problems in the operating process. First, the bounce of a moving contact by high speed impact makes unstable current flow because the relay completes an operating process only in a few milli-seconds. Second, it is difficult to design the actuating system to satisfy the desired design specification due to the complex design variables of HEV-relay. In this research, the electrical contact and springs consisted in HEV-relay are designed to improve bounce characteristics and to satisfy the desired design specification in the operating process. The shape of electrode is modified to reduce the bounce time in close process of HEV-relay. And the spring stiffness and initial compression force of each spring are optimized in order to satisfy the design specification such as operating time and velocity. The design procedures are based on the numerical simulation using LS-DYNA3D. The optimum performance of the HEV-relay is determined by response surface method (RSM) as the design methodology.

31    M. Ghayour, N. Negahbani, A.H. Nakhaei, "Controlling wheel less snake-like robot by considering the Coulomb elliptical friction model and utilizing the path of Serpenoid curve ," ISIE 2009, pp. 175 - 182 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This article sets to investigates and analyzes the snake-like robot by applying Lagrange method to establish the equations of motion. Based on equations of motion, the generalized coordinates are the absolute angles of bodies and center of mass of the snake robot. Friction force into the system is evaluated through the Coulomb model and the contact surface based on the rectangle shape. The elliptical friction model of Coulomb friction is considered; as this model allows more realistic result compared to viscous friction model. Although the robots relative angles are specified as a function of time, the robots equations of motion will be evaluated in a way that, the torque of actuators is not directly inserted into the equations, and the relative angles are the system inputs. Based on the serpenoid curve and parametric control through this curve, which influence the whole movement of the robot, the robot is controlled in such a way that it can travel the prescribed path. Accordingly, the robot can travel well through the prescribed curvilinear and or linear paths. By utilizing this method, the robot is navigated from a point outside the design path towards the defined path.

32    Xu Liangfei, Hua Jianfeng, Li Xiangjun, Li Jianqiu, Ouyang Minggao, "Distributed control system based on CAN bus for fuel cell/battery hybrid vehicle ," ISIE 2009, pp. 183 - 188 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A distributed control system comprising a TTCAN (Time Triggered Controller Area Network) and a J1939 CAN (Controller Area Network) is proposed for a PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane) fuel cell / Ni-MH battery hybrid vehicle. A current-regulated DC/DC (Direct Current to Direct Current converter) is used to control the output power of the fuel cell. The work of the hybrid power train is coordinated by the TTCAN network, incorporating an optimal energy management strategy and a brake energy regeneration algorithm. In order to keep the vehicle safe, another CAN network based on the SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) J1939 protocol is designed to coordinate the work of the braking energy regeneration algorithm and the ABS. Results of the city bus in the ldquoChina typical city bus cyclerdquo are presented.

33    Y. Takahashi, "Ultra light weight fuel cell electrical vehicle (UL-FCV) ," ISIE 2009, pp. 189 - 194 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper describes the concept of an ultra light weight fuel cell electrical vehicle (UL-FCV), and the results of its running experiments. The UL-FCV is a one-person operated fuel cell vehicle designed for ECONO MOVE, a Japanese light weight electrical vehicle competition held every May in Akita, Japan. Vehicles are powered using two 60 NL hydrogen tanks and are evaluated based on the distance traveled over two hours on a test course. One lap of the course is approximately six kilometers. This paper will first outline the ECONO MOVE competition, and also present the results of our preliminary running experiments and the competition. Next, we will present the experimental results of the improvements of the fuel cell driving system. Our experiments were conducted focusing on the efficiency of the hydrogen flow rate.

34    Book-Sung Park, Jee-Myun Lee, Seon-Gu Lee, Sung-Ho Lee, Jin-Man Jang, Chul-Ju Kim, "A novel micro-structure internal antenna with sputter-deposited for wireless communication applications ," ISIE 2009, pp. 195 - 199 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This research proposes a novel micro-structure sputter-deposited internal antenna for wireless communication applications. With the proposed antennas adapted micro and nano scale technology as well as sputter-deposited internal antenna covering GSM quad-band (GSM850/EGSM900 and DCS1800/PCS1900) and WCDMA dual-band (WCDMA850/1900). To present micro-structure Ni/Ag/Ni thin films overall size is 43.0times22.0times0.0015 mm3 (Ni/Ag/Ni growth thickness: 15.0times103 Aringring) without feeding mechanism. The optimized tri-structure antenna results of shows satisfied performance at GSM quad-band frequency using Agilent E5071B and CTIA chamber. This investigated proposes novel structure is very promising for the quad-band mobile antenna applications and further higher frequency operation of the wireless technology.

35    Geun-Sub Heo, Si-Hyun Ryu, Keun-Young Park, Sang-Ryong Lee, Choon-Young Lee, "Integrated monitoring system of tank-lorry ," ISIE 2009, pp. 200 - 204 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: It is important that monitoring tank-lorries and bulk-lorries which transport poisonous gas, flammable materials. For safety, continuous monitoring the status of vehicles and tanks is needed in the course of following the entire path from start point to the destination. Therefore, in this paper, we propose about the safety monitoring system for a tank-lorry carrying dangerous gases. By the sensor nodes which are attached to vehicle, we do monitoring and collecting data on vehicle-status. And we considered about management of tank-lorries by the cooperation with the central control system. Based on sensor data, we apply algorithm that adjudge the level of dangerous of the vehicle and warn to the driver.

36    Joonyoung Park, An Myungseok, "A novel application of Panoramic Surveillance System ," ISIE 2009, pp. 205 - 210 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: As the surveillance environment is more sophisticated, the management and the integration of security information become more important. In this paper we propose the integrated and graphical surveillance system, STW panoramic surveillance system (STW PSS). To archive this, we present the three concepts which are the multi-connection through the network, the panorama of the surroundings and the device control through the graphical interface. We wish the integrated panorama system will help user monitor and control the surveillance areas and devices easily.

37    Donggil Ha, Hyunsup Kim, Hyeongcheol Lee, "Height sensor fault diagnosis for electronic air suspension (EAS) system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 211 - 216 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a method to diagnose the height sensor faults of the electronic air suspension system. The height sensor faults are detected based on the analysis of the geometrical relationship between the sensors. The fault isolation is performed by the roll angle and pitch angle signals which can be estimated using other sensor signals such as acceleration signals. The fault detection and isolation method proposed in this paper are verified by the simulations and vehicle test.

38    P. Thammakaroon, P. Tangamchit, "Predictive brake warning at night using taillight characteristic ," ISIE 2009, pp. 217 - 221 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: We present a technique used for frontal collision warning in an intelligent vehicle. The system uses an image processing algorithm to detect taillights (red brake lights) of vehicles driving at night time. The area of red lights, the size of the largest brake lights, and the vehicle's speed are used to compute the rear-end collision risk, which can be used as an indicator to danger that potentially leads to frontal collision. Therefore, the driver can be warned, and he can perform brake action on time. The algorithm uses a threshold to detect red color on an RGB image. The thresholds are obtained from statistical collection of 50 sample images. From our experiment on real driving situation, the collision risk can predict the actual brakes with 90% accuracy. The result also indicates that the area of red lights detected has a close relationship with the brake applied.

39    Xu Peng, Hou Zhe, Guo Guifang, Zhang Liping, Cao Binggang, Long Hongyu, Chen Xi, "Anti-slip regulation of electric vehicle without speed sensor ," ISIE 2009, pp. 222 - 227 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In order to research the anti-slip regulation (ASR) of electric vehicle(EV), this paper analyzes the operating principle and control strategy of electric vehicle's ASR, builds the motion model of the EV and vehicle dynamics model including the tyre, the wheel and the model between the tyre and the road. The traditional ASR structure is complex. In order to solve the problem, a novel anti-slip controller for EV without speed sensor is designed to prevent the slip between tyre and road. A back electromotive force (back-EMF) observer is constructed to acquire the information of speed as well as acceleration. By selecting the time constant or observer gain properly, the current command reduction characteristics can be adjusted freely in some range. The results of simulation and experiment verified the effectiveness of the proposed controller, which can prevent the driven wheels skidding, improve the traction performance, enhance the driving performance and the stability of EV, and avoid the occurrence of traffic accident. The anti-slip control for EV without speed sensor is an ideal anti-slip regulation method.

40    Joon-Hong Seok, Ju-Jang Lee, "Prechlorination control using fuzzy logic and enhanced compact genetic algorithm ," ISIE 2009, pp. 228 - 231 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, fuzzy logic controller (FLC) with enhanced-cGA is introduced for determining chlorine input rate in water treatment plant. Prechlorination process removes many colloids such as NH3, iron, manganese, algae and bacteria. However, this process is carried out by human's hand with their experience practically. This plant is composed of complex structures, so chlorine input rate has been only determined by the time of day when human control the plant. In this paper, we propose fuzzy logic controller for prechlorination control and enhanced compact genetic algorithm for optimizing parameters of fuzzy logic controller. It shows better performance compared as previous works in simulation works.

41    I. Jordanov, A. Georgieva, "Neural network classification: A cork industry case ," ISIE 2009, pp. 232 - 237 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper we investigate an Intelligent Computer Vision System applied for recognition and classification of commercially available tiles from the cork industry. The system is capable of acquiring and processing gray images using several feature generation and analysis techniques. Its functionality includes image acquisition, feature recognition and extraction, data preprocessing (Analysis of Variance and Principal Component Analysis) and feature classification with neural networks (NN). The system is investigated in terms of statistical feature processing (number of features and dimensionality reduction techniques) and classifier design (NN architecture, topology, target coding, and complexity of training). We report system test and validation results of the recognition and classification tasks with up to 95% success rate. Some of those results are due to our investigation and combination of feature generation techniques: application of Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA), which appeared to be very efficient for preprocessing the data; and use of suitable NN design and learning method. The employed NNs are trained with our genetic low-discrepancy search method (GLPtauS) for global optimisation. The obtained and reported results demonstrate strongly competitive nature when compared with results from other authors investigating similar systems.

42    Xingjian Wang, Shaoping Wang, Xiaodong Wang, "Electrical load simulator based on velocity-loop compensation and improved fuzzy-PID ," ISIE 2009, pp. 238 - 243 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Research on electrical load simulator (ELS) which is directly driven by permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM), and build up mathematical model of ELS. Analyze the couple relationship between torque motor and actuator, and the generating mechanism of extraneous torque in ELS, conclude that extraneous torque is directly related to the velocity of actuator, so propose velocity-loop compensation algorithm to eliminate extraneous torque of ELS. Aiming at requirement of high frequency response and kinds of nonlinear factors of ELS, the traditional PID control theory cannot meet the demand of control accuracy, so research on fuzzy control with non-uniform membership function, then combine fuzzy control and PID control with exponential function to avoid the sudden change of control output when switching between fuzzy and PID. And the results of experiments prove that ELS based on velocity-loop and improved fuzzy-PID has excellent performance.

43    K. Watanabe, C.D. Pathiranage, K. Izumi, "T-S fuzzy model adopted SLAM algorithm with linear programming based data association for mobile robots ," ISIE 2009, pp. 244 - 249 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper describes a Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy model adopted solution to the simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) problem with two-sensor data association (TSDA) method. Fuzzy Kalman filtering of the SLAM problem (FKF-SLAM) is used in this paper together with newly proposed data association algorithm. An extended TSDA (ETSDA) method is introduced for the SLAM problem in mobile robot navigation based on an interior point linear programming (LP) approach. Simulation results are given to demonstrate that the ETSDA method has low computational complexity and it is more accurate than the existing single-scan joint probabilistic data association (JPDA) method.

44    F. Khater, A. Shaltout, E. Hendawi, M. Abu El-Sebah, "PI controller based on genetic algorithm for PMSM drive system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 250 - 255 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper introduces a genetic-algorithm-based PI controller for position control of permanent magnet synchronous motor. The algorithm is proposed for optimizing the PI controller gains in the position control. Different controllers' strategies are applied for the cascaded-loop position controller, speed controller and current controllers. The controllers are compared together to select the best one. The objective target, which has been used for comparison, is the rise time, settling time, steady state error. In addition, the response of the developed torque is investigated. Simulation results show that using genetic-algorithm-based PI controller gives the best performance.

45    J.P. Perez, J.A. Gonzalez, J. Perez, "Stochastic recurent neural control for trajectory tracking of a gene regulatory network biological system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 256 - 260 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper the problem of trajectory tracking by a stochastic recurrent neural network to a gene regulatory network described by a nonlinear dynamic model is studied. Based on the Lyapunov theory is obtained a control law of that achieves the global asymptotic stability of the tracking error.

46    Minh-Khai Nguyen, Young-Gook Jung, Young-Cheol Lim, "Single-phase AC/AC converter based on quasi-Z-source topology ," ISIE 2009, pp. 261 - 265 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper deals with a new family of quasi-Z-source converters applying to AC/AC power conversion called single-phase quasi-Z-source AC/AC converter (qZSAC). The proposed qZSAC inherits all the advantages of the traditional single-phase Z-source AC/AC converter (ZSAC), which can realize buck-boost, reversing or maintaining phase angle. In addition, the proposed qZSAC has the unique features; namely that the input voltage and output voltage is sharing the same ground; the operation is in continuous current mode (CCM). Compared to the conventional ZSAC, the proposed qZSAC has a lower harmonic distortion input current and a higher efficiency. The proposed qZSAC can control to shape the input current to be sinusoidal and in phase with the input voltage. The operating principles of the proposed qZSAC are described, and a circuit analysis is provided. Simulation results are shown in comparison to that of the conventional SZAC. Experimentation is implemented to verify the operational concept.

47    Young Chol Kim, Yeonsoo Lim, Lihua Jin, Jinmok Lee, Jeaho Choi, "Direct digital control of PWM converter using closed-loop identification ," ISIE 2009, pp. 266 - 271 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a new technique of designing a direct digital controller for a single-phase pulse width modulation (PWM) converter system, based on closed-loop identification. It is difficult to analytically design a controller due to the double loop structure of the PWM converter control system. The design procedure consists of three steps. First, obtain a current controller for the inner loop system by using the error space approach, which is a powerful method for robust tracking control design. The outer loop is composed of a voltage controller, a current control loop including the current controller, a PWM converter, and a capacitor. Then, all the components, except the voltage controller, are identified by a discrete-time equivalent linear method, using the closed-loop output error (CLOE) method. Based on the equivalent model, a proper digital voltage controller is then directly designed. It is shown through PSim simulations and experimental results that the proposed method is useful for the practical design of PWM converter controllers.

48    K.I. Hwu, Y.H. Chen, W.C. Tu, "Negative-output KY boost converter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 272 - 274 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A novel converter, named as negative-output KY boost converter, is presented herein, which needs one additional capacitor and one additional diode as compared to the boost converter. In the following, the basic operating principle of the proposed converter is illustrated in detail, together with some simulated and experimental results to verify its effectiveness.

49    K. Oranpiroj, S. Premrudeepreechacharn, M. Ngoudech, W. Muangjai, K. Yingkayun, T. Boonsai, "The 3-phase 4-wire voltage sag generator based on three dimensions space vector modulation in abc coordinates ," ISIE 2009, pp. 275 - 280 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Voltage sags from fault or ground fault are the most prevalent disturbances in electrical power system. A recent survey attributes them to 92% of all disturbances. This paper presents the simulation and experimental of 3 phase 4 wire voltage sag generator based on three dimensions space vector modulation in abc algorithm to produce voltage sag for testing electrical equipment. Experimental results have shown that this prototype can be used as voltage sag generator in any conditions.

50    M. Pishvaei, M. Nasiri, G.B. Gharehpetian, "New compensation method for generic load and source conditions ," ISIE 2009, pp. 281 - 285 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a new reference signal extraction method based on orthogonal decomposition of load current for active parallel conditioners. Using internal product of load current and unit vector of source voltage, active part of current will be calculated and then balanced. The method doesn't affect by source voltage distortions and its proper operation is verified by simulation in MATLAB/SIMULINK.

51    A. Hamadi, S. Rahmani, K. Al-Haddad, "A new hybrid series active filter configuration to compensate voltage sag, swell, voltage and current harmonics and reactive power ," ISIE 2009, pp. 286 - 291 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes a new system configuration for a series hybrid power filter (SHPF) realized for all harmonic types of loads. The series hybrid filter consists of a small rated series active power filter (SAPF) and a shunt passive filter with variable inductance using a thyristor control reactor (TCR). The DC voltage available at the load side of a typical voltage harmonics source, such as a diode bridge rectifier followed by a capacitor, is utilized as a source of DC power for the SAPF. To increase the filtering performance of the shunt passive filter, SAPF is control in such a way that it increases the network impedance at the harmonic frequency. This also helps to avoid any series or parallel resonance that may occur. The shunt passive filter together with a TCR is used to support the variable load reactive power demand as well to tackle the current harmonics generated by non-linear load. The performance of proposed series hybrid power filter is validated through MATLAB/Simulink simulation study and successfully utilized to compensate the voltage sag, voltage swell, voltage harmonics, current harmonics and load reactive power demand.

52    Huang Jinying, Hu Huizhen, Liu Xiujin, Liu Lijun, "Research on recognition of motional vehicle based on second-difference algorithm ," ISIE 2009, pp. 292 - 296 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Location detection method based on vision of motional vehicle is studied in this paper. Conventional method is frame difference method, which is realized by contrasting the different of sequential two frames of vehicle image, and which is easy to detect the background of current frame sheltered by previous frame. Second-difference algorithm is improved in the text, which is the improved algorithm of frame-difference method. Second-difference algorithm locates the motional vehicle in the middle frame relying on the difference among three sequential images. It makes difference operation between two sequential frames and makes difference operation again between two sequential difference images. At last, the results of second- difference are converted to binary for vehicle detection and location. Experimental results show that second-difference algorithm can identify the motional vehicle efficiency and accuracy.

53    Jae-Soo Cho, Yeoung-Hyeon Kwon, Gwang-Soon Lee, Joung-Il Yun, "Effective application of statistical multiplexing in advanced T-DMB System ," ISIE 2009, pp. 297 - 300 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper deals with an enhancement method on the simultaneous multimedia broadcast capacity over advanced T-DMB(AT-DMB) broadcast channel which is constrained by wireless capacity and service rate variation. Especially we focus on the statistical multiplexing, which can effectively mitigate the individual program's service rate variation without service quality degradation. In the current T-DMB system, as each program encoder produces a fixed data rate for each single program, a statistical multiplex could enhance each program's achievable video quality. This paper proposes an efficient statistical multiplexing scheme for an AT-DMB system and shows illustrative simulation results of the proposed method.

54    K. Miyazaki, K. Kawasue, Li Tao, S. Ohyama, "Calibration technique of PIV for distorted image using LCD ," ISIE 2009, pp. 301 - 306 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In implementing the PIV (Particle Image Velocimetry), the measurement accuracy is often badly influenced by the distortion caused by the refraction depending on the shape of the water tank. In this paper, we introduce a calibration method using LCD. A waterproof LCD is placed in the water and it images a dot pattern to construct a calibration table, which can be used to eliminate distortion. The technique is applied for PIV and the results of the experiment are intruded in this paper.

55    Guangmin Sun, Xiaopeng Liu, Dequn Zhao, "A method of text event detection and image enhancement based on aerial video ," ISIE 2009, pp. 307 - 310 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In order to extract numbers from an aerial video, an improved algorithm of the text event detection is presented in this paper. This method intercepts key frames using the way of comparison between frame difference and the dynamic threshold. In this way, it can avoid unnecessary trouble made by dealing with the video frame by frame. Results show that this method can save much computing time as well as improve operating efficiency. Besides, a new method of de-noising for binary image is proposed during image preprocessing. For the sum of the column pixel of noise is much less than the concerned area, we can successfully remove the noise pixel and pave the way for the future steps such as character division or number recognition. As the results shown, this method is especially suitable for processing poor quality images.

56    J. Rebut, B. Bradai, J. Moizard, A. Charpentier, "A monocular vision based advanced lighting automation system for driving assistance ," ISIE 2009, pp. 311 - 316 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a night time vehicle detection system performing automatic headlamp control in the frame work of driving assistance. In such application dealing with sensor, processing and actuator, we focus on image processing techniques developed in this project. From our embedded camera, image processing enables to detect vehicles ahead and estimates their positions in order to increase driver visibility by adjusting headlamps. We review algorithms (segmentation, classification, tracking and position estimation) in detail and present results comparing driver dazzling between static headlamps and intelligent headlamps. Our system detection range is above 600 m for headlamps and about 400 m for tail lamps which is sufficient to avoid glaring of other road users. Classification performances are above 97% of true positive rate evaluated on a validation database (frame by frame detection). The final vehicle detection is guaranteed at 100% of recognition by attributing a minimum confidence accumulated over successive fames. By way of conclusion, we introduce perspective of advanced lighting automation.

57    M.A. Flores, A.C. Thome, C. Lima, A.J. Cruz, "A dynamic fluid level monitoring application using hough transform and edge enhancement ," ISIE 2009, pp. 317 - 322 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Fluid level monitoring is a common control task in chemical processes. The on-line level monitoring of fluids with different densities is a complex task to be accomplished using traditional sensors, as floats for example. Most of the classic sensors have parameters that need to be recalibrated several times when monitoring liquids with different densities. To accomplish the recalibration, the process must be frequently paused to suit the new liquid characteristics. Besides, some traditional level monitoring methods are not safe for use with flammable liquids. In this paper we propose a new density invariant and non contact approach for level monitoring that is based on image processing Hough transform and image normalization. A prototype was implemented and an experiment in laboratory was carried out to test the performance of the proposed model.

58    A. Boura, P. Kulha, M. Husak, "Simple wireless A/D converter for isolated systems ," ISIE 2009, pp. 323 - 328 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Motivation for this paper is to present possible solution for measuring analog values in isolated systems without batteries. It can be suitable for biomedical probes, enclosed systems such as tubes, extreme temperature environments etc. The system is considering no batteries because of their finite lifetime, toxicity or an extreme temperatures environment that is improper for the batteries. System thus must be powered wirelessly and also the information must be transmitted without any wires. It is not necessary a long distance for this powering. Usually it is enough to transfer up to 20 cm. The paper presents basic theory needed for a design of the powering, communication and also the analog to digital converter. The converter is presented consisting of discrete devices and also it is presented scheme for chip realization using the 500 nm CMOS technology.

59    Zhuangzhi Han, Heng Zhang, Qiang He, Chaoxuan Shang, "Resolver-to-digital converter based on tangent algorithm ," ISIE 2009, pp. 329 - 332 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The paper proposes a solution to digitize the angle information of the two speed resolvers based on tangent algorithm. This solution is simple than the tracking types in common use. The principle is analysed and the configuration of software and hardware is presented. To avoid overflow and improve precision, sampling at the signal peak and two tables are adopted. The experiments show that the solution is steady, reliable, high-accuracy, and low-cost.

60    Ming-Shyan Wang, Ying-Shieh Kung, Yi-Ming Tu, Tsung-Ting Lin, "Novel interpolation method for quadrature encoder square signals ," ISIE 2009, pp. 333 - 338 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The paper presents a design and implementation of a novel but simple interpolation algorithm by a field programmable gate array (FPGA) to raise resolution of an incremental encoder by sixty-four times. A frequency-independent phase shift (FIPS) circuit is employed to shift the square-waveform signals of channels A and B by some specified electric angles. These delayed signals are performed by simple logic exclusive-or function to generate a pair of new squared signals with 64-fold frequency of channel A. As compared with conventional methods, the algorithm provides many merits, such as square-waveform instead of sinusoidal signals being required, independence of and applicable to any operating frequency/velocity of motors, without need of any analog-to-digital converter (ADC), resistor, or operational amplifier. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm will be demonstrated through the experimental results and error analysis.

61    Y. Yoshida, J. Hayashi, S. Hata, H. Hojoh, T. Hamada, "Status estimation of cloth handling robot using force sensor ," ISIE 2009, pp. 339 - 343 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: To automate linen supply factories, a cloth handling robot system has been developed. This system can pick up a small towel from the piled towels and place it to following process. But a large towel such as bath towels, sheets, etc, may be tangled with other clothes in this system. In order to solve the problem, it is necessary evaluate the status of cloth handling when it picks up clothes. In addition, it is necessary to develop an evaluation system without changing the existing system. In this paper, the status estimation method of handling robot using a force sensor has been introduced. Experimental result shows that our system can be used in the application of checking foreign objects mixed at lines and prevent the damages of pulling up clothes.

62    L. Tanachaikhan, W. Sriratana, "Analysis of capacitive variation using parallel-plates method ," ISIE 2009, pp. 344 - 347 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Capacitive variation of capacitive sensor was analyzed by using two parallel plates coated by 0.4 mm- thick nylon and fixed together by resin to maintain the distance of those two plates at 2.5 mm and 5 mm. In this study, stainless and copper were used for development of capacitive sensor. In this paper ethyl alcohol solution is used as a case study. Ethyl alcohol solution with the concentration ranging from 95% to 5% with 10% step decrease of concentration diluted by distilled water was experimented under the controlled temperature of 23degC and the frequency was varied from 100 Hz to 2 kHz with 500 Hz interval. The capacitive variation analyzed from the equivalent circuit which was obtained from the developed sensor was then compared to the electrical circuit obtained from the Good Will R-L-C instrument model CRT to analyze for the appropriate material and the distance between two parallel plates (d) of the sensor. This proposed methodology was developed with consideration of the simple design for easy fabrication and low costs with high accuracy and reliability of the results.

63    Bin Wang, Seon-Young Oh, ChangSoo Won, Sang Hee Son, WonSup Chung, "Design of Sensor interface circuit for Bloodbeat measurement using photoplethysmogram ," ISIE 2009, pp. 348 - 352 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Photoplethysmogram is widely used to measure heart rate and arterial blood oxygen saturation in hunman. A Sensor interface circuit for circuit for Bloodbeat measurement using PPG(Photoplethysmogram) is proposed and designed by using current-control schmitt trigger in this paper. This circuit detects the blood beat using PPG which occurs in bloodbeat sensor and composed of analog and digital blocks. Current signal of sensor is converted into voltage in analog parts and then converted into digital signal in digital parts. Compared to the conventional method, operation speed is increased and linear error is diminished by applying OTA(Operational transconductance amplifier) to Schmitt trigger circuit and oscillator. Also, proposed and designed circuit has some features of low power consumption, simple structure and high resolution compared with previous method.

64    K. Kojima, "VHDL design automation using evolutionary computation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 353 - 358 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a method of automatic controller design for electronic control systems is described. In order to automate the design of an electronic controller, an evolutionary computation is applied. First, the framework for applying the genetic algorithm to the automation of controller design is described. In particular, the coding of a chromosome is shown in detail. Then, how to make a fitness function is represented, with an air conditioner as an example, and the controller of the air conditioner is developed automatically using our proposed framework. Finally, an evolutionary simulation is performed to confirm our framework.

65    Xin Zhang, Chunxiao Jiang, Xin Ma, Nengqiang He, Yong Ren, Yang Li, Canfeng Chen, Jian Ma, "ZtCore: Zero-waste tiny core for real-time control within FPGA ," ISIE 2009, pp. 353 - 358 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a stack based, 4 bit instruction set soft core, named ZtCore. Z stands for Zero waste, which means it possesses high code density and efficient run time behavior. T stands for tiny, which means its resources consumption is low. In this paper, the architecture of ZtCore is described, as well as its implementation. Meanwhile, some evaluations about its performance are presented, which well exhibit ZtCores efficiency in logic control.

66    Yan Hongwei, Pan Hongxia, "Remote data monitoring system design based on GSM short message service ," ISIE 2009, pp. 364 - 367 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The development of communication and network technologies has greatly improved the data transmission speed and efficiency. In this paper the design and implementation of a remote data collection and monitoring system was investigated. The proposed system utilized GSM short message service to perform remote data collection and monitoring. The communication software written in VB programming language achieved efficient control of serial interface ports and real-time synchronization of remote data into system database, thus the multi-directional data monitoring was accomplished effectively.

67    Wei Wu, "A cogging torque compensating disturbance estimator for DC motor speed regulation: Design and experimentation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 368 - 372 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A disturbance estimator was designed and integrated into an existing proportional and integral controller DC motor speed control system to improve the speed regulation. The DC motor in the existing control system possessed a large amount of cogging torque, causing a periodic speed error. This cogging torque was treated as an equivalent input disturbance which then was estimated using a disturbance estimator. The estimated disturbance was utilized to reject the cogging torque. The speed response was largely improved by augmenting this disturbance estimator. The robust stability and performance of this scheme were investigated. Experiment results demonstrated the effectiveness of this scheme.

68    R. Wegener, S. Gruber, S. Soter, "Development of a low cost embedded diagnosis system for servo controlled drives including data mining technologies ," ISIE 2009, pp. 373 - 377 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper deals with an embedded diagnosis device which improves the reliability of a machine including servo controlled drives by monitoring the system parameters and detecting abnormalities and creeping changes. The detection algorithm is based on data mining technologies, well known in business administration. The presented system consists of a low cost processor board with an SD-card slot for data storage and a field bus connection and is completely independent of the main machine control. The additional benefits are online monitoring possibilities and the storage of the process variables in a high efficient way during the complete lifetime of the machine.

69    I. Bahri, I. Slama-Belkhodja, E. Monmasson, "FPGA-based real-time simulation of fault tolerant current controllers for power electronics ," ISIE 2009, pp. 378 - 383 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper investigates a FPGA-based real-time simulation of fault tolerant current controllers (FTCC) algorithm for three phase inverter fed electrical systems. The focus of the proposed method is on the identification of the faulty current sensor in AC machines drives and the actual reconfiguration between two control-sampling times which ensures a safety continuous working of the faulty system. For performances verification, the method is analyzed within a FPGA-based real-time simulator (RTS) of the studied electrical system, based on criteria such as accuracy, execution speed and implementation complexity. For the RTS modeling process, a multi-sampling approach is adopted allowing a real-time functioning with different time-steps. ModelSim simulations and experimental results are presented to emphasize the effectiveness of the proposed method.

70    Ye Ping, Sun Hanxu, Jia Qingxuan, "Fault-tolerant control system for joint module of light weight space robotic system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 384 - 389 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper studies a fault-tolerant control system designed for a joint module of a light weight space robotic system. Considering the extremely tight constraints on small mass, low power consumption, low volume, stringent cost control, high system reliability, etc, the joint electronics is divided into two layers, central processing layer and peripheral interface layer, using different redundancy design on each layer. Fault modes of the joint electronics and its effects on the performance of servo control of joint position are deeply analyzed. Based on the results of the analysis, fault-tolerant mechanisms are proposed. The features of the hardware and software of the fault-tolerant control system are also presented. A prototype is developed, and performance is tested. With the results, the feasibility of the system design is verified.

71    S. Datta, U.S. Patkar, S. Majumder, "Digital controller for attitude control of a rotary-winged flying robot in hover ," ISIE 2009, pp. 390 - 395 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents the design of digital controller for attitude control of a rotary-winged flying robot in hover. It describes the best digital implementation of continuous compensation from linear SISO controller to control the nonlinear dynamics of the aerial robot. Results with limits are given for attitude correction against reference attitudes, set for maintaining the hover. Experiments are carried out on Bergen Turbine Observer model, equipped with a NAV420CA INS and mounted on a test rig with bending flexibility in all axes.

72    Hyun Myung, Seungmok Lee, Bum-Joo Lee, "Structural health monitoring robot using paired structured light ," ISIE 2009, pp. 396 - 401 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The displacement measurement in structural health monitoring (SHM), though important, was not popular due to inaccessibility and the huge size of the civil infrastructures. The frequently employed approaches use accelerometer, strain gauge, PZT, GPS, LVDT(Linear Variable Differential Transformer) etc., where most of them indirectly measure the displacement, require high cost, and are not so practical to install and maintain. Thus the development of SHM system that directly measures the displacement of the structure using low-cost sensors can be very helpful. In this paper, a multiple paired structured light (SL) system is proposed to be used as a structural displacement measurement. The proposed paired SL module is quite cheap to implement and can directly measure the accurate relative displacement between any two locations. Based on some simulations, a minimal configuration of the paired SL module is proposed. And the steepest descent and extended Kalman filtering-based displacement estimation methods are proposed by deriving a kinematic equation and its constraints. After building a prototype of the paired SL module, some real experiments are performed to test the feasibility of the system for the long-span structural displacement monitoring. The proposed system is expected to act also as a visual inspection and active sensing system if the mobility of the robot is utilized.

73    A. Csapo, B. Resko, P. Baranyi, H. Hideki, "Substitution of haptic gloves using audio interfaces in robot control ," ISIE 2009, pp. 402 - 408 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: We refer to channels of communication which link the user to various electronic appliances and computers as cognitive communication channels. One especially interesting research topic related to cognitive communication channels deals with a special application called sensory substitution, when information is conveyed through a channel other than the one that is normally used. Besides offering a glimpse of hope to those living with injured sensory organs, sensory substitution can have benefits when designing user interfaces in terms of cost-effectiveness, the reduction of network delays, as well as the prevention of channel overloading. One such application in robot control could be the substitution of haptic feedback gloves (which are costly, bulky and have relatively few vibration states) using parameter-rich audio interfaces. In this paper, we propose the foundations of a framework for user-directed, interactive experimentation with haptic feedback using auditory cognitive communication channels. Within the presented framework, the paper deals with an approach to describe the relationship between physical parameters and coding parameters that can be used to convey control information through auditory cognitive channels.

74    S. Urushihara, K. Ohishi, Y. Imaizumi, T. Miyazaki, "Robust load position servo system without vibration and end-effector offset for industrial robots ," ISIE 2009, pp. 409 - 414 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes a new robust load position servo system without mechanical vibration and end-effector offset for industrial robots. The compact high gear reduction without backlash, such as the harmonic gear is frequently used in the driving system for the sake of high load-to-weight performance. Generally, the industrial robots have used the sensors mounted to actuator-side because hardware setting using load side sensor is very hard to mount signal lines. Therefore, the end effector response does not perfectly reach the desired position owing to the effect of external disturbance force, which is called end effector offset. The proposed robust servo system uses the estimated load information due to repress the effect of external disturbance force. The proposed position servo system is designed based on the state & disturbance observer and robust speed control system using coprime factorization controller. The effectiveness of the proposed robust system is confirmed by experimental results of prototype mechanical system.

75    Chang-Wan Son, Suk-Hyun Seo, Jin-Ho Kim, Key Ho Kwon, Jae Wook Jeon, Sung-Ho Hwang, "Comparison of two types of OSEK network management for CAN ," ISIE 2009, pp. 415 - 419 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: As the number of electronic control units (ECUs) in vehicles increases, ECUs can create a large and complicated in-vehicle network. Therefore, in-vehicle networks need a network management algorithm for improved reliability. The open system and corresponding interfaces for automotive electronics/vehicle distributed executive (OSEK/VDX) set a goal of being the industry standard for real-time operating systems used in vehicle systems. OSEK/VDX includes a reliable network management algorithm, OSEK network management (OSEK NM). It has two types of management mechanisms: direct NM, and indirect NM. These have opposite characteristics and different management performance. This paper explains the effective factor of network management performance, and proves it using a real application experiment. Direct NM and indirect NM are implemented to controller area network (CAN), and performance is analyzed using real applications. The result of this paper contributes that as a case of network situation, application engineer selects two types of OSEK NM for the best performance.

76    V. Medina, I. Gomez, D. Oviedo, E. Dorronzoro, S. Martin, J. Benjumea, G. Sanchez, "IEC-60870-5 application layer over TCP/IP for an open and flexible remote unit ," ISIE 2009, pp. 420 - 425 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents the development and test of the standard IEC-60870-5 application layer protocol over TCP/IP for a remote terminal unit (RTU) based on open hardware and software. The RTU hardware is an embedded system, a SoC-type design using FPGA that has been programmed with the open core LEO/ with Linux operating system running over it, so both the and IOS are open source. For prototyping the GR-XC3S-hardware 1500 board has been used. There is no open source code available for the IEC standard protocols, so application layer protocol over TCP/IP has to be implemented. All the software design has been made in a PC platform using standard development tools. The source code generated for the protocol has been compiled with the standard Linux gcc compiler in LEON. Several tests have been made to prove that the RTU works correctly.

77    Young Jun Cho, Yun Chan Cho, Jae Wook Jeon, "D-Bus based user device driver framework design for Linux mobile software platform ," ISIE 2009, pp. 426 - 431 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Mobile phone manufacturing companies wish to use a software development platform based on Linux for application security and software development efficiency. The Linux platform development confers stability. The driver code for each device should be inserted in Linux kernel to run the hardware devices of the mobile phones. Applications must request device control from the driver kernel using a specified access interface. In these structures, the stability of the mobile phone system depends on the developer's skill. Therefore, developers must make appropriate use of the driver code to be activated in the Linux kernel. They should design the programming interface to be reliable, correct and robust, so applications can be easily ported. Therefore, we ported the device driver code from the Linux kernel to the user area. We designed a driver framework based on the D-bus in user area. Most of driver code in the user area and application can access the device passing D-bus interface the driver framework offers. Therefore, we could improve system stability.

78    N. Sudha, A.R. Mohan, "A vision-based path planning on a distance map and its cellular array VLSI architecture ," ISIE 2009, pp. 432 - 437 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper gives a hardware-efficient algorithm and VLSI architecture for finding a path for a robot on an environment image. The algorithm constructs a distance map to identify the collision-free region for a given robot and then finds a path on the region. The path obtained from a start to a goal is the shortest path in terms of the number of steps. The time-critical part of the algorithm is mapped on to a two-dimensional cellular architecture that consists of a locally interconnected array of identical processing elements. Due to this local interconnection and regular structure, the architecture can be operated at a high speed and is easily scalable. The design has been implemented on the XCV8000 device of Xilinx. The maximum frequency of operation obtained is 246 MHz. This leads to computing a collision-free path on images of size 100 times 100 in less than 41 mus. The hardware is capable of processing images at a video rate for real-time path planning in a dynamic environment.

79    Jin-Ho Kim, Suk-Hyun Seo, Chang-Wan Son, Key Ho Kwon, Jae Wook Jeon, Sung-Ho Hwang, "Synchronization performance of FlexRay for OSEKtime ," ISIE 2009, pp. 438 - 443 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: We measured synchronization performance of FlexRay for OSEKtime and described why we must consider synchronization performance. Previous studies present scheduling methods for time-triggered systems when ideal constraints WCET(Worst Case Execution Time), deadline, resource dependency, etc.) are given. However, there are some differences between real distributed systems and ideal constraints. Because the scheduling method of OSEKtime is based on a clock that is synchronized via a communication protocol such as CAN (controller area network) and FlexRay, synchronization performance influences the scheduling result. Therefore, we measured the synchronization performance of FlexRay and described why we must consider synchronization performance for OSEKtime scheduling.

80    Ma Sasa, Zhang Chaowei, Liu Dongqing, "Technique project of radar information netting based on aerostat-borne radar ," ISIE 2009, pp. 444 - 448 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: An information transmission project is put forward in this paper, which utilizes the ball-carried radar as the relay station and carries out information transmission and communion for many types of radar though multiple radio communication modes. The general design of this technique project was done preliminarily. And the equipment constitutes of information transmission and communication was discussed, and the technical feasibility of this project was demonstrated. The technical analysis shows that this kind of radar information transmission system possesses some characteristics such as: broad coverage area, more transmission capacity and better economic affordability. This technique can help us setting up solid information transport network in space.

81    Dong-Hyun Lee, Vo Van Quang, Sungho Jo, Ju-Jang Lee, "Online Support Vector Regression based value function approximation for Reinforcement Learning ," ISIE 2009, pp. 449 - 454 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes the online Support Vector Regression (SVR) based value function approximation method for Reinforcement Learning (RL). This approach conserves the Support Vector Machine (SVM)'s good property, the generalization which is a key issue of function approximation. Online SVR can do incremental learning and automatically track variation of environment with time-varying characteristics. Using the online SVR, we can obtain the fast and good estimation of value function and achieve RL objective efficiently. Throughout simulation tests, the feasibility and usefulness of the proposed approach is demonstrated by comparison with SARSA and Q-learning.

82    K. Izumi, S.C. Banik, K. Watanabe, "Behavior generation in robots by emotional motivation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 455 - 460 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Emotions are necessary in robotic system to get some extra benefits especially in intelligence and autonomy with the motivational mechanism for behavior generation. A robot needs to be intelligent enough to adjust with dynamic and flexible environment. Benefits can be amplified if emotional intelligence can be incorporated with the available control methods. We describe an emotion model to be used for a robotic system with an application in a simulated environment. The simulation shows satisfactory results in emotion generation and actions selection.

83    Joon-Yong Lee, Joon-Hong Seok, M. Sugisaka, Ju-Jang Lee, "New encoding scheme for evolving fuzzy classifiers ," ISIE 2009, pp. 461 - 465 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: We present a noble encoding method for designing an optimal fuzzy classifier with evolutionary optimization. Evolutionary designs of fuzzy classifiers is divided into design of fuzzy rules and design of fuzzy membership functions. Among these design problems, for an evolutionary design of membership functions, the shapes of each membership function are mainly considered in the previous related works. In other words, design of fuzzy membership functions is formulated as a parameter search problem for tuning the shapes of each function (e.g. center(or mean) and width(or variance) in a Gaussian function). In this paper, we newly consider the design of fuzzy membership functions as optimization of intersection positions between adjacent membership functions. According to recent insightful researches, classification boundaries are determined by the points of intersection of membership functions. Therefore, the proposed approach differs from conventional approaches in that the proposed method can search and manipulate the border of classification which directly influences the classification performance. In order to verify the proposed encoding method, simulation study is carried out. For this simulation study, we apply the proposed encoding scheme to the basic genetic algorithm (GA), one of the most widely used evolutionary optimization methods in the recent literatures. The performance of the proposed method is investigated with two real world databases, dasiairispsila and dasiaglasspsila data.

84    Chang-Hyun Kim, Joon-Hong Seok, Ju-Jang Lee, M. Sugisaka, "Adaptive robot control based on multiple incremental fuzzy neural networks ," ISIE 2009, pp. 466 - 471 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: An adaptive control for robot manipulators based on multiple incremental fuzzy neural networks (FNNs) is proposed in this paper. The overall controller is comprised of a feedback controller and multiple FNNs which learn inverse dynamics of the robot manipulator for different tasks. The multiple FNNs are switched or blended to improve the transient response when manipulating objects are changed. The structure and parameters of the FNNs are determined dynamically using an incremental learning algorithm which reduces complexity and computation induced by the use of multiple models considerably. The parameters are refined online to compensate for uncertainties. The closed-loop system with a switching or blending law is proven to be stable in Lyapunov sense. The proposed scheme is applied to control a two-link robot manipulator with varying payloads.

85    A. Das, K. Sivakumar, R. Ramchand, C. Patel, K. Gopakumar, "A high resolution pulse width modulation technique using concentric multilevel dodecagonal voltage space vector structures ," ISIE 2009, pp. 477 - 482 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a new PWM technique for induction motor drives involving six concentric dodecagonal space vector structures is proposed. Apart from increasing the linear modulation range compared to a hexagonal space vector structure, the proposed configuration helps in total elimination of 5th and 7th order harmonics from the phase voltage throughout the modulation range. Thus, it is possible to operate the inverters at a reduced switching frequency without compromising on the quality of output sinusoidal voltage being fabricated. The space vector structure is realized by feeding an open-end induction motor drive from two three-level inverters having isolated asymmetric DC link voltages. Simulation and experimental results presented in this paper show the applicability and usefulness of the concept for high power drives.

86    Y. Ounejjar, K. Al-Haddad, "A new high power efficiency cascaded U cells multilevel converter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 483 - 488 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, authors presents a novel competitive multilevel converter. The novel cascaded U cells topology is constituted from two power switches and one capacitor for each cell. In case of DC/AC conversion, the proposed fifteen level inverter allows a nearly sinusoidal output voltage resulting on a perfectly sinusoidal load current. In case of AC/DC conversion, the proposed fifteen level rectifier presents a reduced impact on the utility supply, a good energetic efficiency and a small number of power switches and passive components. An average model of the proposed converter is performed and a control strategy is designed in order to draw a nearly sinusoidal current and voltage. Active and passive filters can thus be avoided resulting on a highest energetic efficiency and a reduced installation cost. The proposed converter presents also the possibility and the simplicity of changing the number of voltage levels only by acting online on the ratios of the desired output voltages. The modeling and control strategy of the proposed fifteen level converter were verified by simulation.

87    Jingang Han, Tianhao Tang, Chaohou Liu, Boyu Pu, Yao Xu, "A hybrid cascade asymmetrical multilevel converter for high power applications ," ISIE 2009, pp. 489 - 493 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a novel hybrid cascade asymmetrical multilevel converter is proposed. The converter is based on connection of an asymmetric multilevel converter and an H-bridge converter. The multilevel waveform is synthesized by adding of each converter output voltage. The principle of the converter is analyzed. However the new scheme requires fixed floating supplies. Selective harmonic elimination method is used to eliminate the specified harmonics in the output voltage. Then the switching angles are computed to eliminate the low order harmonics in theory. Experimental results are presented and verify the proposed method.

88    Jingang Han, Tianhao Tang, Boyu Pu, Yao Xu, Chaohou Liu, Xiaohui Wei, Yanxia Gao, "FPGA based hybrid cascade multilevel converter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 494 - 498 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a hybrid cascade multilevel three-phase converter is constructed based on field programmable gate array (FPGA). FPGA comprises thousands of logic gates and it provides flexibility to modify the designed circuit without altering the hardware. So FPGA is applied to design the PWM pulse generator for multilevel converter with no synchronization and communication trouble. A SHPWM pulse generator by FPGA is designed for 7-level three-phase converter. And experimental results are presented to verify the proposed method.

89    Hwan-Jin Jung, Byoung-Gun Park, Dong-Seok Hyun, "Real-time estimation of the boost inductance for traction PWM converters ," ISIE 2009, pp. 499 - 504 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes a real-time estimation of the boost inductance for traction PWM converters. The estimation procedure of the boost inductance is only based on the variation of input current and the input AC voltage measurement. The estimated boost inductance is optimized by the least square method. This estimation technique can improve the performance of current controller and reduce the harmonics of the input current in the feed-forward controller. The validity of proposed technique is verified through the simulation results.

90    O. Solomon, P. Famouri, "Control and efficiency optimization strategy for permanent magnet brushless AC motors ," ISIE 2009, pp. 505 - 512 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The problem of efficiency optimization in vector-controlled permanent magnet brushless AC motor drive is investigated. A machine model which accounts for the effect of core losses is included in the development of a loss model controller that dynamically determine the optimal reference currents and voltages required for minimum electrical loss (copper losses and core losses). The effectiveness of the proposed scheme is validated by evaluation/comparison with traditional maximum torque/ampere and zero d-axis (ids=0) control methods.

91    K. Takahashi, K. Ohishi, T. Kanmachi, "Quick and smooth speed servo system considering acceleration torque and THD for AC servo motor ," ISIE 2009, pp. 513 - 518 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes a quick and smooth speed servo system considering acceleration torque and total harmonic distortion (THD) for AC servo motor, which realizes both a quick speed response in transient state and a small value of THD in steady state. The proposed system has a new space voltage vector modulation (SVM) inverter, which is the mixed voltage limitation method of SVM. The proposed method achieves the fine performance in the experimental results of surface permanent magnet synchronous motor (SPM motor).

92    Liu Jun, Wu ChunHua, Huang JianMin, Yu Jin-Dhou, "Research on the starting method of sensorless PMSM based on electrical steady-state model ," ISIE 2009, pp. 519 - 522 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In order to solve the problem of sensorless PMSM starting, according to the mathematical model of PMSM and electrical steady-state principle, an electrical steady-state model observer of PMSM is built, which is used to estimate the rotor position and speed at low speed in the starting of PMSM. The method in this paper can start the sensorless PMSM stably and has the advantages of low complexity, low starting current, smooth switching and high reliability. The correctness and effectiveness are verified by experiments.

93    E. Serna, M. Pacas, "Detection of rotor asymmetries of induction machines in an encoderless control scheme ," ISIE 2009, pp. 523 - 528 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Different techniques for the asymmetries in the rotor of asynchronous machines in closed-loop controlled drives have been developed; they usually need to monitor currents and speed. This paper investigates the detection of rotor asymmetries in field oriented controlled induction machines based only on the measured currents and without the measurement of the speed. The paper uses the indicator for asymmetries in the rotor of induction machines that was proposed in an earlier paper and extends it to the case of sensorless control schemes. The main focus of the paper is not in the sensorless control at low speed and supposes therefore that a simple model based on the voltage equation of the machine is sufficient. The region of low operation frequencies represents therefore no problem for the detection procedure. Laboratory measurements corroborate developed algorithm.

94    R.M. Rosas, O.B. Aragones, X.C. Fajula, "Induction motor with spiral sheet rotor ," ISIE 2009, pp. 529 - 537 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Improvements in torque at low currents using a rotor with spiral sheets are analyzed. Several rotors and stators have been built combining different constructive and mechanical characteristics of the related elements: inertias, constructive materials, geometrical shapes of the sheets and geometrical disposition of the sheets. These different types of motors have been simulated using computer aided tools and then tested in the laboratory. Finally, four stators (1000, 1500, 1500-type A, and 3000 rpm) with the same constructive parameters, have been simulated and tested with the following rotors types: solid rotor, solid rotor with diamagnetic rings, drag cup, and simple and double squirrel cage rotor; the results have been compared to those obtained with the seven variants of spiral sheet rotor presented in this paper.

95    M. Ruter, U. Baader, W. Oberschelp, G. Schroder, "A sensorless speed acquisition method for induction machines ," ISIE 2009, pp. 538 - 543 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The speed of the rotor and the speed of the rotating magnetic field are different for induction machines. The difference is described by the slip which is normally unknown because it depends on the load. For motion control the speed must be known. This information is mostly taken by a separate rpm sensor. It is desirable to eliminate this sensor because the availability of the machine will be higher, working processes under demanding ambient conditions are easier feasible and the investment for the sensor will be saved, too. This paper explains the basic principle of a sensorless speed measurement which uses anisotropies to detect the rotor speed. Additionally a mathematical model describing the behaviour of the modified machine is presented.

96    G. Vazquez, T. Kerekes, A. Rolan, D. Aguilar, A. Luna, G. Azevedo, "Losses and CMV evaluation in transformerless grid-connected PV topologies ," ISIE 2009, pp. 544 - 548 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Controlling the thermal losses in the semiconductors as well as the Common Mode Voltage (CMV), are important issues in the design of power electronics converters for photovoltaic applications. At present time there are several topologies that offer a good performance regarding losses and CMV. In this paper an evaluation of three of these converters topologies: H5, HERIC and NPC transformerless for single phase PV systems will be carried out by means of simulations performed with PSIM 7.05. This software permits to estimate accurately the switching and conduction losses, thanks to its Thermal Module. This analysis together with the CMV study for each case will permit to establish the pros and cons of each topology.

97    G.M.S. Azevedo, G. Vazquez, A. Luna, D. Aguilar, A. Rolan, "Photovoltaic inverters with fault ride-through Capability ," ISIE 2009, pp. 549 - 553 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a new control strategy that allow the photovoltaic system operate under grid faults without overpass the rated current and assuring sinusoidal currents. In the classic control strategies used in photovoltaic systems the power delivered to the grid remains constant when a fault occurs, hence the current can reach dangerous values. Therefore the converter has a protection system to disconnect it avoiding its damage. Thus it must be connected manually when the electrical grid is re-established. The strategy presented here overcomes these drawbacks. It is compared with the classic strategy through simulations in PSCAD and the experimental results prove its effectiveness.

98    K. Tanaka, "Decentralized voltage control in distribution systems by distributed generators ," ISIE 2009, pp. 554 - 559 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Recently, renewable energy such as wind turbine generator and photovoltaic system are introduced as distributed generators (DGs). Connection of a large amount of distributed generator causes voltage deviation beyond the statutory range in distribution system. Reactive power control of inverter interfaced with DG is one of the solutions against this problem. Additionally, reactive power control has a possibility to contribute for reduction of distribution loss. In this paper, we propose a voltage control method in distribution system by reactive power control of inverters interfaced with DGs. The proposed method has been developed with the aim of reduction of distribution loss and voltage regulation into statutory range without any telecommunications. In the proposed method, each interfaced inverter controls reactive power based on voltage control reference, which is calculated from local measurements. The calculation rule of control reference has been developed using optimal data, which consist of relations between ramdomly given inputs and corresponding optimal outputs calculated by an optimization technique. Simulations are conducted to show the effectiveness of the proposed method.

99    K. Hoshino, Zhang Deng, T.H. Nishimura, "Reduction of photon shot noise using M-transform ," ISIE 2009, pp. 560 - 564 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper describes a novel approach for the photon shot noise reduction in an image sensor inspired from an M-transform method. In our proposed method, the photon shot noise is converted into small amplitude signals. Then, the signals are treated to remove the small amplitude noise by an epsiv filter. The Sobel method is applied to the edge detection. The edge of the object is protected by not treating the epsiv filter into the detect edge. After removal of the noise, the data of M-transform are restored to the image by a reverse M-transform. The proposed method is compared with the smoothing filter, the median filter and the Wiener filter. In cases where the number of the maximum incidence photons was 256 pieces (illumination is about 4 lx), the proposal technique indicated the PSNR (Peak-Signal to Noise Ratio) value better than the Wiener filter. Moreover, also with the low illumination less than 4 lx, the edge is maintained and the proposal technique is judged to be excellent in comprehensive evaluation.

100    Ching-Shun Lin, C. Kyriakakis, "Design of phase equalizer for rational filter banks using minimax approach ," ISIE 2009, pp. 565 - 568 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, we propose both IIR-based and FIR-based all-pass filters based on the minimax criterion. The advantage of this approach over the conventional algorithms is that it incorporates both magnitude and phase constraints, which may be related via Hilbert transform so that we can present a design procedure to find a stable IIR all-pass filter. As a result, one example of numerical design is shown to verify the proposed method. In addition, the FIR-based phase equalizer for reducing the phase distortion caused by rational filter banks is also addressed to demonstrate the usefulness of our approach.

101    Se-Kyung Park, Byung-Sung Kim, Eui-Yoon Chung, Kwae-Hi Lee, "A new illumination estimation method based on local gradient for retinex ," ISIE 2009, pp. 569 - 574 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, we present the new illumination estimation method for retinex algorithm, which is the color constancy algorithm under non-uniform illumination condition. In this algorithm, the most important factor is illumination estimation. Because properly estimated illumination guarantees good enhanced image. There are many algorithms for illumination estimation, LPF, MSR, bilateral filter, and so on. They have merits for illumination estimation, but they have demerits too. Proposed algorithm has edge preserving property that LPF, MSR haven't. Proposed algorithm also has fast processing time using the fast algorithm. In this paper, we compare proposed algorithm with previous illumination estimation algorithms. And we show proposed algorithm superior to previous algorithms through various experiments.

102    Kunsu Hwang, T.H. Nishimura, "A study on the 3D-weighted filtering for the 1/f noise reduction on CMOS image sensor ," ISIE 2009, pp. 575 - 580 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: We propose a new method for 1/f noise reduction in complementary metal oxide semiconductor image sensors (CMOS Image Sensors: CIS) by applying characteristics of noise distribution on time domain. The algorithm using time domain or stacking images which are focused on same pixel position are proposed to make up for the weakness of general method on edge region. Nevertheless, in the case of using of self-pixel position, some problems such as blocking effect or acquisition of images are occurred. In this study, we propose the algorithm 3D weighted filtering using multi-images through noise distribution. By using weight value on the center pixel of each 2D masks, the optimized algorithm is implemented. The purpose of proposed method is to obtain the best PSNR with minimum number of frame and minimum weight value. We have used White Gaussian noise distribution because 1/f noise has that distribution. Through the proposed algorithm, we have obtained the better PSNR than other methods as a masking method, Wiener filter and self pixel based method. The algorithm is expected that is effective for other random noise likes as photon shot noise with Poisson distribution.

103    Byeongcheol Yoo, T. Nishimura, "A study of ultrasound images enhancement using adaptive speckle reducing anisotropic diffusion ," ISIE 2009, pp. 581 - 585 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: We introduce the adaptive speckle reducing anisotropic diffusion(SRAD) that uses wavelet for enhancement of medical ultrasound images. This method first modifies coarse-to-fine classification to decide the homogeneous region that operated as diffusion threshold in SRAD works. Then, SRAD are played on each scale of decomposed wavelet domain with determined homogeneous regions as called ldquospeckle scale functionrdquo. From this process, homogenous region can considered without manual selection or preliminary exponential decay function. As a result, conventional SRAD will modify as adaptive one. Moreover, variety pattern of speckle is reduced by the proposed modified SRAD on wavelet decomposing. The proposed method can improve the image quality for ultrasound images enhancement. Finally, we validate this method to compare with conventional filters group using artificial speckle image and real ultrasound images. The experimental results show that the proposed method performed effectively both terms of speckle reduction and edge preservation.

104    V. Sukumar, F.N. Zghoul, M. Alahmad, H. Hess, K. Buck, H. Li, D. Cox, J. Jackson, "MOSFET charger controller circuit for on chip power cells in aeronautical applications ," ISIE 2009, pp. 581 - 585 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Integrated microbatteries are being currently developed to act as a ldquomicropowerrdquo source in microsatellites. They help provide localized current capacities or embedded power supplies at the chip level, for space exploration. These power cells are designed to be rechargeable. This research paper aims at presenting charging these power cells using pulsing algorithms developed at MRCI with an on chip pulse charger controller.

105    Xiaomu Wang, Zhaohua Zhang, Litian Liu, Tianling Ren, "Amplifier high linearization method based on offset cancellation technique ," ISIE 2009, pp. 593 - 596 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A novel structure based on cancellation was presented for linearizing amplifiers. This robust circuit compensates high order nonlinearity by 4-phase offset signals. A third order specified example was illustrated. Theoretically, the third order nonlinearity would be totally eliminated when using the proposed arrangement. It is especially designed for large swing signals and low power application. An on chip filter for MEMS sensor interface verified the principle. In practice, it was observed that the total harmonic distortion level was reduced up to 13.5 db.

106    S. Gassmann, L. Pagel, "Fluidic systems in Printed Circuit Boards ," ISIE 2009, pp. 597 - 602 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Printed circuit boards (PCBs) are widely used in electronics. However, the usage of PCBs in fluidic applications is rare. Adding a fluidic functionality to a PCB will create small intelligent fluidic systems at low cost. In this paper two systems are described: one micro system for the automated analysis of ferricions in water and one high-flow system for a medical device. These two systems are used to demonstrate the potential of the PCB technology in fluidic systems.

107    A. Garcia-Quinchia, Yi Guo, E. Martin, C. Ferrer, "A System-On-Chip (SOC) platform to integrated Inertial Navigation Systems & GPS ," ISIE 2009, pp. 603 - 608 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Currently there are quite works investigate the inertial measurement unit (IMU) and the Global Position System (GPS) fusion. The majority are implemented on personal computers, due to the high computational cost. However, nowadays there are system on chip (SOC) platforms with a lot of resources capable of the integration with GPS/IMS, providing a high performance, variety of peripherals, ease communication with different devices and possibility to add more modules into the development prototyped, also this kinds of platform can be the primary step of an ASIC. The propose in the current project is to integrated inertial navigation system (INS) based on SOC platform, insuring a good precision in the velocity and position information, and high performance and rapid response ability for the navigation system.

108    Ching-Lung Tsai, Ti-Chung Lee, Shir-Kuan Lin, "Friction compensation of a mini voice coil motor by sliding mode control ," ISIE 2009, pp. 609 - 614 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a sliding mode controller to compensate the friction of mini voice-coil motor (VCM), embedded with guide pins, for position control in compact camera module (CCM) application. In the VCM, actuator full stroke is only 0.35 mm or less, nonlinear friction force falls into mismatched condition and um-level resolution is required. With proposed controller, arbitrarily small steady state error can be approached by pole placement of the sliding mode state equation. The performance is firstly simulated with a physical VCM model. The experimental result is then presented to demonstrate the proposed controller is able to avoid stick-slip oscillation that usually yields when using classic controller, such as PI controller.

109    Dailin Zhang, Ho Ching, Ching Kong, "An integral sliding mode controller for the ultra-precision direct drive motor ," ISIE 2009, pp. 615 - 619 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In recent years, there has been much research in the development of ultra-precision control technology for automated machine tools to meet the increasingly stringent tolerance requirements. Minor disturbances in input torque, such as torque ripple and static friction that can normally be neglected, become apparent at micron-level scale. We propose a novel form of sliding mode control (SMC) to compensate for static friction and torque ripple in direct drive motor (DDM). A conventional SMC uses a sign function to drive the error on to the sliding surface, while our improved SMC uses the integral of the sign function to achieve the same purpose. Coupled with an exponential reaching law, this new algorithm can better suppress disturbance torque and chatter. This paper presents the derivation of our modified SMC algorithm. Simulation results demonstrate its robustness against disturbances and fitness for use in ultra-precision DDM.

110    Song Jiguang, Jin HongZhang, Liang Lihua, Shi Hongyu, "Variable structure control based on grey prediction for ship fin stabilizer ," ISIE 2009, pp. 620 - 625 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Ship fin stabilizer is widely employed in reducing rolling motion. But the effectiveness of ship fin stabilizer can be severely deteriorated due to the nonlinear and uncertainty arising from ship parameter variations, unsteady hydrodynamic characteristics, and waves. Variable structure control can offer several desirable characteristics, such as fast dynamic response, insensitivity to parameter variations, and rejection to external disturbances. However, common variable structure controllers require not only the bound value of uncertainty be known in advance but also the existence of chattering, especially to discrete system. The grey prediction method requires only a few sampled data to develop the grey model and to forecast on future. In this paper, an improved reaching law and an improved grey prediction method are employed to enhance performance and reduce chattering.

111    Sin Ho Lee, Jin Bae Park, Yoon Ho Choi, "Finite time control of nonlinear underactuated systems using terminal sliding surface ," ISIE 2009, pp. 626 - 631 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, we propose a hierarchical terminal sliding mode control approach for nonlinear underactuated systems which can drive the error to zero in a finite time. Here, the controller has the double layer structure because the system is divided into two hierarchical subsystems. In the first layer, the terminal sliding surfaces are hierarchically designed for each subsystem, and in the second layer, the whole sliding surface is designed as the linear combination of terminal sliding surfaces. The asymptotic stability of the system is verified by Lyapunov analysis because the controller is based on terminal sliding surface. Finally, we carry out simulation on a representative underactuated systems such as the overhead crane system, to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme.

112    M.T. Tsai, C.L. Chu, "Power control strategies evaluation of a series resonant inverter for atmosphere plasma applications ," ISIE 2009, pp. 632 - 637 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A prototype of a high-voltage high-frequency power supply for atmosphere plasma applications such as dielectric barrier discharge and corona-discharge is presented. It is consisted of a rectifier accompanied power factor correction function (PFC) and a resonant inverter. Some technologies, including pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM), pulse-width modulation (PWM), pulse-density modulation (PDM) and pulse-frequency modulation (PFM) have been tested to evaluate the power control performances. Experimental results show that the diversity among these methods and a hybrid control is suggested in accordance with these applications.

113    R. Hedjar, M. Alsulaiman, K. Muteb, "One-step-ahead predictive control of steering mobile robot ," ISIE 2009, pp. 638 - 641 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a one-step-ahead predictive controller is applied to solve a tracking control problem of steering mobile robot. The derived control law is simple for implementation and no online optimization is needed. Further, to constraint the control signals inside the acceptable range, saturation technique is used. The stability analysis of the closed loop system is provided. Simulation results show the efficiency of this approach where good tracking performances have been obtained.

114    K. Brkic, Z. Kovacic, "Decoupled control and path tracking of a two-wheeled self-balancing mobile robot ," ISIE 2009, pp. 642 - 647 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The paper deals with problems of effective control and path tracking of a two-wheeled self-balancing mobile robot (SMR). A mathematical model of SMR is derived and decoupling multi-variable control with respect to the robot linear velocity, steering angle, and vertical balance is described. The path tracking performance of the decoupled SMR controller was tested on the paths that are demanding from the steering point of view. The paths are planned by using a pure pursuit algorithm. Simulation results have shown that the proposed control method provides very good path tracking with the balance error kept within very small boundaries.

115    Zhixin Liu, Ji Zhao, Lei Zhang, Guiliang Chen, Daqi Li, "Realization of mobile robot trajectory tracking control based on interpolation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 648 - 651 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: For a problem of trajectory tracking control of a polishing robot for large free form surfaces, according to the kinematics model the robot, this paper has achieved the trajectory tracking control using the method of interpolation. The process of trajectory tracking control is analyzed in the paper as well as how to implement it. Experiments show that the method presented in this paper can get a better robot trajectory tracking performance under the premise of ensuring the feed rate of the robot.

116    Hyun-Jeong Lee, Min Cheol Lee, "Technique for localization and visual servoing of mobile manipulators ," ISIE 2009, pp. 652 - 657 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Localization and manipulation of mobile robots are the most important fundamental technology for robotic services. To realize localization and manipulation, a vision based manipulator system and an absolute positioning system based on an RFID are constructed. We investigate how localization technique can be enhanced by RFID through experiment to measure the position and moving direction of a mobile manipulator. Localization error is caused by long processing time. Error compensation is executed for improving the accuracy of measurement. Besides visual servoing based on stereo vision is executed.

117    Hyun Myung, Hae-min Jeon, Woo-Yeon Jeong, "Virtual door algorithm for coverage path planning of mobile robot ," ISIE 2009, pp. 658 - 663 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a novel coverage path planning algorithm for a mobile robot in indoor environment. Overall region is divided into several sub-regions based on the virtually extracted doors. The key idea of this method was obtained from the usual way of dividing an indoor environment into sub-regions, i.e., rooms based on the identification of doors. The proposed virtual door algorithm extracts the virtual doors by overlapping a Generalized Voronoi Diagram (GVD) and a configuration space eroded by the half of the door size. The region to region cleaning algorithm is also proposed based on the closing and opening of virtual doors. The performance of our algorithm has been tested on various real indoor environments using a commercially available cleaning robot.

118    Suk-Hyun Seo, Jin-Ho Kim, Sungho Hwang, Key Ho Kwon, Jae Wook Jeon, "An evaluation of the FlexRay-CAN gateway-embedded system in the HEV test bench ," ISIE 2009, pp. 664 - 669 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents the unified gateway for an in-vehicle network using LIN, CAN and FlexRay. The presented gateway uses MPC5567 MCU, including LIN, CAN, and FlexRay communication controllers. In this paper, we propose a reliable gateway algorithm and architecture. In addition, an embedded system is developed for the gateway and the gateway function is implemented. The proposed system is evaluated by experiments under a HEV test bench environment.

119    Seung-Hyun Yoon, Suk-Hyun Seo, Jin-Ho Kim, Key Ho Kwon, Sung-Ho Hwang, Jae Wook Jeon, "A method to handle CRC errors on the basis of FlexRay ," ISIE 2009, pp. 670 - 675 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: It is very important to communicate between the many electronic components in automobiles. If any component has an error, is possible for the error to affect other components. We propose a method of handling cyclic redundancy check (CRC) errors in the network using FlexRay. The FlexRay vehicle network protocol features fault-tolerance and guaranteed message latency. According to the FlexRay specification, each node in the FlexRay network decodes received messages and checks for various errors. However, if error occurs to any node, other nodes on the network do not know that a particular node generated an error. In this case, the node that did not receive the critical message cannot be guaranteed to demonstrate correct behavior. In order to solve this problem, we suggest a solution using dynamic messages supported by the FlexRay protocol.

120    Zonggang Li, Pu Gao, Xinzhu Yang, Zhongxue Li, "Unbiased Kalman filters for consensus of continuous-time sensor networks with switching topology ," ISIE 2009, pp. 676 - 680 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper considers the consensus problem of continuous-time sensor network in a noisy environment, in which both fixed topology case and switching topology case are considered. The main idea is based on the fact that the state of each agent has twofold identity, i.e., the state of itself and the control input of agents that take it as a neighbor. With this in mind, we first solely design unbiased Kalman filters for each agent such that the sensor network solves consensus problem when all information is contaminated by noises. Then, the convergence of the proposed algorithms is proved. All the proposed algorithms are fully distributed, unbiased, and use the least information. The validity of them is illustrated by the included numerical examples.

121    Suk-Hyun Seo, Jin-Ho Kim, Sungho Hwang, Key Ho Kwon, Jae Wook Jeon, "A model-based design for electronic control units based on OSEK/VDX ," ISIE 2009, pp. 681 - 685 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Control system embedded software is steadily increasing in size and sophistication, because of the complexity of the hardware and environmental interfaces associated with it. Control algorithms are now more complex and require more time and cost to implement that real control systems. This paper presents a method of developing electronic control units (ECUs) based on OSEK-VDX using model-based design and an embedded system platform. We develop a platform for ECUs in a vehicle as a real target system which plays the role of a universal ECU. The model based design is achieved by Matlab/Simulink. Using this method, it is possible to quickly implement embedded software including complex control algorithms without the time and cost burden associated with understanding hardware and software engineering.

122    D. Seidner, "Efficient implementation of 10Y lookup table in FPGA ," ISIE 2009, pp. 686 - 689 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: When implementing a mathematical function in h/w, we would like to minimize the required resources. This task is critical in FPGA designs. One of the popular techniques for implementing mathematical functions in h/w, is a lookup table (LUT) based design. In order to reduce the required memory size, the common implementations use a pre-defined set of input values for which the function values are stored in a LUT, and apply a linear or 2nd order interpolation between these values. In this paper we design an efficient FPGA implementation of a 10y conversion circuit using this approach. We suggest a simple scaling approach based on the mathematical properties of the 10y function that allows a more efficient implementation compared to a circuit based on the conventional approach without scaling. We then demonstrate the implementation of this approach in a FPGA.

123    Youdong Chen, Hongxing Wei, Kai Sun, Tianmiao Wang, Yong Zou, "System-on-Chip (SOC) design for CNC system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 690 - 693 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In the paper, a new complete design and implementation of a system on chip solution for CNC system is presented, using FPGA technology. It integrates a general-purpose processor, a motion-control core, an axis-control core, a PLC core, a Wishbone compliant bus and a standard external communication interface on a single FPGA. The proposed CNC system based on SOC has the advantages of high speed and robust. They demonstrate a promising alternative to developing CNC systems.

124    Ying-Shieh Kung, Ming-Shyan Wang, Tzu-Yao Chuang, "FPGA-based self-tuning PID controller using RBF neural network and its application in X-Y table ," ISIE 2009, pp. 694 - 699 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Based on FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) technology, the realization of a motion control system using RBF NN (Radial basis function neural network) self-tuning PID controller for X-Y table is proposed in this paper. Firstly, to cope with the system and external load uncertainly, a self-tuning PID controller using RBF NN is adopted and derived for X-Y table. Then, an FPGA-based motion control IC using the aforementioned controller is introduced. The motion controller IC includes two modules. The first module, which performs two PMSM's position servo controllers for X-Y table, is implemented by hardware in FPGA. The position servo controller adopts self-tuning PID controller. The second module, which performs the motion trajectory planning for X-Y table, is implemented by software in Nios II processor. As the result, the hardware/software co-design technology can make the motion controller of X-Y table more compact, robust, flexible, and less cost.

125    Seunghun Jin, Dongkyun Kim, Taehoun Song, Quy Ngoc Le, Jae Wook Jeon, "An FPGA-based motion-vision integrated system for real-time machine vision applications ," ISIE 2009, pp. 700 - 705 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Intelligent industrial robots must respond rapidly to environmental stimuli, and therefore the integration and real-time processing of motion-vision functions are of utmost importance. Robot decision making and motion control are commonly based on visual information in industrial machine vision applications. However, conventional processors are inadequate for such real-time processing since they are not designed primarily to perform repetitive operations on a large amount of data. In this paper, we propose a new embedded system that performs motion-vision functions in real-time using a dedicated, integrated processor. By employing both conventional and a dedicated processor, we were able to design a motion-vision integrated system that is both efficient and versatile.

126    C. Cecati, F. Ciancetta, P. Siano, "A FPGA/fuzzy logic - Based multilevel inverter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 706 - 711 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper the authors present a H-bridge multilevel converter governed by an integrated fuzzy logic controller/modulator implemented using VHDL and FPGA. The general architecture of the system and its main performances are presented and discussed.

127    F. Moutinho, L. Gomes, "From models to controllers integrating graphical animation in FPGA through automatic code generation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 712 - 717 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This work aims to automatically generate process controllers' VHDL implementation code amenable to be deployed into a platform integrating graphical synoptic updating. These controllers will be implemented on FPGA based reconfigurable platforms, incorporating dedicated graphical interfaces and input/output interfaces allowing its physical connection to the process under control. The system controller behavior is modeled using IOPT Petri Nets models. A tool called Animator4FPGA was developed, which achieved this goal in cooperation with other tools developed within FORDESIGN project, namely an IOPT Petri nets graphical editor, the Animator tool, and an automatic code generation tool from Petri nets to VHDL code.

128    Y. Suansook, K. Paithoonwattanakij, "Dynamic of logistic model at fractional order ," ISIE 2009, pp. 718 - 723 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper we have obtain the generalized form of the logistic model to arbitrary order using fractional calculus. The model is explained the population growth. The discrete version of the model have important role in studying the chaotic dynamic. The fractional calculus is feasible to evaluate the differential and integral of non integer order. This mathematical subject is helping fine tune analysis the chaotic properties of the logistic model. The numerical results show the Lyapunov exponent at various fractional orders. The positive Lyapunov exponent is indicate that the system is chaotic at fractional order. The periodic solutions of half fractional order are also present.

129    Zheng Jinxin, Du Junping, "Automatic image parameter optimization Based on Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm ," ISIE 2009, pp. 724 - 728 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In automatic image mosaic, the problem of solving and optimizing the modeled image parameters is usually a least square problem. In this paper an approach to solve the image parameterization based on the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm is introduced. An appropriate camera parameterization model is firstly established, and the problem of optimization against the parameters is turned into a least square problem of the projection error between images, which solves registering all the images. Finally the images are rendered with their parameters to a spherical surface, where the linear blending and bi-linear interpolation are employed to render the images. The spherical surface is unfolded into a planar surface which gives the final mosaic result.

130    D. Aguilar, A. Luna, A. Rolan, G. Vazquez, G. Acevedo, "Modeling and simulation of synchronous machine and its behaviour against voltage sags ," ISIE 2009, pp. 729 - 733 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper studies the effects of voltage sags (dips), both symmetrical and unsymmetrical, on the three-phase synchronous machine (SM). The vast majority of the electrical power generation systems in the world is consist of synchronous generators coupled to the electrical network though a transformer. Voltage sags on SM cause speed variations, current and torque peaks and hence may cause tripping and equipment damage. The consequences of voltage sags in the machine behaviour depends on different factors such as its magnitude (or depth), duration and initial point-on-wave, and also on the parameters of the machine. In this study, three machines of different nominal power have been used for simulate on MATLAB the effects of the voltage sags on the machine under specific conditions.

131    A. Rolan, A. Luna, G. Vazquez, D. Aguilar, G. Azevedo, "Modeling of a variable speed wind turbine with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator ," ISIE 2009, pp. 734 - 739 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The aim of this work is to analyze a typical configuration of a wind turbine generator system (WTGS) equipped with a variable speed generator. Nowadays, doubly-fed induction generators are being widely used on WTGS, although synchronous generators are being extensively utilized too. There are different types of synchronous generators, but the multi-pole permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) is chosen in order to obtain its model. It offers better performance due to higher efficiency and less maintenance since it does not have rotor current and can be used without a gearbox, which also implies a reduction of the weight of the nacelle and a reduction of costs. Apart from the generator, the analyzed WTGS consists of another three parts: wind speed, wind turbine and drive train. These elements have been modeled and the equations that explain their behavior have been introduced. What is more, the whole WTGS has been implemented in MATLAB/Simulink interface. Moreover, the concept of the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) has been presented in terms of the adjustment of the generator rotor speed according to instantaneous wind speed.

132    K. Tanaka, "DC voltage control in DC feeding systems with using SOFC ," ISIE 2009, pp. 740 - 745 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Recently, dispersed generators have been installed in distribution network to supply power to commercial facilities. Renewable energy generation contains output power fluctuations and distributed generator produces sluggish response for power demand. In order to overcome these problems, an ultracapacitor energy storage system are used for compensation instantaneous power imbalance. However, it needs large capacity of ultracapacitor energy system resulting for the increasing facility cost. This paper proposes the control system to achieve both DC voltage control and remaining storage energy control of the ultracapacitor by using detailed fuel cell model and ultracapacitor in DC feeding systems. The effectiveness of the proposed control system is verified by using MATLABreg.

133    Yan Xu, "A modified spatial fuzzy clustering method based on texture analysis for ultrasound image segmentation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 746 - 751 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Ultrasound image segmentation is challenging due to the interference from speckle noise and fuzziness of boundaries. In this paper, we propose a segmentation scheme using fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering incorporating spatial information based on intensity and texture of images. Firstly, the nonlinear structure tensor, which helps to refine the edges detected by intensity, is used to extract speckle texture. And then, a spatial FCM clustering method is applied on the image feature space for segmentation. In the experiments with simulated and clinical ultrasound images, the proposed method can get more accurate results than the conventional FCM and other segmentation methods.

134    Il Young Song, Ha Ryong Song, V. Shin, "Distributed receding horizon prediction in linear multisensor stochastic systems ," ISIE 2009, pp. 752 - 757 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper is concerned with distributed receding horizon prediction for continuous-time linear stochastic systems with multiple sensors. A distributed fusion with the weighted sum structure is applied to the optimal local receding horizon predictors. The distributed prediction algorithm represents the optimal linear fusion by weighting matrices under the minimum mean square criterion. The algorithm has the parallel structure and allows parallel processing of observations making it reliable since the rest faultless sensors can continue to the fusion estimation if some sensors occur faulty. The derivation of equations for error cross-covariances between the local predictors is the key of this paper. Example demonstrates effectiveness of the distributed receding horizon predictor.

135    S. Bharath, K.A. Narayanankutty, "A pulse transmission model for ECG by complex valued signal analysis using wavelets ," ISIE 2009, pp. 758 - 762 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In ECG based medical interpretation systems, the knowledge of the cardiac signal propagation, corresponding muscle potential and respective spatial distribution is of great importance. In this paper we have converted the real-valued ECG signals into complex-valued signals using Hilbert Transform and obtained the continuous wavelet transform (CWT) of this signal. The time localizations and energy centers in the CWT can be used to predict the basic origin of the signal, unlike in real-valued correlation techniques. The concepts derived from this method are used in identification of the possible origins of the signals in the heart, through an inverse system identification procedure. The results show that this would be a potential tool for interpreting ECG based diagnosis.

136    Qingyong Li, Weitao Lu, "Keypoint based moment invariants descriptor for ground-based cloud image retrieval ," ISIE 2009, pp. 763 - 768 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: How to retrieve cloud images from a large cloud image collection becomes an emergent and challenging problem in meteorological area because of the fast accumulation of digital cloud images and the need of cloud automatic observation. This paper aims to address the problem of cloud image retrieval (CIR), which will promote the intelligence of sky imager instruments and help the researchers of meteorology to index and retrieve cloud image. We put forward the keypoint based moment invariants (KeBaMI) descriptor in the framework of CIR. KeBaMI depicts the cloud shape feature with statistical moment invariants based on keypoint, rather than on boundary in traditional approach. Furthermore, we implement the prototype of CIR with KeBaMI. Our experiment results show that KeBaMI is significantly superior over traditional edge based moment invariants descriptor.

137    Lin Jie, Luo Siwei, Li Qingyong, Zhang Hanqing, Ren Shengwei, "Real-time rail head surface defect detection: A geometrical approach ," ISIE 2009, pp. 769 - 774 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Rail head surface defect detection is a major issue for rail maintenance, which is mainly used to avoid railway accidents due to rail track failures. The aim of this paper is to present a new vision based inspection technique for detecting special Rolling Contact Fatigue (RCF) defects that particularly occur on rail head surface, meanwhile, an automatic detecting system is implemented, which consists of pre-processing, defect locating, defect identifying and post-processing subsystems. To realize the defect locating sub-procedure, a simple and fast algorithm has been proposed, which adopts geometrical analysis directly on a gray-level histogram curve (the first-order statistical texture property) of the smoothed rail head surface image. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm has a higher precision and is more suitable than the baseline method for real-time rail head surface defect detection application.

138    Fan-Chei Cheng, Yu-Kumg Chen, "A new approach of image segmentation based on gray-level clustering ," ISIE 2009, pp. 775 - 778 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Gray-level clustering is an important procedure in image processing, which reduces the gray-level of an image. In order to display an image with high gray level in a screen with lower gray level, a good gray-level clustering algorithm is necessary to complete this job. Based on the mean value and standard deviation of histogram within a sub-interval, a novel recursive algorithm for solving the gray-level reduction is proposed in this paper. It divides the sub-interval recursively until the difference between original image and clustered image within a given threshold. Experiments are carried out for some samples with high gray level to demonstrate the computational advantage of the proposed method.

139    C. Jeong, Jinwoo Yoo, PooGyeon Park, "A defect inspection method for TFT panel using the compute unified device architecture (CUDA) ," ISIE 2009, pp. 779 - 782 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a parallel algorithm to inspect defects of thin film transistor liquid crystal displays (TFT-LCD) panel is presented. The algorithm is implemented on a graphics processing unit (GPU) using the compute unified device architecture (CUDA) development environment. The result shows better performance compared to the one implemented on a CPU.

140    Eun Cheol Kim, Jin Young Kim, "Ternary sequence based OFDM frame synchronization and frequency offset compensation scheme in wireless communication channels ," ISIE 2009, pp. 783 - 788 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, we present and analyze efficient frame synchronization and frequency offset compensation scheme with ternary sequences for an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) system in Rayleigh fading channels. Frame synchronization is an essential procedure for normal operation of the OFDM system because of sensitivity to synchronization errors. And when there are frequency offsets in OFDM frame, the loss of orthogonality occurs and the interference problem among several subcarriers is introduced. These fact leads to the requirement for joint implementation of the frame synchronization and frequency offset compensation. In order to enhance the frame synchronization and frequency offset compensation performances, we add a ternary sequence to OFDM signals in the time domain. The power level of the ternary sequence to be added needs to be low enough in order not to affect a normal operation of the OFDM system. The objective can be achieved successfully based on the correlation characteristics of the ternary sequence.

141    Yanqiu Bi, Jianguo Zhao, Lin Jiang, Dahai Zhang, Rongfang He, "Faulty feeder detection of single-phase-to-ground network using improved morphological hybrid filter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 789 - 794 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Detection of single-phase-to-ground fault is a difficult task in power distribution network, especially in the Peterson-coil-grounded system, as the fault current is too small to be evaluated and the noise make it be difficult to extract the fault signal. In this paper, an improved hybrid filter (IHF) based on mathematical morphology (MM) is proposed to detect the faulty feeder in single-phase-to-ground network. Comparison studies with other MM-based filters show that the IHF has best performance of noise elimination. After the zero-sequence fault current is processed using IHF, the faulty feeder is detected by using the criterion of amplitude and phase. The proposed IHF can avoid the wave shift efficiently and is also good at removing the noise. The simulation results validate the merits and the effectiveness of the scheme.

142    Eun Cheol Kim, Jin Young Kim, "Iterative decoding for space time block coded PPM-TH UWB systems ," ISIE 2009, pp. 795 - 799 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, we analyze and simulate the iterative decoding performance of space time block coded (STBC) pulse position modulation-time hopping (PPM-TH) ultra-wideband (UWB) systems in indoor environments. The indoor wireless channel is modeled as a modified Saleh and Valenzuela (SV) channel, which is proposed as a UWB indoor channel model by IEEE 802.15.SG3a. In order to reduce the iterative decoding complexity, Max-Log-MAP algorithm is employed. The performance is evaluated in terms of bit error probability (BEP). From simulation results, it is shown that the double binary turbo coding scheme offers considerable coding gain compared with an uncoded system according as the number of iterations increases.

143    Gin-Der Wu, Zhen-Wei Zhu, "FFT-based daul-ALU processor for speech enhancement ," ISIE 2009, pp. 800 - 803 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Speech enhancement is very important in the application of speech recognition and communication. To implement it, a FFT-based dual-ALU processor by using hardware-software codesign is proposed in this paper. For the consideration of computation load, the speech enhancement adopts spectral subtraction method to reduce the influence of noise. In this case, FFT occupies most of the computation load. To reduce the computation load and power consumption, we proposed radix-2 pipeline FFT architecture. Based on this FFT, the spectrum analysis can be efficiently applied. Then we proposed a dual-ALU processor to implement the spectral subtraction. This dual-ALU architecture can provide parallel calculation capability. Besides, the area of the second ALU is only half of the first ALU. The design has been fabricated in the total area of 2.82 mm times 2.82 mm by using TSMC 0.13 mum 1P8M CMOS technology.

144    Wang Jin, Tang Bin-bin, Piao Chang-hao, Lei Gai-hui, "Statistical method-based evolvable character recognition system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 804 - 808 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A novel character recognition system is proposed in this paper. By using the virtual reconfigurable architecture-based evolvable hardware, a series of recognition systems are evolved. To improve the recognition accuracy of the proposed systems, a statistical pattern recognition-inspired methodology is introduced. The performance of the proposed method is evaluated on the recognition of characters with different levels of noise. The experimental results show that the proposed statistical pattern recognition-based scheme significantly outperforms the traditional approach in terms of character recognition accuracy. For 1-bit noise, the recognition accuracy is increased from 84.8% to 96.7%. For 5-bit noise, the proposed system achieves a recognition accuracy of 84%.

145    K.I. Hwu, Y.H. Chen, "Bidirectional control of inverse KY converter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 809 - 812 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: An inverse KY converter, derived from the KY converter, is proposed herein. And such a converter can be used as a bidirectional converter, whose operating modes are classified into two modes. One is the buck mode and the other is the boost mode. This converter can operate stably between these two modes. In this paper, the detailed illustration of the basic operating principles of the proposed topology is given, along with experimental results to verify its effectiveness.

146    Huang Kewei, Li Jie, Fan Ningjun, Li Yuebin, Hu Xiaolin, Wu Luo, "Modeling analysis and simulation of high-voltage flyback DC-DC converter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 813 - 818 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Based on the mechanism that the primary and secondary currents of flyback converter do not appear at the same time, two different equivalent models of flyback transformer are brought forward correspondingly. Stage by stage analysis of the working process of both continuous conduction mode(CCM) and discontinuous conduction mode(DCM) is presented by using appropriate transformer equivalent model in different stages. The presented transformer equivalent models can be used for theoretical calculation as well as PSpice simulation. Simulation results of a real converter are given in the analysis. Experimental waveforms are compared with the analysis to show the correctness of the modeling and analysis.

147    B.-R. Lin, H.-K. Chiang, C.-Y. Tung, C.-Y. Cheng, "Implementation of an interleaved ZVS boost-type converter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 819 - 824 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: An interleaved zero voltage switching (ZVS) converter with less component count and boost voltage conversion ratio is presented. The output voltage doubler is used on the output side to achieve the boost type of voltage conversion ratio. The proposed converter includes two active-clamping converters with common clamp capacitor to share load current. By the shared capacitor, the charge balance of two interleaved parts is automatically regulated under input voltage and load variations. The ZVS turn-on of all switching devices is achieved during the transition interval. The interleaved pulse-width modulation (PWM) operation will reduce the ripple current and the size of the output capacitor. The proposed circuit has no large output inductor such that the adopted circuit has simpler structure, lower cost and no effective duty loss. The voltage stresses on output diodes are clamped at the output voltage. The circuit configuration, operation principles and design consideration are presented. Finally experimental results based on a 425 W (170 V/2.5 A) prototype are provided to verify the effectiveness of the proposed converter.

148    Bo Zhang, An Xiang, "A novel type of current-fed push-pull ZVS DC/DC converter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 825 - 830 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The paper introduces a current-fed push-pull ZVS DC-DC converter topology which has some superiority in low voltage and high current situation. Compare with the traditional converter used in fuel cell power generation system, this new one can reduce the semiconductor switching losses and switching noise effectively, so a higher efficiency of the circuit conversion is obtained and the EMI noise is reduced. The analysis of its operation principle in steady-state is expounded in detail. The converter loss is calculated and the efficiency in theory is given. Then the simulation results and experiment results prove that both the analysis of operation principle and the efficiency in theory are correct. Finally the converter is manufactured and the final experiment result is given in the paper.

149    P. Stumpf, R.K. Jardan, I. Nagy, "Avoiding dangerous overspeed in ultrahighspeed turbine-generator set applied for waste and renewable energy recovery ," ISIE 2009, pp. 831 - 836 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The paper is concerned with the study of a nonlinear speed control loop of an ultrahighspeed turbine-generator set applied in waste and renewable energy recovery system. The target of the study is to compare two speed control configurations and to select one configuration and its optimum control parameters on the basis of a series of systematic simulation investigations. Large signal transient responses had to be investigated beside the small signal analysis due to the strong nonlinearity of the induction generator.

150    Zhang Chunyang, Shi Jingzhuo, Liu Bo, "Analysis of the push-pull convertor used in ultrasonic motor drive ," ISIE 2009, pp. 843 - 846 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The push-pull convertor is widely used in ultrasonic motor drive as a DC/AC step-up convertor. In this application, the load of the convertor is the LC series compensation circuit in general. Because the operation mode is different from the traditional DC/DC applications, and also because of the non-linearity of the load, the push-pull convertor used in ultrasonic motor drive has more complex operation. This paper analyzes its operation in detail. The analysis will help to make right design of the convertor, and also will help to understand the non-linearity of ultrasonic motor driving unit.

151    M. Divandari, R. Brazamini, A. Dadpour, M. Jazaeri, "A novel dynamic observer and torque ripple minimization via fuzzy logic for SRM drives ," ISIE 2009, pp. 847 - 852 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a high performance switched reluctance motor (SRM) drive based on dynamic observer. The dynamic observer estimates the rotor position and speed for wide speed range. As well, observer gains online will be corrected by using fuzzy logic hybrid algorithm (FLHA) with concern of estimation errors. In addition, a fuzzy logic current compensator (FLCC) for reducing torque ripple has been presented. In the regions that torque reduces, the FLCC, inject additional current for each phase currents. This drive has been simulated with Matlab/Simulink for nonlinear model of SRM. Simulation results show that proposed drive will estimate the rotor position and speed with high precision for all speeds (near zero speeds up to rated speed). Also, FLCC minimize the torque ripple and reduce speed estimation error, too. This drive has the advantages of robustness, high reliability and excellent performance at steady state.

152    Jeongyun Cheong, Wesub Eom, Jangmyung Lee, "Cornering stability improvement for 4 wheel drive hybrid electric vehicle ," ISIE 2009, pp. 853 - 858 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Cornering stability of 4 wheel drive hybrid electric vehicle has been analyzed and improved, where the front motor and the rear motors are used to drive the vehicle. For the control of the motors, a model reference sliding mode controller is designed to generate the additional yaw moment for the vehicle. The algorithms for the motor driving and the yaw rate control for the 4 wheel drive hybrid electric vehicle have been developed considering the cornering stability based on the reference model for the vehicle. The reference model is described by the two degree of freedom vehicle dynamic state equations. Performance of the vehicle stability control algorithm is evaluated using ADAMS and MATLAB Simulink programs.

153    W. Kongnun, A. Sangswang, S. Chotigo, "Design of a cascaded H-bridge converter for insulation testing ," ISIE 2009, pp. 859 - 863 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper describes a design of a cascaded H-bridge converter for insulation testing of the crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE) cable. This high voltage generator produces a sinusoidal waveform at a very low frequency (VLF) of 0.1 Hz. The design of the cascaded H-bridge converter consists of two main parts, a modulation unit and a switching unit. The modulation unit compares the 0.1 Hz reference sinusoidal waveform with the 10 kHz of carrier waveform. The switching unit consists of 6 H-bridge modules using phase disposition (PD) multicarrier modulation scheme to generate 13 levels of PWM signals. The cascaded H-bridge converter can covert the high voltage direct current (HVDC) to multilevel step-pulse signals and change to the sinusoidal waveform at 0.1 Hz by the low-pass filter. The use of multilevel H-bridge converter helps reduce the total harmonic distortion (THD) from single level H-bridge converters. The experimental results show that the THD value is less than 5% complied to the IEEE 400.2 standards.

154    Y.N. Chang, C.C. Hung, S.C. Tung, Sun-Yu Chan, "Auto mixed light for RGB LED backlight module ," ISIE 2009, pp. 864 - 869 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: To prevent the output white light from being experienced with color deviation due to temperature effect on the performance of light-emitting diode (LED), a mixed-light control module is developed, by integrating programmable system on chip (PSoC) with photo-diode sensor devices, to examine the ambient temperature and feedback voltage level of RGB photodiodes. Also, a mixing light color criterion of RGB LED is applied on the mixed-light control module. Through the usage of mixing light color criterion of RGB LED, the corresponding duty cycle of RGB LED can be adjusted, and the stable white light output can, consequently, be achieved. By the feedback compensation of mixed-light control module the CIE1931 xy coordinates of output light are in good agreement with the predicted results.

155    Chien-Lung Cheng, Jim-Chwen Yeh, Shyi-Ching Chern, Zheng-Jun Chen, "A simple design and implementation of LED director with solar-power ," ISIE 2009, pp. 870 - 873 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a LED director based on solar-power is developed for education purpose. The solar energy is converted to fixed output voltage to charge battery and drive LED matrix. A boost converter based on PWM controller AIC1630, is used to step up solar voltage. The sign pattern of LED is set and controlled by chip EM78M447SB. Two charging modes, including constant current mode and fixed voltage mode, are applied to charge of battery. Therefore, a shorter charging time and good life-time is reachable. The LED director is useful and convenient by experiment.

156    D. Siemaszko, C. Rod, A.C. Rufer, "Controlled resonant circuit with commutated capacitors using self-switching power devices ," ISIE 2009, pp. 874 - 879 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a preliminary work on a resonant circuit, also called AC-dipole. The resonance frequency of the circuit is changed by the mean of a variable capacitor connecting an inductor. For this purpose, a bank of switched capacitors of different values are connected to the main circuit through bidirectional switches. An experimental validation of the principle is performed on a resonant circuit containing two precharged capacitors. The switches are implemented with close-control driver circuits, allowing zero-voltage and zero-current switching by the mean of both current and voltage polarity measurement. In order to maintain the magnitude of oscillations in the circuit, a regulating system is proposed with its simulation.

157    Chang-Hua Lin, Min-Hsuan Hung, Chien-Ming Wang, Cheng-Chen Yang, "High voltage pulse generator with energy recovery circuit for driving CNT field emission lamp ," ISIE 2009, pp. 880 - 884 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A flyback converter incorporating an energy recovery circuit is proposed to generate high voltage pulses for driving carbon nanotube field emission lamp (CNT-FEL). The employed energy recovery circuit will not only eliminate the arcing phenomenon caused by traditional DC driving, but also recover the excess energy to DC bus so as to improve the system efficiency. In this paper, we construct an equivalent model of the CNT-FEL to exhibit its electric characteristics. Moreover, the mathematical models of each operation mode are also derived. And then a complete design considerations and mathematical model are detailed. All the experimental results agree with the computer simulations to verify the theoretical predictions.

158    A. Martinez, E. Oyarbide, F.J. Perez, E. Laloya, B. Martin, S. Mendez, C.E. Montano, J.E. Vicua, "Cost-effective electronics for AC switched reluctance generators loading batteries ," ISIE 2009, pp. 880 - 884 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, the Switched Reluctance Machine (SRM) is used as an AC generator. Power management requires circuit schemes based on well-known rectifiers which are shown and discussed. The aim of the circuits is to load a battery bank. As the operating conditions of the generator are associated with rotor speed, the topologies shown allow the generator to work in optimum conditions from the point of view of power capacity. The system generates at variable rotor speed and if the prime mover is a windmill, the optimum conditions referred to extract the maximum power available at each speed. This system tries to provide competitive solutions for alternatives to small generators based on permanent magnet machines.

159    Jinsoo Jeong, "Analysis of inverse kepstrum and innovations-based application to noise cancellation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 890 - 896 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents analysis of inverse kepstrum (known elsewhere as complex cepstrum) and its application technique to two-microphone adaptive noise canceling structure. It is based on identification of one acoustic path transfer function from the ratio of two acoustic transfer functions and the estimator results are implemented in an innovations-based form. The method uses that the front-end inverse kepstrum estimates a denominator polynomial from the ratio of two acoustic path transfer functions between two microphones and then the cascaded adaptive FIR filter estimates the remaining numerator polynomial. It is applied to conventional adaptive noise canceling structure to achieve an improved performance in noise cancellation with an efficient processing technique. As a result, it will be shown that the front-end inverse kepstrum gives rise to computational simplicity, therefore could be applied to any noise cancelling method in a real-time processing.

160    Eun Cheol Kim, Jin Young Kim, "OFDM based power line communication system with double binary turbo coding scheme ," ISIE 2009, pp. 897 - 902 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, performance of double binary turbo coded orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) system is analyzed and simulated in power line communications (PLC) channel. In order to make power line channel environments, Bernoulli-Gaussian noise is considered. The performance is evaluated in terms of bit error probability. From the simulation results, it is demonstrated that the double binary turbo coding scheme offers considerable coding gain with reasonable encoding complexity. It is also shown that the system performance can be substantially improved by increasing the number of iterations.

161    G.J. Dolecek, F. Harris, "On design of two-stage CIC compensation filter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 903 - 908 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents the compensation filter design for the two-stage CIC decimation filter. The goal is twofold: to avoid the integrator section at high input rate and obtain a low wideband passband droop of the overall filter. To this end the decimation is split into two stages with the cascaded less order RRS filters at each stage. The first stage can be implemented either in non recursive form or using the polyphase decomposition. The simple compensation filter and the sharpening are applied to the second section where RRS filter is implemented as a CIC filter. The resulting structure is a multiplierless and with no integrators at high input rate. Additionally, the structure exhibits a low passband droop and a high stopband attenuation.

162    Chunlei Xia, Yan Li, Tae-Soo Chon, Jang-Myung Lee, "A stereo vision based method for autonomous spray of pesticides to plant leaves ," ISIE 2009, pp. 909 - 914 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a 3D leaf position measurement method based on stereo vision is proposed for guidance of an autonomous spray robot. A binocular stereo vision system is constructed by a single camera, which can move up and down on the vertical arm of the robot. With this vision system, a disparity map that contains the depth information of the plant leaves are calculated from the acquired image pairs firstly. Disparity map is a mid-step of 3D reconstruction and describes the relative changing depth and contour of the object surface. After processing the disparity map, leaves are segmented and their depth regarding local camera coordinates could be measured. However, camera coordinates does not provide complete 3D information for autonomous spray. The measured results from the local camera coordinates were further converted to the robot coordinates that are uniform for the robot control. The experimental data carried out with simple-shaped leaves were evaluated with the results from the proposed method.

163    N. Sudha, A.R. Mohan, "Hardware directed fast eigenface based face detection algorithm using FFT ," ISIE 2009, pp. 915 - 919 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper describes a hardware oriented algorithm for eigenface based face detection using FFT. Eigenfaces have long been used for face detection and recognition and are known to give reasonably good results. But, the distance from face space is not a completely reliable measure to detect faces. We have derived the FFT-based computation of distance measure which facilitates hardware implementation and fast face detection. We have also extended the face detection framework by training with the whole face as well as other facial features like eyes, mouth etc. separately. The basis eigen vectors are obtained for face features and by combining the distance measure obtained in each case separately, better classification is obtained.

164    Yan Li, Chunlei Xia, Jangmyung Lee, "Vision-based pest detection and automatic spray of greenhouse plant ," ISIE 2009, pp. 920 - 925 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes a new method of pest detection and positioning based on binocular stereo to get the location information of pest, which is used for guiding the robot to spray the pesticides automatically. The production of agricultural cultivation in greenhouse requires of big quantities of pesticides for pest control. Pesticides application is a major component of plant production costs in greenhouse, and the excess in their applications have a great negative impact on the environment. A pesticide application is ideal if the spraying coverage is presented as evenly distributed over the whole plant canopy and, if the product application is correctly adjusted for minimizing the losses towards the soil or the environment. In this approach, the difference of color features between pest and plant leaves is extracted by the image segmentation to identify pest. According to the results of image segmentation and binocular stereo vision technique, the 3D position of the pest has been obtained. In the process of position locating, centroid-matching technique is adopted to displace the common object-matching. The formula based on binocular stereo vision to measure distance is revised, additionally.

165    Yi Zhang, Guolian Hou, Yuanyuan Li, Jingang Xu, "Sensor and actuator fault detection and diagnosis based on morphology-wavelet ," ISIE 2009, pp. 926 - 931 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The paper described a structure of three modules diagnosis system for detecting and identifying faults that occur in the sensor and actuator of control systems with input and output signals related to the component itself. The diagnosis algorithm consists of three steps; firstly, generalized morphological filter with multi-structure elements is designed to filter the random noise and impulse noise in sensor's and actuator's input and output signals. And secondly, wavelet transform, which has been proposed for sensor's fault diagnosis some years ago, is developed for control system (sensor and actuator). To effectively extract the abruptly fault characteristic, a wavelet transform was used to analyze the filtered signals in this paper. By the multi resolution analyzing (MRA), the faults can be detected accurately. Thirdly, according to calculating the Lipschitz exponent (LE) at the fault's point, the fault type can be identified. The super-heated temperature control system has been studied. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is demonstrated by the means of experimental results and simulations.

166    P. Marino, F.P. Fontan, M.A. Dominguez, S. Otero, "Wireless network implementation for viticulture information systems ," ISIE 2009, pp. 932 - 936 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Biological research in agriculture needs a lot of specialized electronic sensors in order to fulfill different goals, like as: climate monitoring, soil and fruit assessment, control of insects and diseases, chemical pollutants, identification and control of weeds, crop tracking, and so on. That research must be supported by consistent biological models able to simulate diverse environmental conditions, in order to predict the right human actions before risky biological damage could be irreversible. In this paper an experimental distributed network based on climatic and biological wireless sensors is described, for providing real measurements in order to validate different biological models used for viticulture applications. First, the experimental network for field automatic data acquisition is introduced, as a system based in a distributed process. Following, the design of the wireless network is explained in detail, with a previous discussion about the state-of-the-art, and some measurements for viticulture research are pointed out. Finally future developments are stated.

167    Shi Yunbo, Zhang Qiong, Li Junhong, Tong Xiaogang, Ma Zongmin, Liu Jun, "Study on MEMS tunneling effect gyroscope ," ISIE 2009, pp. 937 - 941 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A new structure of tunneling gyroscope which is high-accuracy and low-range was presented in this paper, as well as the structure and the operating principles of this gyroscope were analyzed. Besides, the simulations were made in this paper which is close to the principle. Then the structure was fabricated by MEMS technological processes. And its tunneling effect was tested by HP4156C high precise semiconductor parameter test instrumentation, there is linear relationship between the square of drive voltage and the logarithm of tunneling current through the test results, so it shows that the tunneling current is validate.

168    Yan Zhou, Jianxun Li, Dongli Wang, "Collaborative target tracking in wireless sensor networks using quantized innovations and Sigma-Point Kalman Filtering ," ISIE 2009, pp. 942 - 947 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The decentralized collaborative target tracking problem in wireless sensor network (WSN) is investigated in the fusion of quantized innovations perspective. A hierarchical fusion structure with feedback from the fusion center (FC) to each deployed sensor is proposed for tracking a target with nonlinear Gaussian dynamics. Probabilistic quantization strategy is employed in the local sensor node to quantize the innovation. After the FC received the quantized innovations, it estimates the state of the target using the sigma-point kalman filtering (SPKF). To attack the energy/power source and communication bandwidth constraints, we consider the tradeoff between the communication energy and the global tracking accuracy. A closed-form solution to the optimization problem for bandwidth scheduling is given, where the total energy consumption measure is minimized subject to a constraint on the covariance of the quantization noises. Simulation results illustrate that the proposed scheme obtains average percentage of communication energy saving up to 40.8% compared with the uniform quantization, while keeping tracking accuracy very closely to the clairvoyant SPKF even when the latter relies on analog-amplitude measurements.

169    S. Ibrir, "Simultaneous fault and state estimation in time-delay nonlinear systems having triangular form ," ISIE 2009, pp. 948 - 953 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper investigates the problem of simultaneous fault and state estimation of either bounded state or globally Lipschtiz nonlinear systems subject to time delay and unknown input. We assume that the system has a triangular structure and the fault is a scalar and polynomial time dependent function. Based on the Lyapunov analysis method, we show that the observer design is related to neither delay dependent nor delay independent conditions, irrespective of the size of the delay. Simulation results along with a proof of convergence of the observer are given to highlight the efficacy of the proposed design.

170    Pan Hongxia, Guo Yanqing, "Automatic control of deep-hole chrome-plated system basing on WinCC ," ISIE 2009, pp. 954 - 959 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Aim at the drawback of original chrome-plated system and the demand of modified control system, while retaining the original manual control mode, in this paper, SIMENS configuration software WinCC and S7-300 series PLC as well as the original system's automatic equipment are proposed to compose the DCS system, having realized the automation of the entire electroplated production process, and at the same time system remote monitoring function is added to ensure that the entire production process can be carried out smoothly. In this system, PC configuration software mainly completes the function of data acquisition, history database management, parameter setting of production process, simulation display of production scene, warning, report form and printing. Modified system has realized dual-process running simultaneously and automatic control of all the electroplated power supply and temperature of the key slot. Feasibility of the control plan has been confirmed through experimental data. The system has been applied to practice, and since trial operation of the system, the product has been completely qualified and received high praise from the users.

171    Seung-Ki Min, Suk-Hyun Seo, Jin-Ho Kim, Key Ho Kwon, Sung-Ho Hwang, Jae Wook Jeon, "A creative engineering design course for freshman using LEGO robots ," ISIE 2009, pp. 960 - 965 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: High-quality courses offered to freshman engineering students can help them to develop into excellent engineers. Freshman-year courses have a great impact on these students. Students can learn what real engineers do by learning important aspects of an engineering career in their courses. Thus, improving the educational effect of courses is an important issue. Many design courses are offered to freshman engineering students at colleges around the world. This paper discusses a design course at SungKyunKwan University that uses LEGO. The course was offered from 2006 to 2008, and will be again in the future. This paper discusses a project-based course using LEGO that will be carried out in 2009 and its expected educational effects.

172    Yunhao Jiang, Weiming Ma, Zhihua Zhao, "Analysis of adaptive interference cancellation system with limiter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 966 - 970 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The interference cancellation ratio (ICR) is influenced by the zero offsets of the devices in the weight branches. The gains in weight branches are moved to error feedback loop to guarantee ICR without influencing the convergence speed. The limiter is used to protect the multipliers thus the system becomes a nonlinear system. Through the describing function method and simulation, the stability, dynamic characteristics and steady-state characteristics are analyzed. With limiter, the stability of the system is uninfluenced. The steady-state characteristics are related with the parameters of limiter, the gain, the time constant of the low-pass and the amplitude of the signal. The convergence speed will decrease under the conditions of under damping and critical damping. If system is over-damped, the initial gain determines the growth of convergence speed. In this paper, a criterion to judge whether steady-state characteristics varies and the proper rule to increase the convergence speed with over damping are obtained.

173    Pang Chen-peng, Liu Zao-zhen, "Bridging GPS outages of tightly coupled GPS/SINS based on the Adaptive Track Fusion using RBF neural network ," ISIE 2009, pp. 971 - 976 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The tightly-coupled GPS/SINS integrated navigation system based on the adaptive multi-sensor track fusion algorithm utilizes the adaptive track fusion algorithm to fuse the output of the GPS/SINS Kalman filter and GPS Kalman filter. In case the GPS outages occur, accuracy of the system will be degraded rapidly due to the lack of measurements of the two Kalman filters. An algorithm of bridging GPS outages using radial basis function neural network is presented to improve accuracy of the navigation system during the GPS outages. This method uses radial basis function neural network to predict measurement of GPS/SINS Kalman filter during GPS outages in order to ensure the regular operation of the filter, resulting in reliable performance of the system. The performance of the method proposed is examined using intentionally introduced GPS outages and the mathematic simulation results have shown that the method proposed outperforms the navigation system without the neural network.

174    C. Ayiz, S. Kucuk, "The kinematics of industrial robot manipulators based on the exponential rotational matrices ," ISIE 2009, pp. 977 - 982 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Formulating the suitable mathematical models and deriving the efficient algorithms are very crucial for simplifying the complexity of the kinematics problems in robotics. Forward and inverse kinematics of industrial robot manipulators is generally performed using Denevit and Hartenberg method. In this paper, the algebra based on the exponential rotational matrices is used as an alternative method for driving the direct and inverse kinematics of the 6-DOF industrial robot manipulators with Euler wrist. The main advantage of this method arises from the explicit physical interpretation of the mechanism without deriving DH table. The exponential rotational matrices can also be easily implemented in the programming of robot manipulators. The RS and NS robot manipulators are given as examples to demonstrate the effectiveness of the employed method.

175    Yo-An Lim, Chang Gyu Lee, Jong-Phil Kim, J. Ryu, "Stable haptic interaction for AFM-based nanomanipulation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 983 - 988 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper addresses stable haptic interaction for AFM (atomic force microscope)-based nanomanipulation. The EBA (energy-bounding algorithm), a passivity-based haptic control algorithm, is modified to include the scaling factors in the scaled bilateral teleoperation, and a commercial AFM is revised to be used as a nanomanipulation system with a 1-DOF custom-built haptic interface. Preliminary experiments show that the modified EBA can maintain stability during the interaction between an AFM probe and the surface of a sample for any force scaling factors.

176    Sehoon Oh, T. Koyanagi, Y. Hori, "Stiffness direction stabilization and inertia matrix diagonalization of robot manipulator by biarticular muscle ," ISIE 2009, pp. 989 - 994 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper suggests two advantages of the biarticular muscle which has been said to play an important role in human's motion control; one is stiffness direction stabilization of an end effector which results in stabilization of the posture, and the other is inertia matrix diagonalization in the dynamics of a robot manipulator. In order to analyze these characteristics, we adopt three-pair six-muscle model of human arm including biarticular muscles and derive simple relationship between an endpoint force/position and three muscle torques based on the absolute angle of two joints. Based on the derived equation, the relationship between the stiffness in the workspace and in the muscle torque space is calculated and the direction of stiffness that can be enhanced by the biarticular muscle is revealed. Finally, we suggest a new dynamics of the planar robot manipulator with three muscle torque input where the inertia matrix is diagonalized.

177    Changhyun Cho, Youngho Lee, Munsang Kim, "Underactuated hand with passive adaptation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 995 - 1000 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes an underactuated hand with passive adaptation. Although a passively adaptable hand can grasp an object reliably, most hands with passive adaptation can perform only the power grip due to their power transmitting mechanism. In real applications, however, various poses for grasping are necessary and an active control of fingers with motors should be performed in some cases. To cope with these limitations a 4-DOFs(degree of freedoms) hand with passive adaptation was developed. A wire-pulley mechanism was adopted to enable the passive adaptation and was verified with a 1-DOF hand. To enable both power and pinch grip two wire-pulley transmissions are equipped at the palm. Balancing motion is enabled by rotating the thumb in the normal direction to the palm. The hand can be spread out to grasp a large object. Various experiments have shown that reliable grasping can be obtained with the proposed hand.

178    K. Yoshida, T. Uchida, S. Oh, Y. Hori, "Experimental verification on novel robot arm equipped with bi-articular driving mechanism ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1001 - 1006 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper describes a novel design of robot arm and its experimental verification. The proposed robot arm has a bi-articular driving mechanism. The bi-articular driving mechanism drives both shoulder and elbow joints simultaneously like a bi-articular muscles of animals. The mechanism is built by timing belt and pulleys. The proposed robot arm mimics human upper arm with 3 DC motors working as three muscular pairs. First design and development of robot arm are described. Then several experiments verifies that the bi-articular driving mechanism can work on both two joints. Furthermore its redundant actuation system can work well, if any one actuator is removed.

179    Jeong Seob Kim, Seul Jung, "Joint control of ROBOKER arm using a neural chip embedded on FPGA ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1007 - 1012 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents implementation of a neural chip to proceed neural processing of the radial basis function (RBF) network. RBF network along with a primary PD controller is trained in on-line fashion. Radial basis function network processing is embedded on a field programmable gate array(FPGA) chip to achieve real-time control. To enable nonlinear function calculation, a floating point processor is designed to allow assembly programming for learning algorithm. Other necessary hardware modules for control purposes are also designed and implemented. A humanoid robot called the ROBOKER with two arms of 6 degrees-of-freedom each is controlled. Joint angles of the ROBOKER arms are controlled and tracking performances by the neural chip are compared with those by PD controllers.

180    Ji-Hwan Kim, Nguyen Duc Thang, Tae-Seong Kim, "3-D hand motion tracking and gesture recognition using a data glove ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1013 - 1018 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Hand motion tracking and gesture recognition are a fundamental technology in the field of proactive computing for a better human computer interaction system. In this paper, we have developed a 3-D hand motion tracking and gesture recognition system via a data glove (namely the KHU-1 data glove consisting of three tri-axis accelerometer sensors, one controller, and one Bluetooth). The KHU-1 data glove is capable of transmitting hand motion signals to a PC through wireless communication via Bluetooth. Also we have implemented a 3-D digital hand model for hand motion tracking and recognition. The implemented 3-D digital hand model is based on the kinematic chain theory utilizing ellipsoids and joints. Finally, we have utilized a rule-based algorithm to recognize simple hand gestures namely scissor, rock, and paper using the 3-D digital hand model and the KHU-1 data glove. Some preliminary experimental results are presented in this paper.

181    Kwang-Eun Ko, Kwee-Bo Sim, "Development of advanced Active Appearance Model for facial emotion recognition ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1019 - 1022 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: We addresses the issue of expressive face modeling using an advanced active appearance model for facial emotion recognition. We consider the six universal emotional categories that are defined by Ekman. In human face, emotions are most widely represented with eyes and mouth expression. If we want to recognize the human's emotion from this facial image, we need to extract feature points such as action unit(AU) of Ekman. active appearance model (AAM) is one of the commonly used methods for facial feature extraction and it can be applied to construct AU. Regarding the traditional AAM depends on the setting of the initial parameters of the model and this paper introduces a facial emotion recognizing method based on which is combined Advanced AAM with Bayesian network. Firstly, we obtain the reconstructive parameters of the new gray-scale image by sample-based learning and use them to reconstruct the shape and texture of the new image and calculate the initial parameters of the AAM by the reconstructed facial model. Then reduce the distance error between the model and the target contour by adjusting the parameters of the model. Finally get the model which is matched with the facial feature outline after several iterations and use them to recognize the facial emotion by using Bayesian Network.

182    Ba-Hai Nguyen, Jee-Hwan Ryu, "Direct current measurement based steer-by-wire systems for realistic driving feeling ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1023 - 1028 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a method to reproduce realistic driving feeling and improve the returnability of steer-by-wire systems (SBW) is proposed by measuring the roadwheel motor's current directly. The key contribution presented here is a novel method to recreate the driving feeling in term of force feedback with simple and cheap current sensors. A current sensor is used to fully measure the steering torque on the rack of steering mechanism. This measured steering torque therefore, includes the overall effects of road conditions, aligning moments, tire properties and so on. Beside that, a free control scheme is proposed to improve returnability as well as the handwheel stability in a free motion. Moreover, during this research, the significant frequency effect of handwheel motions was found. This effect could be useful and valuable for improving steer-by-wire development based on torque-map based method. This method is investigated with simulation results using the control design and simulation module in LabVIEW programming language. The simulated results show that this method offers a cheaper and simpler solution for the development of steer-by-wire systems. In addition, stability and returnability of handwheel in steer-by-wire systems could be improved.

183    Yong-Eun Kim, Dong-hyun Su, Jin-Gyun Chung, Xinming Huang, Chul-dong Lee, "Efficient sound source localization method using region selection ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1029 - 1034 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Sound source localization systems in service robot applications estimate the direction of a human voice. Time difference information obtained from a few separate microphones is widely used for the estimation of the sound direction. The cross-correlation function is computed in order to calculate the time difference between the two signals. Inverse cosine function is used when the position of the maximum correlation value is converted to an angle. Because of the nonlinear characteristic of inverse cosine function, the accuracy of the computed angle is varied depending on the position of the specific sound source. In this paper, we propose an efficient sound source localization method using region selection. By the proposed approach, the region from 0deg to 180deg is divided into three regions and only one of the three regions is selected such that the selected region corresponds to the linear part of the inverse cosine function. Only the selected region is used for the sound source localization. Thus considerable amount of computation time is saved and the accuracy of the computed angle is improved. By simulations, it is shown that the estimation error by the proposed method is only 31% of that of the conventional approach.

184    Byoung-Suk Choi, Ju-Jang Lee, "Mobile robot localization scheme based on RFID and sonar fusion system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1035 - 1040 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: We propose a novel algorithm for improved localization of the mobile robots by fusing RFID localization system and ultra-sonic sensors. Because there are uncertainties in previous RFID localization system, we are focusing on the sensor fusion system, which removes the uncertainty of the robot location using the distance measurements by ultra-sonic sensors. We divide into 2 parts, which are GPE (global position estimation) by RFID localization system and LEC (local environment cognition) by ultra-sonic sensor. The scheme to remove the uncertainty is proposed, which are the modeling about the measurement noise for RFID localization system and to estimate the straight obstacle and circular obstacle in well-structural indoor environment by the ultra-sonic sensors. The hierarchical localization algorithm is proposed to estimate the position of the mobile robot from GPE and LEC and for robust localization under the unknown indoor environment.

185    Jeehyun Goya Choe, Ju-Jang Lee, "Target-adjusted Kernel model for Mean-shift tracker ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1041 - 1045 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Kernel-based tracker shows robust performances in various object tracking technologies. Due to its robustness and accuracy, kernel-based tracker using mean-shift algorithm is regarded as one of the best ways to apply in object tracking technology in computer vision fields. However, it fails tracking when faced with a speedy object moving beyond its window size within one image frame interval time. These tracking failures are reduced with the use of target-adjusted kernel models proposed in this paper. Target-adjusted models are designed to reflect the target information that is collected during a sampling period. Same to the conventional kernel model in kernel-based object tracker, this model also contains the target information of both the color and the distance. Experimental results show that the time required for the calculations in tracking process is lessened so that causing less failure by applying this model. The target-adjusted model is designed to focus on the colors in the target object by using look-up tables. These look-up tables enable a system to reduce the size of the color bins in a model so that unnecessary trivial computations can be discarded.

186    L. Sentis, M. Mintz, A. Ayyagari, C. Battles, S. Ying, O. Khatib, "Large scale multi-robot coordination under network and geographical constraints ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1046 - 1053 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper addresses the problem of coordinating great numbers of vehicles in large geographical areas under network connective constraints. We leverage previous work on hierarchical potential fields to create advanced skills in multi-robot systems. Skills group together various field objectives to accomplish the performance requirements in response to highlevel commands. Our framework calculates trajectories that comply with priority constraints while optimizing the desired task objectives in their null spaces. We use a model-based dynamics approach that provides a direct map from field objectives to vehicle accelerations, yielding smooth and accurate trajectory generation. We develop a real-time software system that implements the proposed methods and simulates the coordinated behaviors in a 3D graphical environment. To validate the methodology, we simulate a large exploration task and demonstrate that we can effectively enforce the required constraints while optimizing the exploration goals.

187    In-Yong Seo, Ho-Cheol Shin, Moon-Ghu Park, "Signal validation based on PCSVR and EULM ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1054 - 1059 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In a nuclear power plant (NPP), periodic sensor calibrations are required to assure sensors are operating correctly. However, only a few faulty sensors are found to be calibrated. For the safe operation of an NPP and the reduction of unnecessary calibration, on-line calibration monitoring is needed. In the previous study, principal component-based auto-associative support vector regression (PCSVR) was proposed for the sensor signal validation of the NPP. In this paper the error uncertainty limit monitoring (EULM) is integrated with PCSVR for the failure detection. This paper describes the design of an AASVR-based sensor validation system for a power generation system. Response surface methodology (RSM) is employed to efficiently determine the optimal values of SVR hyperparameters. The residuals between the estimated signals and the measured signals are inputted to the EULM to detect whether the sensors are failed or not. The proposed sensor monitoring algorithm was verified through applications to the turbine 1st chamber pressure in pressurized water reactor (PWR).

188    J. Rocha, M. Santos, G. Santos, A. Monteiro, A. Neves, P. Braga, "Limiting internal supply voltage spikes in DC-DC converters ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1060 - 1065 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Implementing monolithic DC-DC converters for low power portable applications with a standard low voltage CMOS technology leads to lower production costs and higher reliability. Moreover, it allows miniaturization by the integration of two units in the same die: the power management unit that regulates the supply voltage for the second unit, a dedicated signal processor, that performs the functions required. This paper presents original techniques that limit spikes in the internal supply voltage on a monolithic DC-DC converter, extending the use of the same technology for both units. These spikes are mainly caused by fast current variations in the path connecting the external power supply to the internal pads of the converter power block. This path includes two parasitic inductances inbuilt in bond wires and in package pins. Although these parasitic inductances present relative low values when compared with the typical external inductances of DC-DC converters, their effects can not be neglected when switching high currents at high switching frequency. The associated overvoltage frequently causes destruction, reliability problems and/or control malfunction. Different spike reduction techniques are presented and compared. The proposed techniques were used in the design of the gate driver of a DC-DC converter included in a power management unit implemented in a standard 0.35 mum CMOS technology.

189    Pang-Jung Liu, Y.-J.E. Chen, "A self-scaling gate drive technique for efficiency improvement of DC-DC converters ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1066 - 1070 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper shows that the optimal driving voltages of power MOSFETs can be well modeled by a linear function of the load current. Thanks to the linear model, the self-scaling gate drive technique is proposed to improve the light-load efficiency of DC-DC converters by reducing gate driving loss. The gate drive voltage is scaled dynamically with respect to load current change. The proposed self-scaling gate drive technique can attain about 5.8% incremental enhancement on light-load efficiency.

190    H. Sugimura, Sang-Pil Mun, Soon-Kurl Kwon, T. Doi, K. Morimoto, M. Nakaoka, "Three-level phase shifted ZVS-PWM DC-DC converter with neutral point diodes clamping and flying capacitor ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1071 - 1076 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents some experimental results and practical evaluations of neutral point clamping and flying capacitor hybrid three-level phase shifted soft switching PWM DC-DC high power converter with high frequency transformer and center-tapped rectifier. This new DC-DC converter developed for TIG, MIG and MAG arc welders is implemented by modifying the high-frequency-linked HB soft switching PWM DC-DC power converter with high side and low side two active edge resonant modular, which is proposed by the authors. The operating principle of the three-level soft-switching PWM DC-DC converter and its experimental and simulation results including phase-shifted angle vs. power regulation characteristics and power conversion efficiency characteristics in addition to power loss analysis are illustrated and discussed from a practical point of view, along with the remarkable advantageous points as compared with previously-developed soft switching PWM DC-DC converter. Finally, the improved three-level soft switching PWM converter version is also considered to suppress the circulating current due to phase shift pulse modulation principle. The PWM and PDM dual pulse modulation strategy is considered to extend its soft switching transition operation range.

191    Diao Lijun, Chen Jie, Lin Wenli, Liu Zhigang, "Analysis and design for reducing voltage stress in output rectifier of LFLRV SIV DC-DC converter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1077 - 1080 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a full-bridge full-wave DC-DC converter used in 35 kVA power grade auxiliary static inverter (SIV) of first low-floor light rail vehicle (LFLRV) in China, where reducing voltage stress in output rectifier diodes is so important for the converter reliability. DC-bias function of high frequency transformer is analyzed and a sensorless digital dc-bias control method by DSP and CPLD without capacitor is given. Voltage spike caused by the secondary winding resonance is analyzed and three output RCD snubber circuit modes are given and compared, the dissipation of each snubber mode is deeply described. Lastly, engineering design methods are additionally given to reduce voltage stress.

192    Van-Tung Phan, Sung-Hyo Kwak, Hong-Hee Lee, "An improved control method for DFIG-based wind system supplying unbalanced stand-alone loads ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1081 - 1086 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes a novel control method for operation of a DFIG-based wind generator under unbalanced stand-alone loads, connected directly with stator terminal of the generator. The effect of unbalance condition at loads causes torque pulsations on generator and the stator voltage unbalance that degrade the dynamic behavior of control system. To eliminate the negative sequence components existing in generated stator voltages, the proposed compensation approach is developed based on the coordinated control of rotor-side controller (RSC) of the DFIG system. The main concern of this paper is the use of hybrid current controller (HCC), consisting of a proportional integral (PI) controller plus a resonant (R) compensator. For the sake of improvement, the HCC is executed in the positive synchronous rotating reference frame without considering decomposition of positive and negative sequence components of current values. Simulation is executed using PSIM, and experimental results are also shown in the paper to demonstrate the feasibility and efficiency of the proposed control method.

193    Hurng-Liahng Jou, Wen-Jung Chiang, Jinn-Chang Wu, "Voltage-mode grid-connected solar inverter with high frequency isolated transformer ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1087 - 1092 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A voltage-mode grid-connected solar inverter with high frequency isolated transformer is proposed in this paper. Besides, the functions of MPPT (maximum power point tracking) and the islanding detection are incorporated into the controller of this voltage-mode grid-connected solar inverter. The experimental results show that the performance of this isolated voltage-mode grid-connected photovoltaic generation system is as expected.

194    Tianhao Tang, Kunming Chen, Jingang Han, "A new WECS of Half-Direct Coupling structure and its MPPC control strategy on back to back PWM converters ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1093 - 1098 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a new scheme of the wind system with half-direct coupling (HDC) WECS to solve the problems in the direct-diver coupling (DDC) wind energy conversion system (WECS), because of too large scale WECS in practice. The proposed scheme is only added a small ratio gear to the system between the large wind turbine and the permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM). A PWM AC-DC converter with SVPWM control method is proposed for the peak power tracking (PPT) control. Some simulation tests of the proposed system and control strategies have been developed based on Matlab/Simulink. The simulation results verified the feasibility of the proposed system.

195    S.H. Hosseini, S. Danyali, A. Yazdanpanah Goharrizi, M. Sarhangzadeh, "Three-phase four-wire grid-connected PV power supply with accurate MPPT for unbalanced nonlinear load compensation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1099 - 1104 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a three-phase four-wire grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) system to play as a power generator and active filter (AF) compensator. This system is flexible enough to efficiently remove current harmonic components and balance the line currents drawn from grid by an unbalanced nonlinear load. Simultaneously power conversion system injects the maximum power available from the PV array to the grid by using a fast and precise control strategy. The controller enjoys both modified PQ0 transformation and Fuzzy Logic Incremental Conductance (FL-IC) method to accomplish the Maximum Power Point operation Tracking (MPPT) of PV array. The control strategy is described and the whole system is built and simulated by PSCAD/EMTDC software with reference to different operation conditions. The results from simulations confirm the theoretical aspects of the proposed PV power supply and effectiveness of the control techniques to compensate non-linear unbalanced loads as well as utilization of the maximum PV power production.

196    D. Yazdani, M. Pahlevaninezhad, A. Bakhshai, "Three-phase grid synchronization techniques for grid connected converters in distributed generation systems ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1105 - 1110 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper briefly reviews the synchronization techniques for three-phase converter-interfaced distributed generation (DG) systems. These techniques are compared in terms of their capability in tracking the grid frequency variations in the presence of low order harmonics and unbalance conditions. Moreover, this paper introduces a new three-phase adaptive notch filtering (ANF) synchronization technique. The techniques introduced in this paper are applicable for a wide range of converter-interfaced DG units, e.g. wind, photovoltaic, and fuel cells, and also in active power filters and uninterrupted power supplies.

197    M. Eltabach, H. Hamdan, "Induction motor fault detection by spectral principal components analysis of the supply currents ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1111 - 1116 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A new method of obtaining diagnostic data from induction motors, derived from the three supply currents using principal components analysis, is presented in this paper. The techniques presented here focus on extracting relevant information from spectral matrices. These techniques are qualified as parsimonious tools for exploring the behaviour of current vector valued signals in the frequency domain with minimal loss of information. In fact, the new diagnostic method obtains data from the three stator currents by exploring special fault characteristic frequencies in the power spectral density of the first principal component. The main advantage of this new diagnostic tool is its ability to extract automatically the characteristic frequencies relative to the different machine operating modes. This is accomplished using the proportion of the power attributed to the first principal component and/or using the sensor contribution to the power at specific frequencies. Thus, the new diagnostic method gives a good basis for an automatic non intrusive condition monitoring for rotating machinery.

198    Biao Cheng, T. Chang, "Feature detection with ultrasonic phase-dependent baseband echo separation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1117 - 1122 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Ultrasonic feature detection is primarily based on the time-of-flight of the acoustic signals. Operating at their resonances, the transducers tend to produce long transients that exacerbate the effects of multi-echo interference and result in a loss of details and accuracy. In this work, a novel phase-dependent baseband model is developed to quantitatively describe the ultrasonic signals and the associated interference characteristics. A Fourier approximation algorithm is then applied to retrieve the timing information by separating the primary and secondary echoes from the received baseband echo signal to enhance the measurement resolution. The performance of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated by both numerical and experimental examples.

199    Y.A. Durrani, "Accurate power estimation technique for DSP architectures ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1123 - 1128 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A key challenge in the design of low power digital systems is the fast and accurate estimation of power dissipation. In this paper, we present a look-up-table (LUT) based power macromodeling technique for digital signal processing (DSP) architecture in terms of the statistical knowledge of their primary inputs/ouputs. During the power estimation procedure, the sequence of an input stream is generated by a genetic algorithm (GA) using input metrics. Then, a Monte Carlo zero-delay simulation is performed and a power dissipation macromodel function is built from power dissipation results. From then on, this macromodel function can be used to estimate power dissipation of the system just by using the statistics of the macro-block's primary inputs/outputs. The most important contribution of the method is that it allows fast power estimation of intellectual property (IP) based design by a simple addition of individual power consumptions. This makes the power modelling of SoCs an easy task that permits evaluation of power features at the architectural level. In order to evaluate our model, we have constructed IP-based DSP system using different IP macroblocks. In experiments with individual IP macro-blocks, the results are effective and highly correlated, with an average error of just 1-3%.

200    F. Morii, "Clustering based on distortion-ratio criterion ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1129 - 1133 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Clustering based on a distortion-ratio criterion for data sets with large statistical differences of class data is treated, where K-Means algorithm (KMA) cannot necessarily reveal the good performance. After obtaining cluster centers attaining the minimum squared-error distortion or its approximation by KMA, clustering based on the distortion-ratio criterion, whose criterion provides a measure of the validity of clustering, is introduced. When the criterion is not satisfied, a split and merge procedure based on the distortion-ratio measure is executed. Focusing on an interesting data set which is not resolved by KMA, clustering based on the distortion-ratio criterion and the split and merge procedure is investigated.

201    Gin-Der Wu, Yi-Ming Liu, "Radix-22 based low power reconfigurable FFT processor ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1134 - 1138 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Fast Fourier transform (FFT) is widely applied in the speech processing, image processing, and communication system. To implement it, a radix-22 based reconfigurable FFT processor is proposed in this paper. This architecture gets the optimal balance between flexibility and power consumption. Power saving is achieved by using the appropriate FFT size instead of a fixed large FFT size. The memory-based architecture is used to design our reconfigurable FFT processor. It can be configured to different size which ranges from 16 to 256 points. In our experiments, the proposed architecture has the advantage of low power.

202    Van Quang Vo, Ju-Jang Lee, "Flat world optimization algorithm ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1139 - 1143 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a population based method for optimization is proposed. In this 21st century people say ldquoThe world is being flattenedrdquo and in this proposed algorithm we can say ldquothe population is flattenedrdquo. The paper introduces a neighborhood topology, named as flat world neighborhood topology, and a optimization tool, named as flat world optimization. The proposed algorithm exploits the flat world properties, the natural selection and the particle swarm optimization (PSO) therefore making it a very powerful algorithm. A number of tests have been conducted and the results are compared with some relevant PSO variants to illustrate the algorithm cornerstones.

203    Hong-Gi Yeom, In-Hun Jang, Kwee-Bo Sim, "Variance considered machines: Modification of optimal hyperplanes in support vector machines ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1144 - 1147 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: We propose a new classification algorithm, variance considered machine (VCM), by modifying optimal hyperplanes of the support vector machine (SVM). The SVM is a good method to calculate a slope of optimal hyperplanes with maximal margin. However, this algorithm neglects to consider variances and prior probabilities of the data. It can increase probabilities of error. To solve this problem, the VCM shifts the optimal hyperplanes of the SVM according to variances and prior probabilities. Therefore, the VCM has not only maximal margin, which is an advantage of the SVM, but also lower error probability. Through 10 case examples with different variances and prior probabilities, we demonstrated the superiority of the VCM by comparing the results of the SVM and VCM.

204    Jae Young Lee, Jin Bae Park, Yoon Ho Choi, "Input-derivative-constrained approximate dynamic programming for unknown continuous-time linear systems ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1148 - 1153 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a model-free approximate dynamic programming (ADP) technique for continuous-time linear systems is proposed to solve the infinite horizon optimal regulator problems with input derivative constraints. By the fact that the input coupling matrix B is not shown in the explicit formula of the solution to the input-derivative-constrained optimal regulator problem, the assumption of the known B matrix is relaxed. And then, partially model-free ADP technique given in [D. Vrabie et al.] is employed to this regulator problem in order to develop the model-free approximate dynamic programming technique. Moreover, using the inherent property of the input-derivative-constrained optimal regulator problem, we extend the proposed model-free ADP technique to the more general linear systems which include constant matching disturbances. The proposed technique can be considered an adaptive optimal controller since it updates the parameters in the controller in a way that the parameters converge to the optimal ones. The simulation is executed to verify the applicability of the proposed method.

205    Chun-Hao Li, Ming-Jong Tsai, "Multi-objective optimization of laser scribing for the isolation process of solar cell wafers using grey relational analysis ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1154 - 1159 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A novel method is presented for optimizing laser scribing of solar cell wafers for the isolation process. Multiple performance characteristics are optimized using grey relational analysis (GRA). Laser scribing technology is a useful solution for solar cell isolation processes. Solar energy is available worldwide and useful to everybody. Most solar cell technology is currently based on silicon wafer technology. Two important targets for this solar cell industry are high effective rates of energy transfer and low manufacturing costs. The isolation process for solar cell silicon wafer processing using laser scribing technology needs a high quality process to obtain a good surface profie. This study uses a Q-switched diode-pumped solid-state laser (DPSSL) to perform the scribing. Results are characterized using three parameters, including two laser operation parameters (laser average power and Q-switching frequency), and one laser scanning parameter (laser scribing speed for manufacturing throughput). These parameters are optimized based on multiple performance characteristics. Some characteristics of the scribing isolation process using laser technology for solar cell wafers are verified. The characteristics of interest are the minimum width of the average scribing groove for edge isolation on wafer substrates and the maximum depth of the average groove. Nine experiments were conducted using GRA to optimize the values for laser scribing parameters in order to generate various quality characteristics. Analysis of the grey relational grade indicates parameter significance and the optimal parameter combination for the laser scribing process is identified. The measured analytical results using the optimal parameters confirm that laser scribing technology can be effectively applied to isolate the edge of solar cell wafers.

206    Yuan Lin, Ruiping Geng, "MLBM: Machine-learning-based minimization algorithm for boolean functions ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1160 - 1165 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a novel approach to two-level logic minimization based on a special machine learning method created by the author. The approach is fast, without limitation of variable number and can always give an excellent result in optimization.

207    Hwan Hur, Hyo-Sung Ahn, "Neural network-based ranging technique for chirp pulse detection ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1166 - 1171 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, we propose a new chirp ranging system using neural networks to improve the ranging accuracy. In the proposed system, neural networks are employed for two purposes; one is to filter out noises contained in the measured signals that include multipath signals with variable time delay and amplitude, and another is to exactly detect a peak point for calculating time-of-flight. We conducted simulations to examine the validity of the proposed system. It will be shown that the ranging precision can be significantly improved by the proposed chirp ranging system.

208    A.H. Mazinan, N. Sadati, H. Ahmadi-Noubari, "A case study for fuzzy adaptive multiple models predictive control strategy ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1172 - 1177 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The purpose of the paper presented here is to deal with the well-known linear generalized predictive control (LGPC) scheme based on multiple models strategy for a tubular heat exchanger system. In this control strategy, the operating environments of the system are first represented by multiple explicit linear models. Then the best model of the system is precisely identified by a novel intelligent decision mechanism (IDM), where is organized in association with the fuzzy adaptive Kalman filter and recursive weight generator approaches. As soon as the best model of the system is identified, the corresponding predictive control action is instantly implemented on the system. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed strategy, simulations are carried out and the outcomes are compared with those obtained using the nonlinear GPC (NLGPC) approach. The results can verify the validity of the proposed control scheme.

209    Ying Bai, Hanqi Zhuang, Dali Wang, "Apply fuzzy interpolation method to calibrate parallel machine tools ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1178 - 1183 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A fuzzy interpolation method is proposed to simplify the calibration process for parallel machine tools. Either inverse or forward kinematic models need to be used in the traditional calibration methods to perform the identification and compensation of the pose errors for parallel machine tools. Instead of using a model, the proposed method presents a modeless technique combined with the fuzzy interpolation method to obtain the same or higher calibration accuracy when a small workspace is adopted.

210    M.A. Ahmad, R. Ismail, M.S. Ramli, M.A. Zawawi, N. Hambali, N.M. Abd Ghani, "Vibration control of flexible joint manipulator using input shaping with PD-type Fuzzy Logic Control ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1184 - 1189 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents investigations into the development of input shaping with proportional-derivative (PD)-type fuzzy logic control for trajectory tracking and vibration control of a flexible joint manipulator. To study the effectiveness of the controllers, a PD-type fuzzy logic controller is developed for tip angular position control of a flexible joint manipulator. This is then extended to incorporate input shaper control schemes for vibration reduction of the flexible joint system. The positive zero-vibration-derivative-derivative (ZVDD) and new modified specified negative amplitude zero-vibration-derivative-derivative (SNA-ZVDD) input shapers are then designed based on the properties of the system for vibration control. The new SNA-ZVDD is proposed to improve the robustness capability while increasing the speed of the system response. Simulation results of the response of the flexible joint manipulator with the controllers are presented in time and frequency domains. The performances of the PD-type fuzzy logic with input shaping control schemes are examined in terms of input tracking capability, level of vibration reduction, robustness and time response specifications. A comparative assessment of the positive ZVDD and modified SNA-ZVDD shapers to the hybrid system performance is presented and discussed.

211    D. Koscielnik, "Influence of the hidden stations and the exposed station for the throughput of the LR-WPAN ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1190 - 1195 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This article presents wireless personal area networks with low transmission rate, utilized more and more often in industrial or alarm systems, as well as in sensor networks. The structure of these systems and available ways of transmission are defined by the IEEE 802.15.4 standard. The second part of the paper contains the description of simulation tests that have been realized. Their results make available an evaluation of the effective throughput of the LR-WPAN and the resistance to the phenomenon of hidden station and the exposed station.

212    Kyutae Oh, "Performance increment of smooth handoff using DSDV protocol at ad.hoc network ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1196 - 1198 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this study the author carried out an experiment to transmit a datagram through mobile node using ad hoc routing technique directly without using smooth handoff when forwarding to MN fails with DSDV protocol. DSDV. In case of using routing protocol, it showed almost as same performance as when no handoff occurred, and the number of MN could increase transmission delay but had little relation with handoff interval and transmission delay decreased compared to previous methods.

213    Chung-Hoon Lee, Leibiao, Myoung-Seob Lim, "The optimum configuration of car parking guide system based on wireless sensor network ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1199 - 1202 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: When wireless sensor network (WSN) based on ad hoc network is deployed to car parking guide system without parking helper at area or building with large scale of parking lots, the optimum number of cluster heads was derived for getting the minimum power consumption as well as time delay. Through the theoretical analysis of power consumption and time delay with the number of cluster heads in wireless sensor network, it was found that there exists the minimum point in the variation of power consumption and time delay according to the number of cluster heads.

214    Jian Hu, Gangyan Li, "CAN-based passenger car starter information integrated control method and its implementation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1203 - 1208 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: CAN (controller area network) applied in passenger car provides information sharing platform for ECUs (electronic control units). It is essential to implement passenger car information integrated control for enhancing safety, comfort, and added-value of passenger car. As a typical mechanical and electric device relating to efficiency and safety of passenger car start process, passenger car starter is easy to be damaged because of improper operation and therefore decrease its using life. In this paper, CAN-based passenger car starter information integrated control method and system implementation are studied. According to traditional passenger car starter control method and disadvantages, the current improved methods of starter control are reviewed. Based on the requirement analysis of passenger car starter control, passenger car starter information integrated control rules are presented. Applying in-vehicle network technology, automotive electronic technology and modularization design method, CAN-based passenger car starter information integrated control system is designed and equipped in WG6100ENH model natural gas city bus.

215    Kyutae Oh, "Study on the improvement of fixed node utilized mobile ad.hoc network performance ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1209 - 1212 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This study evaluated the level of performance improvement in the form of a simulated experiment by adding fixed node in the middle of the network as a way to improve mobile ad.hoc network performance. The result showed that the performance level was much higher when fixed node was used together than when mobile node was used only, and the comparison of the mobile speed of mobile node also showed that use of fixed node together had higher performance. Moreover, the evaluation in accordance with the number of fixed node showed that more number of fixed node had shorter time delay. The method suggested in this study has a problem to add fixed node in the middle of mobile ad.hoc network but it will be effective to use for the network which requires faster throughput with high reliability despite the cost increase after comparing the relationship between the cost and throughput. Further study following this on how many fixed node should be added on the ad.hoc network will ensure establishment of more reliable ad hoc network.

216    So-Youn Park, Ju-Jang Lee, "Improvement of a multi-objective differential evolution using clustering algorithm ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1213 - 1217 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In the last few decades, evolutionary algorithms (EAs) for solving optimization problems have come to the forefront. Because of the complexity of the problem, Multi-objective problems (MOPs) as well as global optimization problem has been developed so far, but parents for genetic reproduction has been considered as one global group in general. In this paper, we apply clustering algorithm to differential evolution (DE) in order to cluster and assign group leaders to the subpopulation for finding optimal solutions as well as guaranteeing population diversity.

217    M.A. Abdul-Malek, M.A. Abido, "STATCOM based controller design using Particle Swarm Optimization for power system stability enhancement ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1218 - 1223 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In recent years, there has been an increasing interest on applying advanced and intelligent control designs in power engineering area. In this paper, damping controllers for a Single Machine Infinite Bus (SMIB) System with STATic synchronous COMpensator (STATCOM) are designed using swarm intelligence. The controller design problem is formulated as an optimization problem where Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is proposed to find optimal controller parameters. Nonlinear time domain simulation based multi-objective function is formulated to minimize time-weighted errors in order to damp system oscillations of the nonlinear system model. The effectiveness of the designed controllers is examined under severe system disturbances. The results show that the system performance with the proposed controllers is quite satisfactory and confirm the quality of the damping characteristics of the designed PSO based controllers.

218    Yu-long Zhan, Wei Wei, Chong-fu Huo, Zhi-yuan Yang, "Research on delamination fault diagnosis of marine diesel engine based on Support Vector Machine ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1224 - 1227 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, the authors introduce the principle and algorithm of the support vector machine, the hierarchical analysis and the application of hierarchical analysis to fault diagnosis. In the above-mentioned theory, the paper presents a fault model of the marine diesel engine, and focuses on the application of Support Vector Machine (SVM) on fault diagnosis of marine main engine cooling system. The simulation result shows that SVM has good diagnosis effect in small samples as well as good application prospects in mechanical fault diagnosis.

219    R.C. Luo, C.C. Chang, Yi-Wen Perng, "Impedance control on a multi-fingered robot hand based on analyzed electromyographic information for massage applications ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1228 - 1233 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This research presents the development of a multi-fingered robot hand for the application of massage. Massage is a helpful treatment for human body conditioning and therapy. This is a relative new and feasible application of multi-fingered robot hands except for the use as prosthesis and grasping applications. For the dexterous manipulation of the robot hand, impedance control is adopted. Impedance control aims to generate a desired dynamical relationship between the motion of the end-effector and the reactive force at the contact region. For the safety and the comfort monitoring during massage, the measurement of human sensation information such as electromyographic (EMG) signals, pulse, skin temperature and conductance is introduced into the control system. Herein, we focus on the use of analyzed EMG signals as the feedback information for massage applications.

220    Zixin Li, Ping Wang, Yaohua Li, Congwei Liu, Haibin Zhu, Longcheng Tan, "Instantaneous power based control of three-phase PWM rectifier under distorted source voltages ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1234 - 1239 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a novel control method for PWM boost rectifier based on instantaneous power. Unlike most of the existing control strategies implemented in synchronous or p-q (active-reactive power) frame, the proposed method can provide unity power factor on the AC side in stationary frame. Rotating transformation and phase detection are eliminated, offering a very simple solution. Based on the analysis of the instantaneous powers, a new method for current harmonic elimination is also proposed, which entails sinusoidal input currents under distorted source voltages. Compared with the conventional harmonic suppressing methods, the proposed scheme has a simple structure. Moreover, fast dynamic response is achieved in the presented algorithm owing to instantaneous power control. Simulation and experimental results on a 30 kVA PWM rectifier show satisfactory performance of the presented method both in steady and dynamic state.

221    Chien-Ming Wang, Ching-Hung Su, Chang-Hua Lin, Chia-Hua Liu, "A series-resonant single-phase ac chopper ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1240 - 1244 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A series-resonant single-phase series-resonant AC chopper is presented. The presented single-phase AC chopper is configured by a series-resonant conversion without cycloconversion and auxiliary switches. The presented single-phase AC chopper is a series resonator with four main switches to configure adaptively the resonant voltage robes. The synthesized sinusoidal waveform (SSW) before output filter is synthesized by a series of sinusoidal amplitude quasi-sinusoidal pulses (QSPs) following the input voltage amplitude. Because the synthesized SSW very closes sinusoidal waveform, the presented single-phase AC chopper can use a simple LC filter to filter the undesired harmonics and get the sinusoidal voltage with low total harmonic distortion (THD). The presented single-phase AC chopper is operated by constant frequency pulse width modulation with control technique. Waveform syntheses for the output sinusoidal voltage are clearly analysed and derived. A typical design example of a 600 W series-resonant single-phase AC chopper is examined to assess the system performance. The power efficiency is over 91% when the output power is at maximum output rated power. The total harmonic distortion (THD) when the output power is at maximum output rated power is within 5%.

222    Sang-Woon Jeon, Seul Jung, "Novel limit cycle analysis of the thruster control system with time delay using a PWM-based PD controller ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1245 - 1250 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Limit cycle analysis of the attitude control system for jet thrusters has been performed using a phase plane method. Pulse-width-modulator (PWM) and PD control laws are applied to the attitude control of the jet thruster system under the effect of time-delay of a solenoid valve. Resultant characteristics of the limit cycle such as frequency, amplitude, maximum rate, and duty ratio have been analytically evaluated and presented.

223    Hung-Chi Chen, Tzu-Yang Tsai, Chih-Kai Huang, "Comparisons of six-step square-wave PWMs in ultra-low-power SOC integration ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1251 - 1256 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: It is well-known that ultra-low-power three-phase elements, such as ultra-small-size permanent-magnet brushless motor drivers, have been widely used in the consumer products. In order to reduce the cost, size and power consumption of products, it is necessary to integrate the system functions with square-wave PWM (SWPWM) driver in the system-on-chip (SOC) implementation. It follows that, the driver loss and loss distribution are the main challenges in the integration of ultra-low-power SWPWM driver where the driver loss include conducting loss, switching loss and gate driving loss, where the last one is often neglected in other low-, medium- and high-power drivers. On the other hand, there are 16 types and 64 types in 120-degree SWPWM and 180-degree SWPWM, respectively, and the resulting driver loss and loss distribution differ from each other. This paper studies the driver loss and loss distributions of all SWPWM types in detail. The result shows that SWPWM type-01_01, type-10_10 and type-010_010 are the recommended types in the SOC integration of ultra-low-power SWPWM driver.

224    Hao Ma, Yue Ji, Ye Xu, "Single-stage power factor correction converter with coupled input current shaping inductor ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1257 - 1262 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A new single-stage power factor correction (SSPFC) converter is proposed for the adapter application, which is composed of a flyback converter and a front-end input current shaper. Low conduction losses are achieved with only two diode conduction drops in the primary side. The conversion efficiency is improved with a direct energy transfer path, which is provided by the feedback wingding. Equations and configurations are given to design the input current shaping (ICS) inductor and the magnetizing inductor of the transformer operating in discontinuous conduction mode (DCM) or in DCM/CCM boundary mode. The good performance of the converter is verified experimentally on a 90 W (19 V/4.74 A) SSPFC converter with universal line input.

225    M.N. Uddin, R.S. Rebeiro, Sheng Hua Lee, "Online efficiency optimization of an IPMSM drive incorporating loss minimization algorithm and an FLC as speed controller ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1263 - 1268 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a comparison in efficiency between a fuzzy logic controller (FLC) and a proportional-integral (PI) controller based interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) drive incorporating an online loss minimization algorithm (LMA). The LMA is developed based on the motor model. In order to maximize the operating efficiency, the d-axis armature current is controlled optimally based on the developed LMA. A novel fuzzy logic controller (FLC) is developed in such a way that it can simultaneously control both torque and flux of the motor while maintaining current and voltage constraints. Thus, the FLC extends the operating speed limits for the motor. The LMA is incorporated with the FLC so that the motor can operate over wide speed range while maintaining the high efficiency. A performance comparison of the LMA based IPMSM drive with FLC and PI controller is provided. Simulation results demonstrate the higher efficiency and better dynamic response of the FLC based drive as compared to the PI controller over a wide speed range. The complete drive is also experimentally implemented using DSP board DS1104 although the complete experimental tests are yet to be done.

226    O. Ahmed, K. Ohyama, Y. Narumoto, H. Fujii, H. Uehara, "Sensorless operation of SRM drives from starting to steady state ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1269 - 1274 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: It is known that control strategies for most electrical machines are derived based on machine parameters, which are constant for most of the excitation range. However, due to the salient pole nature of Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM), the machine inductance is not only a function of the rotor angle but also is a function of the excitation current. This complicates the development of control strategies for such drive systems. The position information requirement is a limitation of SRM. The shaft position sensors are normally used for this purpose. These sensors reduce the reliability of the drive. Efforts are on to replace the position sensor with suitable estimation technique. In this paper, an overview of the different existing sensorless starting methods and their shortcomings are explained and finally, a starting method is proposed. Also this paper presents a method of position estimation for SRM. The method is suitable from starting to full speed. It ensures smooth starting without initial hesitation.

227    Seok-Kyoon Kim, "Speed and current regulation for uncertain PMSM using adaptive state feedback and backstepping control ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1275 - 1280 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Nonlinear adaptive speed and d-axis current control schemes based on adaptive state feedback and backstepping technique are proposed for a permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM). In the controller design, adaptive state feedback and backstepping control approach using the parameter dependant Lyapunov function is adopted to derive the control scheme, which is robust to the all parameter uncertainties and the load torque disturbance, force the whole control system to have the output strictly passivity. Moreover, because of using a parameter dependant Lyapunov function, proposed controller has no singularity problem. Simulation results clearly show that the proposed control scheme can regulate the speed and the d-axis current reference under all parameter uncertainties and the load torque disturbance.

228    Chien-Lung Cheng, Shyi-Ching Chern, Jim-Chwen Yeh, Ming-Yi Wu, "A new nail collator driver with high performance ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1281 - 1286 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a new nail collator driver is proposed to improve nail collator. The control system of nail collator circuit is developed by programmable system on chip (PSoC). A flexible multi-pulse digital control method is proposed to reduce peak current. It has the advantages of averaging weld energy and minimum peak current. Furthermore, a novel driver circuit without dissipative resistor is proposed. It has advantage of high efficiency. Finally, the new nail collator driver is proved with high performances by experiments.

229    Minkoo Kang, Kiejin Park, Bongjun Kim, "A static message scheduling algorithm for reducing FlexRay network utilization ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1287 - 1291 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Currently, in order to meet customer requirements about safety and convenience, many electronics and software are used in automobiles. Because high amount of data from each electronics and software needs to be communicated fast and correctly, performance evaluation of in-vehicle network is necessary. FlexRay protocol that is suggested to guarantee exact operation of in-vehicle subsystem such as x-by-wire application has emerged as de-facto standard. However, there are only a few researches about response time analysis and timing performance verification. In this paper, to reduce FlexRay network utilization, a scheduling algorithm that long static message is assigned to dynamic segment is presented. We define system model for the algorithm and carry out performance evaluation using SAE benchmark data. Though the evaluation, we show that network utilization in all transmission speed is reduced, and also in lower transmission speed, it is reduced much more.

230    Kai Wang, Aidong Xu, Hong Wang, "Avoiding the babbling idiot failure in a communication system based on flexible time division multiple access: A bus guardian solution ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1292 - 1297 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In a safety-critical real time system it is important to prevent the babbling idiot failure (BIF), which is characterized by a faulty node transmitting arbitrary messages at random points in time. However, existing communication systems based on flexible time division multiple access (FTDMA), whose development was driven explicitly by the new needs of future in-car control applications involving safety-critical functions, do not provide any efficient solution to avoid the BIF. Therefore, a bus guardian (BG) solution is presented to avoid the BIF in a FTDMA based communication system in this paper. The supervision algorithm of the proposed BG is presented along with the node architecture necessary for implementing the presented technique. Results of performance evaluation show that the proposed BG can enforce the error containment in the time domain of FTDMA based systems and help to make them appropriate for safety-critical applications.

231    Dahai Zhang, Yanqiu Bi, "Communication network of Wide Area Protection System using OPNET simulator ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1298 - 1303 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The paper investigates an architecture and communication network of Wide Area Protection System (WAPS). The features of three WAPS architectures, including centralized, distributed and networked, are discussed respectively in detail, and the networked structure is considered to be the best due to its fast response time and open standard. Different communication networks of WAPS are modeled using OPNET simulator, and their performances for relay protection are compared. The results show the networked architecture could satisfy the relay protection requirements of WAPS, and it has less communication delay than the centralized architecture. In order to deal with burst data transmission, the 100 Mbps Ethernet is preferable to ensure communication performance.

232    Man Ho Kim, Jee Hun Park, Suk Lee, Kyung Chang Lee, "Experimental evaluation of Kalman predictive redundancy system for safety-critical systems ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1304 - 1309 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The dependence of intelligent vehicles on electronic devices is rapidly increasing the concern over fault tolerance due to safety issues. For example, an x-by-wire system, such as electromechanical brake system in which rigid mechanical components are replaced with dynamically configurable electronic elements, should be fault-tolerant because a critical failure could arise without warning. Therefore, in order to guarantee the reliability of safety-critical systems, fault-tolerant functions have been studied in detail. This paper presents a Kalman predictive redundancy system with a fault-detection algorithm using the Kalman filter that can remove the effect of faults. This paper also describes the detailed implementation of such a system using an embedded microcontroller to evaluate the performance of the Kalman predictive redundancy system. The experimental results show that the Kalman predictive redundancy system can ensure the fault-tolerance of safety-critical systems such as x-by-wire systems.

233    Ying-Wen Bai, Chia-Yi Chang, "Design and implementation of an integrated remote test system for mobile phones ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1310 - 1315 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper we design three programs, the first one is an automatic network RF signal measurement (ANRSM), the second one is automatic RF module and baseband hardware device self-diagnosis SmartMobileTest, and the last one is RF remote control test program (RRCTP). The greatest advantages of our ANRSM and our SmartMobileTest are that they are of a small size with portability, and that they reduce both the test time and the complexity of RF test programs. Our ANRSM is written in C++ language. This program uses the embedded 3GPP RF Spec TS 51.010 and by means of virtual instrument software architecture (VISA) controls the General Purpose Interface Bus (GPIB) which is used to control the RF base station simulator. Moreover we use LabVIEW and Web publishing technology to develop RRCTP to implement the remote control and command exchange. The SmartMobileTest program is created on a Windows Mobile OS to test the function of the RF and baseband module. Both our ANRSM and our SmartMobileTest support RF automatic testing and detection for the hardware performance of all the RF and baseband modules in a Smartphone. By combining these two programs we are able to identify the effect of both RF sensitivity and noise quickly.

234    Wei Shao, Junjie Guo, Enxiu Shi, Qinli Song, "On-line measurement of free-form surfaces for manufacturing applications ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1316 - 1321 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Measurement of free-form surfaces is a requirement to assure quality and to reduce manufacturing costs and rework. An on-line measurement system combined coordinate measuring machine (CMM) and numerical controlled (NC) sandblast manufacturing equipment for large surface is presented in this paper. It uses transmission and position functions of NC machine and CMM's scan measuring function to make large surface measurement correspondingly. By means of auxiliary coordinate axis, CMM and NC machine can establish a unified coordinate system, data transform and on-line measurement. To perform detailed comparison of the shapes, the CAD model is geometrically adjusted with the input using model-based a new matching algorithm developed in this paper. Once the CAD model is adjusted, it is compared with input to reveal the errors between their shapes. Following, process parameters in NC machine will be adjusted by the expert system based on the errors and neural networks. In this way the integration of on-line measurement and NC manufacturing have been accomplished.

235    Peng Wang, Xiaodong Liu, "A parallel algorithm for side information generation in Distributed Video Coding ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1322 - 1326 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Most of the reported Distributed Video Coding (DVC) schemes have a high time-delay in decoder which hinders its practical application in real-time systems. In this paper, we propose a new DVC decoder architecture based on MPI clusters and an efficient parallel algorithm for generation of the Side Information (SI) based on the structure. In order to achieve a balanced workload among the processors and minimize the overheads of inter-process interaction, we adopt a task-pool model to implement dynamic mapping of tasks onto processors. In addition, the proposed method also uses a threshold-based approach to attain good trade-off between decoding time and video quality. We analyze the effect of computational granularity and the number of processors on performance through defining a performance function. The experimental results on multicore PCs show that a near-linear speedup can be obtained by using the proposed parallel SI generating algorithm.

236    Zhaohua Lin, Yanbiao Zou, "Long-Rood motion estimation algorithm based on starting search point prediction ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1327 - 1331 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Motion estimation algorithm is the most complicated and time consuming part of the video codec. A novel fast block matching motion estimation algorithm named Long-Rood fast motion estimation algorithm based on starting search point prediction is proposed for real-time video coding. To validate the performance, a number of standard test sequences are used. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm dramatically outperforms the Exhaustive Search (ES), the Three-Step Search (TSS), the Diamond Search (DS) and the Adaptive Rood Pattern Search (ARPS) algorithms. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm is about 3.33~17.12 times faster than that of TSS, 2.12~8.99 times faster than that of DS, and 1.15~4.42 times faster than ARPS, while achieving close performance in terms of the Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR).

237    Yih-Ming Su, Chaur-Heh Hsieh, "Semantic events detection and classification for baseball videos ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1332 - 1336 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This study presents an integrating decision approach, based on a model-based and rule-based decision approach, to detect and classify highlight events in baseball games. The model-based approach is proposed to model the relationship between the change statuses of the caption data and some events. The approach uses some binary bits to represent the amount of the changes. The rule-based approach is proposed to use the conditions of the caption data to elicit the empirical knowledge and to decide what some events is happened. Finally, the proposed approach integrates the complementary and redundant resulting of the two approaches to enhance the classification performance. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed approach is very efficient for classifying highlight events. Furthermore, the performance of the proposed approach can be improved by 6.58% over the average of the model-based and rule-based approaches.

238    Chia-Hao Chung, Chin-Chuan Liang, Yu-Cheng Fan, Hung-Shih Lin, Hen-Wai Tsao, "Correction to novel artifact detection for motion compensated deinterlacing ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1337 - 1340 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, we propose corrected artifact detection for motion compensated de-interlacing. De-interlacing techniques are adopted to convert interlaced video into progressive scanning format. Motion compensated de-interlacing algorithm provides the best performance if the estimated motion information is correct. However, it suffers from inaccurate motion estimation, and the weak error protection thus deteriorates the visual quality. This paper presents corrected artifact detection for motion compensated de-interlacing with highly accurate motion estimation and robust error detection. We propose a spatial-temporal correlation assisted motion estimation to obtain more accurate motion information. The spatial and temporal correlations among the motion vectors are exploited to find the true motion of the object. A hierarchical MV reliability verification is provided to reject incorrect temporal information. This method can detect the possible defects effectively in both large and small areas. The experimental results show that the proposed scheme outperforms existing methods and converts high performance de-interlaced results in different video sequences.

239    Dalwon Jang, C.D. Yoo, "Music information retrieval using novel features and a weighted voting method ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1341 - 1346 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes a novel music information retrieval system (music genre and music mood classification system) based on two novel features and a weighted voting method. The proposed features, modulation spectral flatness measure (MSFM) and modulation spectral crest measure (MSCM), represent the time-varying behavior of a music and indicate the beat strength. The weighted voting method determines the music genre or the music mood by summarizing the classification results of consecutive time segments. Experimental results show that the proposed features give more accurate classification results when combined with traditional features than the octave-based modulation spectral contrast (OMSC) does in spite of short feature vector and that the weighted voting is more effective than statistical method and majority voting.

240    Sungwoong Kim, Sungrack Yun, C.D. Yoo, "Margin-enhanced maximum mutual information estimation for hidden Markov models ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1347 - 1351 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A discriminative training algorithm to estimate continuous-density hidden Markov model (CDHMM) for automatic speech recognition is considered. The algorithm is based on the criterion, called margin-enhanced maximum mutual information (MEMMI), and it estimates the CDHMM parameters by maximizing the weighted sum of the maximum mutual information objective function and the large margin objective function. The MEMMI is motivated by the criterion used in such classifier as the soft margin support vector machine that maximizes the weighted sum of the empirical risk function and the margin-related generalization function. The algorithm is an iterative procedure, and at each stage, it updates the parameters by placing different weights on the utterances according to their log likelihood margins: incorrectly-classified (negative margin) utterances are emphasized more than correctly-classified utterances. The MEMMI leads to a simple objective function that can be optimized easily by a gradient ascent algorithm maintaining a probabilistic model. Experimental results show that the recognition accuracy of the MEMMI is better than other discriminative training criteria, such as the approximated maximum mutual information (AMMI), the maximum classification error (MCE), and the soft large margin estimation (SLME) on the TIDIGITS database.

241    B.C. Min, E.J. Lee, S.H. Kang, D.H. Kim, "Limit-cycle navigation method for a quad-rotor type UAV ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1352 - 1357 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a navigation method for UAVs in certain environments. Limit-cycle navigation method for path planning is implemented on the maneuverable quad-rotor type UAV using limit-cycle characteristics of the 2nd-order nonlinear function. Furthermore, for path planning in three dimensions, the paper extends the limit-cycle method limited in two dimensions to three dimensions. Besides, the dynamics of a quad-rotor aircraft is analyzed so that the autonomous flight system for avoiding fixed obstacles can be carried out. Finally, simulation results are provided in order to illustrate effectiveness and merits of the proposed method for the autonomous path planning.

242    Sang-Jae Kim, Ick-Ho Whang, Chanho Song, "Guidance law for formation flight via desired position ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1358 - 1363 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A formation flight control scheme under the leader-follower concept is proposed. Desired positions for followers are derived using only the leader's position information. The well-known PNG law is selected to guide the follower to the desired position, and a velocity command is added. We propose the minimum maneuver radius for the leader to prevent deformation by the leader's excessive maneuver. The performance is evaluated via three-dimensional simulations.

243    Jie Ma, Yu Yao, "High-precision speed control for a flight motion simulator ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1364 - 1368 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The torque fluctuation is the main influence to the high precision speed tracking for the motor-driven flight motion simulator. A plug-in repetitive controller to improve the steady-state precision is proposed. The electromagnetic torque fluctuation analysis and test results are provided in this document.

244    Jing Lian, Yafu Zhou, Dianting Cao, Qidi Li, "Control strategy and simulation technology of Integrated Starter/Generator Hybrid Electric Vehicle ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1369 - 1373 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The paper studies control strategy and simulation technology of Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) based on Xiali 7100 prototype. Firstly, the frame structure of parallel Integrated Starter/Generator (ISG) mild HEV is designed and parameters of main components are identified. Then a logical gateway based instantaneous optimization control strategy is proposed for the system after mode analysis. Finally, the fuel consumption evaluated module is built under MATLAB/Simulink simulation environment. Different typical city bus circles are selected for analysis and results indicate that the proposed control strategy can improve fuel economy and lower emissions.

245    Li Wenhua, Wu Xiaoyong, Zhang Xiaoyan, Yao Fang, "Research on the reliability test control system's design of the miniature circuit breaker ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1380 - 1384 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper describes the miniature circuit breaker's hardware and software design of the reliability test device, which is based on the reliability criterion. The device could be used to fulfill the reliability test of miniature circuit breaker. The control system has a high level of automatic control and the capacity of failure processing. The measurement accuracy and speed are improved greatly by using the 32-ch Isolated Analog Input Card PCI-1713 which is based on the technique of FIFO to complete the acquisition of the contact voltage.

246    K. Tanaka, T. Senjyu, S. Toma, A. Yona, T. Funabashi, Chul-Hwan Kim, "Decentralized voltage control in distribution systems by controlling reactive power of inverters ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1385 - 1390 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Recently, renewable energy such as wind turbine generator and photovoltaic system are introduced as distributed generators (DGs). Connection of a large amount of distributed generator causes voltage deviation beyond the statutory range in distribution system. Reactive power control of inverter interfaced with DG is one of the solutions against this problem. Additionally, reactive power control has a possibility to contribute for reduction of distribution loss. In this paper, we propose a voltage control method in distribution system by reactive power control of inverters interfaced with DGs. The proposed method has been developed with the aim of reduction of distribution loss and voltage regulation into statutory range without any telecommunications. In the proposed method, each interfaced inverter controls reactive power based on voltage control reference, which is calculated from local measurements. The calculation rule of control reference has been developed using optimal data, which consist of relations between ramdomly given inputs and corresponding optimal outputs calculated by an optimization technique. Simulations are conducted to show the effectiveness of the proposed method.

247    Jwu-Sheng Hu, Keng-Yuan Chen, "Multi-dimensional feedback quantization modulator applied to the control of voltage source inverter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1391 - 1396 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The analysis and design of the switching signal generator for three phase voltage source inverters (VSI) is proposed in this work. Different from the space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) that achieves the three phase input voltage by combination of the basic space vectors, the proposed method is designed to minimize the filtered measure of quantization error. Analysis of error signal is discussed and the conditions to bound the system states are suggested. Various input signal are applied in the simulation. It is shown that the switching number is reduced to 60-70% of the switching number of SVPWM method, conforming the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

248    Yu-Hua Sun, Hurng-Liahng Jou, Jinn-Chang Wu, "Diagnosis method for the degradation of lead-acid battery ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1397 - 1402 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a method for diagnosing the degradation of the lead-acid battery unit. This method can diagnose the degradation of the lead-acid battery unit caused by internal short, opening of internal short or cell reversal. The salient feature of the proposed method is that the state-of-health (SOH) of the battery unit is estimated automatically at the end of each discharge cycle by measuring the battery voltage and current of a battery unit, so that no complicated measurement is required. To verify the proposed method, aging experiments for lead-acid battery are developed. Experimental results show that the proposed method can achieve expected performance.

249    Jiang Chang, Shuyun Jia, "Modeling and collaboration of Wind-solar Power Generation System based on Multi-Agent system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1403 - 1406 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Nonlinear, distributing and random features of wind-solar energy power generation system (WSEPGS) make control question much complexity. In order to resolve these complicated questions, we first introduce the Multi-Agent technique into WSEPGS and establish the system's multi-agent model including data collecting and processing Agent module, control agent module, info-management agent module and resource management agent module. Realization of the multi-agent's collaboration and configuration of its hardware and software are described in detail. Then, by collaboration and communication of the four agent module, the system can share information and knowledge and improve single agent's ability. At last, the multi-agent system of WSEPGS can effectively solve control problem and enhance its stability and intelligence. In consequence, we apply the advanced multi-agent technology into the new WSEPGS, thus the project can improve the development of WSEPGS. Further more, it will realize utility of new energy, economic development as well as environmental protection.

250    M. Dixit, B.V. Barbadekar, A.B. Barbadekar, "Packet classification algorithms ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1407 - 1412 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The process of categorizing packets into flows in an internet router is called packet classification. All packets belonging to the same flow obey pre-defined rules and are processed in a similar manner by the router. Packet classification is needed for non best-effort services, such as firewalls and quality of service, services that require the capability to distinguish and isolate traffic in different flows for suitable processing. The different services are packet filtering, policy routing, accounting and billing, traffic rate limiting, traffic shaping etc. Packet classification can be done on a single field or multiple fields. There are a variety of algorithms proposed for packet classification. They can be broadly categorized as basic data structures / search algorithms, geometric algorithms, heuristic algorithms and hardware specific algorithms. In this paper a review is taken of various packet classification algorithms of the above mentioned categories.

251    Chi-Min Li, Jia-Chyi Wu, Chao-Chin Tseng, I-Tseng Tang, Yu-Cheng Chang, "Performance comparisons of PAPR reduction methods for the OFDM system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1413 - 1416 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) technique has been widely adopted in many wireless communication systems due to its high data-rate transmission ability and robustness to the multipath fading channel. One major drawback of the OFDM signal is the high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) problem. The high PAPR results in the in-band distortion and out-of-band radiation when the OFDM signal is fed into a nonlinear power amplifier (PA). In this paper, we propose a partition dummy sequence insertion (PDSI) method to reduce the PAPR problem and compare with the DSI method. Simulation results of the PAPR reduction and bit error rate (BER) performance for the proposed method are performed to demonstrate its capabilities.

252    U. Ahmad, Wan Sik Choi, "A partial-code serial search algorithm for improved performance of C/A code acquisition ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1417 - 1421 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Intelligent robotic navigation requires precise positioning information. The Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) enables such navigation by providing precise timing, velocity and positioning information to any adequately equipped receiver world-wide. A core capability of these receivers is to identify all visible satellites from a snapshot of received signal. This identification process, called signal acquisition, must be performed in shortest possible time in practical solutions. Conventionally search for the desired satellite in a serial fashion which involves large number of computations. Recently Fourier transform based methods were proposed to speed up the processing. However such a solution requires complex domain signal processing. We propose a partial-code serial search algorithm that significantly reduces the computational time with same reliability of acquisition results.

253    M. Sallinen, T. Heikkila, J. Koskinen, "Sensor based flexibility for robotics in manufacturing applications ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1422 - 1427 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a concept for reconfigurable sensor based robotics for industrial manufacturing applications. Within the concept a robot system is able to carry out tasks autonomously or it can be operated with human in the loop. The robot actions are based on sensory operations, able to support both non-contact sensing as well as physical interaction. A modern industrial robot provides an excellent, easy to adjust platform for reconfigurable sensor based robotics. The new concept is explained in details in different phases with examples in laboratory or industrial environments.

254    F. Nagata, T. Mizobuchi, S. Tani, T. Hase, Z. Haga, K. Watanabe, M.K. Habib, "Impedance model force control using neural networks for a desktop NC machine tool ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1428 - 1433 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In manufacturing industries of metallics molds, various NC machine tools are used. We have already proposed a desktop NC machine tool with compliance control capability to automatically cope with the finishing process of LED lens molds. The NC machine tool has an ability to control the polishing force acting between an abrasive tool and workpiece. The force control method is called impedance model force control. The most important gain is the desired damping of the impedance model. Ideally, the desired damping is calculated from the critical damping condition in consideration of the effective stiffness in force control system. However, one of the serious problems is that the effective stiffness of the NC machine tool has undesirable nonlinearity. The nonlinearity gives bad influences to the force control stability. In this paper, a fine tuning method of the desired damping is considered by using neural networks. The neural networks acquire the nonlinearity of effective stiffness. It has been observed that the desired damping generated from the learned neural networks allows the NC machine tool to achieve a stable finishing result.

255    Tae-Yong Choi, Joon-Hong Seok, Ju-Jang Lee, "Safe robot with artificial pneumatic muscle ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1434 - 1439 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The safety of humans working with robots is an important issue. Many studies have addressed related methods, but fundamental limits to meet required safety have been met owing to the absence of compliance in the robot actuators. Pneumatic muscle is considered to be a basic actuator and offers the advantage of intrinsic elasticity to achieve the joint compliance. Here, the joint compliance actuated by pneumatic muscle is actively utilized to enhance human safety during collisions. To this end, the authors present a novel approach to control compliance and position independently without affecting on the each other's performance using pneumatic muscles. The presented method is verified by experiments using a physical robot.

256    A.G.B.P. Jayasekara, K. Watanabe, K. Izumi, M.K. Habib, "Posture control of a robot manipulator by evaluating fuzzy linguistic information based on user feedback ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1440 - 1445 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes a method for controlling posture of a robot manipulator by fuzzy voice commands. Human-friendly robotic system should be able to understand the fuzzy linguistic information based on the user's guidance and the environmental conditions. The contextual meaning of fuzzy linguistic information depends on the conditions of the environment. Therefore, the user's feedback is evaluated to understand the fuzzy linguistic information related to the posture movements. The primitive posture movements are evaluated by the behavior evaluation network (BEN). Feedback evaluation system (FES) is introduced to evaluate the user's feedback to correct the robot perception by adapting the BEN. The capability of evaluating fuzzy linguistic information based on the current context is enhanced. A selected set of posture movements are used to illustrate the system by using a PA-10 robot manipulator.

257    Seong Jin Kim, Byung Kook Kim, "A hybrid algorithm for global self-localization of indoor mobile robots with 2-D isotropic ultrasonic receivers ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1446 - 1451 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A novel global self localization algorithm is described based on a hybrid method to determine an accurate posture (position and orientation) of mobile robots in our ultrasonic localization system. Our localization system consists of several ultrasonic transmitters fixed at reference positions in global coordinates and a 2D isotropic ultrasonic receiver array composed of receivers on the top of mobile robot. A hybrid global self localization algorithm with selective direct and indirect methods is suggested for the best accuracy obtainable. Simulation and experimental results show the validity and feasibility of the proposed algorithm compared with relevant algorithms.

258    M.K. Habib, K. Watanabe, K. Izumi, "Biped locomotion using CPG with sensory interaction ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1452 - 1457 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This article presents the design and analysis of a controller based on a biologically inspired central pattern generator (CPG) network of mutually coupled Matsuoka nonlinear oscillators to generate adaptive rhythmic human like movement for biped robots.. The paper focuses on the way in which the sensory signals feedback contribute to generate dynamic, stable and sustained rhythmic movements with robust gaits for biped robots. In addition, the paper shows how the driving input and external perturbation affect the speed of locomotion and change the period of its own active phase. The new design was studied through interaction between simulated interconnection coupling dynamics with 6 links and a musculoskeletal model with 6 degrees of freedom (DOFs) of a biped robot. The robot used the weighted outputs of mutually inhibited oscillators as torques to actuate its joints. The implemented model helps to realize the interaction between the controller, the mechanism of the robot, and the environment. In addition, it helps to study the necessary conditions for efficient generation of stable rhythmic walking at different speed, on different type of terrains and robustness in response to disturbances. Evaluations of the developed CPG based adaptive bipedal locomotion are carried out through simulations with successful testing results.

259    Sang Woo Choi, Byung Kook Kim, "Major orthogonal vector-based local localization algorithm for indoor mobile robots ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1458 - 1463 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A low-complexity localization algorithm with high degree of robustness and accuracy is needed for navigation of mobile robots in real-time embedded robotic systems. In this paper we describe an efficient local localization algorithm for mobile robots using major orthogonal vectors that represent major elements of structured indoor environments. We propose major orthogonal vector extraction algorithm using a novel orthogonal least square fitting method and a major orthogonal vector matching algorithm. We also propose a fast position estimation with solutions for both nonsingular and singular cases. The main contribution is reducing the complexity of the matching process, which is the most complex step in local localization algorithm for mobile robots. We examine validity of our algorithm with various simulations and experiments, and also revealed accuracy and reduction of computational time of the matching process compared to conventional localization algorithms.

260    Chyuan-Yow Tseng, Yeou-Feng Lue, Yuan-Ting Lin, Jheng-Cin Siao, Chien-Hsiung Tsai, Lung-Ming Fu, "Dynamic simulation model for hybrid electric scooters ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1464 - 1469 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a dynamic simulation model for a hybrid electric scooter (HES) designed by NPUST in Taiwan. The HES is built in a parallel hybrid configuration with a 24 V 370 W auxiliary power electric motor, a 24 V 600 W generator, a 24 V 15 AH battery, and an electronically controlled fuel injection internal combustion engine (ICE). Because the system is complex and nonlinear in nature, the simulation model utilizes mathematical models in tandem with accumulated experimental data. The methods used to construct the model and to prepare experimental data are fully described. Efforts are made to accurately predict key system parameters including engine speed, velocity, CVT gear ratio, battery state of charge (SOC), and fuel consumption rates during an ECE-40 driving cycle test. The efficacy of the model was verified experimentally with a scooter chassis dynamometer; parameters predicted by the simulation model are seen to be in excellent agreement with those of experiments.

261    Rai-Wung Park, Kyung-Tae Lee, "Design of a bilinear robust controller for a hydrostatic driver ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1470 - 1475 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present a new method of designing a bilinear robust controller in a nonlinear system. This is an alternative and advanced method to control a shaking system with a heavy mass showing troublesome nonlinear effects. For this design procedure, a keel driven by a hydro-rotating driver is given. As the first step, the keel is physically modeled with a number of the limited masses. and based on a physical model the dynamic mathematical model is derived using the finite element method in respect to the Hamilton principle; thus, the system is represented by various subsystems. This is a reference system for the given physical system. Based on a physical model for rotating and transit behavior induced from movement phenomena measured at the bearings on the driver. Then the system is transformed into the bilinear system and based on this system, an bilinear elementary observer is designed to control the behavior of the keel in a yacht. The information for the given system are the measurements of the torque in the driver, velocity and fluid in the valves.

262    S. Domek, P. Dworak, K. Pietrusewicz, "Hybrid model-following control algorithm within the motion control system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1476 - 1481 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The goal of this paper is to present a new robust hybrid method that ensures stiffness of the mechanical characteristic of the direct current motor servo drive, which means lack of influence of the varying load torque on quality of the velocity control, what extends the concept of the MFC-V (model-following velocity control) system that allows one to shape the servo drive transient response, ensuring, among other things, an overshoot free step response in the velocity control loop. The proposed multi-loop-controller solution exemplifies a possible approach to designing a motor servo drive within the motion control system of a CNC (computer numerical control) machines.

263    Z. Jabbour, S. Moreau, A. Riwan, G. Champenois, "Speed estimation comparison between full order state observer & Kalman filter for a haptic interface ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1482 - 1487 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A haptic system is an articulated mechanical structure with motors, sensors as well embedded electronics allowing force feedback. It enables the user to interact with virtual reality through the sense of touch and sight. Speed control of such systems usually becomes unstable at low speed range due to the imposed speed by the operator's hand. This paper describes the implementation of a full order state speed observer as well as a Kalman filter for a single degree of freedom haptic interface driven by a permanent magnet synchronous motor. Those two methods allow accurate speed estimation. The observer and the filter design procedure for haptic interface are analyzed in this paper. In addition, their influence on system stiffness is illustrated, taking into consideration variations of the system inertia.

264    Ting Gao, Soon Suck Jarng, "Design and realization of hearing aids based 3D rapid shell mold ing CADCAM ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1488 - 1492 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper reports on the technique of rapid production of hearing aids with rapid shell modelling (RSM) Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing (CADCAM). It will be worthwhile to understand how the virtual shell designed with RSM from the ear impression. And this virtual shell model is then used as the template to manufacture the actual shell by the RP machine. A detailed description of the processing will be given in this paper. There is also a comparison of conventional manufacturing and this new method processing. We determine that this technique has made a large impact on hearing aid processing and fitting. This new method processing will enhance and provide outstanding, high-quality hearing aid shell production capabilities to customers. Its systems reduce the time and cost of designing products and facilitate direct and indirect manufacturing by creating actual parts directly from digital input.

265    Liping Zhao, Yiyong Yao, Damin Xu, Zongbin Li, "Condition-based quality maintenance in multi-process machining ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1493 - 1497 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In face of the demands of quality maintenance in machining process, aim at continuous change of the condition of complex multi-process machining, a concept of ldquoService-oriented machining process(SoMP)rdquo is put forwarded in this paper. Quality maintenance in multi-process machining is taken as the service target. A framework of quality maintenance in process based on remote is established. On the basis of the framework, system architecture of quality maintenance oriented to remote service is constructed. In allusion to the degradation of service process capability, a flow of degradation evaluation of process capability for process stream is set up. It starts from requiring process condition information, through condition tracking, dynamic analysis and prediction of process condition, to realize decision-making of quality maintenance for service-oriented machining process (SoMP).

266    S. Aghighi, A. Baghramian, R.E. Atani, "Averaged value analysis of 18-Pulse rectifiers for aerospace applications ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1498 - 1503 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper describes the non-linear averaged value models for different configurations of an 18-pulse rectifier. The models allow rectifier and drive system interactions to be examined analytically, or through rapid simulation. The models are validated by comparison with a detailed circuit simulation.

267    C. Karnjanapiboon, K. Jirasereeamornkul, V. Monyakul, "High efficiency battery management system for serially connected battery string ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1504 - 1509 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This article presents an approach for balancing serially connected battery strings with high efficiency energy transferred. The efficiency of this balancing process is accomplished by channeling an excess energy through a DC Link Bus rather than done serially. Using this proposed technique with converter which was 80 percent efficiency, the equalized efficiency of balancing process is increased more than the conventional techniques at least 12.80 percent. By applied this proposed technique to the charge equalized system, the unbalance charging problem can be eliminated. The validity of this approach can be supported by computer simulation and experimental result.

268    B. Kedjar, K. Al-Haddad, "Three-phase four-wire Vienna I rectifier with active filter function including neutral current mitigation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1510 - 1515 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper a Vienna I rectifier is used to achieve active filtering function including the neutral wire current compensation (VR-AF) in a three-phase four-wire system. A linear quadratic with integral action regulator (LQIR) is designed to achieve overall DC bus voltage regulation, harmonics, reactive power and load's neutral current compensations. The converter model is set in the d-q-o rotating reference frame. The latter is augmented with the integral of the q and o components of the (VR-AF) currents and overall DC bus voltage to achieve integral action. The converter is controlled as a multi-input multi-output (MIMO) system and a fixed PWM at 10 kHz is used to generate the gating signals of the power devices. The system is tested for harmonics, reactive power and load unbalance compensation for balanced/unbalanced loads. The simulation results obtained with SPS and Simulink of Matlab show good performance in terms of overall DC bus voltage regulation; line currents shaping, balancing and neutral current mitigation which proved the effectiveness of the adopted control strategy.

269    M. Pfeifer, G. Schroder, "New commutation method of a matrix converter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1516 - 1519 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper an extended matrix converter which is tolerant against an interruption of an input phase when operating with inductive load current is presented. Also a switching off of one or more semiconductors of the inverter matrix can not interrupt the inductive load current. This extended matrix converter works without any complicated commutation strategy and without any of the well known protection circuits. This reduces the measurement and control complexity significantly, whereby the risk of failure in the control strategy decreases.

270    J.-J. Chen, B.-R. Lin, M.-H. Yu, H.-K. Chiang, "Active-clamping dual resonant converter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1520 - 1525 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A dual resonant converter using active clamp circuit is presented in this paper. The active clamp circuit is employed to limit the voltage stress and create zero-voltage-switching (ZVS) turn-on feature for power switches. Moreover, the dual resonant tanks are composed by the leakage inductors and resonant capacitors to achieve zero-current-switching (ZCS) turn-off mechanism for diodes at the secondary side of transformer. Hence, the reverse-recovery problem can be eliminated. The operational principles, design consideration and realization are discussed. Finally, experimental results from a 400W prototype are presented to confirm the effectiveness of the proposed converter.

271    Yan Zhaoyang, Zhang Kun, Zheng Yingnan, Zhang Wei, Li Zhenguo, Wu Weiyang, "Study of a novel SPWM modulation strategy based on absolute value logic for high frequency link matrix rectifier ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1526 - 1529 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Matrix rectifier is evolved from the traditional three phase to three phase matrix converter, and inherits merits of the traditional matrix converter, so it obtains more attention in recent years. According to transformer, matrix rectifier topology falls into the isolated and non-isolated topology. Now the existed modulation strategy mostly focuses on space vector modulation study and is realized difficultly. This paper adopts isolated matrix rectifier topology and proposes a novel SPWM modulation strategy based on absolute value logic, which can realize unit power factor and DC voltage output, and makes transformer keep voltage-second balance in a high frequency switching period. Experiments are done with DSP and CPLD based on the matrix rectifier platform. Simulations and experiments well prove the validity and feasibility of the proposed modulation strategy.

272    Dahai Zhang, Yanqiu Bi, "Novel modulation equations for three-phase inverter in phase control mode ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1530 - 1533 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Modulation theory is widely used for power converter analysis, but it has limited number of equations and it isn't general for all cases. To solve the two problems, the paper investigates all work states of three-phase inverter under phase control with 180-degree conduction. By analyzing the relationship of voltages and currents between the two sides of a inverter, four groups of modulation equations are derived. These equations are different from the present modulation equations. They enrich the modulation theory, and they can be used as flexible and powerful tool for the modeling and analysis of power converters. Case study validates the effectiveness the proposed modulation equations.

273    Longcheng Tan, Yaohua Li, Congwei Liu, Ping Wang, Zixin Li, "Advanced voltage control methods for current source inverters with linear and nonlinear loads ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1534 - 1539 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Based on the mathematical model of the current source inverter (CSI) in the stationary alphabeta frame, this paper proposes advanced stationary frame voltage control methods for CSI with linear and nonlinear loads to achieve zero steady-state error respectively. The voltage control strategy based on a special resonant controller for CSI with linear loads is firstly analyzed in detail, on the basis of which, the voltage control method for CSI with nonlinear loads is proposed and the principle of it is investigated. Because the alphabeta components of CSI output voltage are decoupled in the stationary frame, they can be controlled independently and the controllers can be designed easily. Meanwhile, these voltage control methods don't require accurate circuit parameters, so they can also improve the control system's robustness. At last, all these analyses and the effectiveness of the proposed control methods are firstly validated by simulation, and then are verified further in a 5 kVA laboratory prototype.

274    N.A. Orlando, M. Liserre, V.G. Monopoli, A. Dell'Aquila, "Speed sensorless control of a PMSG for small wind turbine systems ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1540 - 1545 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Wind turbine systems (WTS) based on permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSG) have been gaining more and more importance over the last years. In fact, these generators are self-excited, allowing operation at high power factor and high efficiency. Additionally, the elimination of the gearbox allows a reduction in costs and maintenance. To further reduce the system complexity and the maintenance process, sensors normally used to sense the speed of these generators could be eliminated. This aspect is particularly important for wind turbine installation in harsh environment characterized by extreme weather conditions. To this purpose this paper investigates how a phase locked loop (PLL) can be profitably used to estimate the rotor speed. A systematic analysis is presented as well as simulation and experimental results proving the feasibility of such solution.

275    Tang Yong, Chen Ming, Wang Bo, "New methods for extracting field-stop IGBT model parameters by electrical measurements ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1546 - 1551 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The new generation of field-stop (FS) IGBT integrates the advantageous of former generations and adopts the latest power semiconductor manufacture technology, which enhances its power rating and synthesis performance remarkably. The IGBT physics-based simulator model is a useful tool for device manufacture and application, but the difficulty and complexity of existed parameters extraction methods limit the employment of these models, which also restricts the development of device application and system design level. Furthermore, these methods are not suitable for the new IGBT with a FS layer structure differ with the conventional PT and NPT IGBT. Based on its physical structure and work principle, this paper proposes some new parameters extraction methods for FS IGBT through the data measured from its three electrical ports. The extraction circuits and experiments to a EUPEC IGBT are also introduced, the results of experiments under different working conditions show good consistency, which also proves the accuracy of proposed methods. These extracted parameters are useful for devices structure design, performance optimality and application of the IGBT technology.

276    T.D. Nguyen, H.M. Nguyen, Hong-Hee Lee, "An adaptive carrier-based PWM method for four-switch three-phase inverter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1552 - 1557 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes an adaptive carrier-based pulse width modulation (PWM) for four-switch three-phase inverter. The balanced output currents are guaranteed by this proposed method instead of voltage oscillations across two DC-link capacitors. The linear over-modulation can be easily obtained with this new approach. Simulation and experimental results are shown to validate the feasibility of the proposed method.

277    A.W.F.V. Silveira, D.A. Andrade, A.V.S. Fleury, L.C. Gomes, C.A. Bissochi, "Control of the SRM operating as a motor/generator ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1558 - 1563 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper deals with switched reluctance machine used as a motor/generator drive. The motoring operation is achieved with a half-bridge converter. A strategic modification in the electronic converter topology is required to allow the generator operation mode. It is achieved automatically as well as the phase switching angles control is simultaneously provided. Three different techniques to control the voltage delivered to the load when the machine is operating as a generator are evaluated. All of them exert control on the machine magnetization level. Simulated results are included to show the feasibility of the proposed techniques and to confirm the applicability of the switched reluctance machine as a motor/generator device.

278    T. Sakamoto, Y. Noma, "Guidelines for VSS controller design of LSM-driven ropeless elevator ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1564 - 1568 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a sliding mode controller design and the simulation results of an LSM-driven ropeless elevator. The ropeless elevator model here is driven by air-cored linear synchronous motors with Halbach array PMs. We design the position and attitude control system of the car cage under parameter uncertainty based on the analytical model of the elevator. We confirmed that the cage follows up with the preprogrammed references of velocity and acceleration satisfactorily. We discuss the effects of controller parameters and decomposition of the system on the performance to show the design guidelines of the sliding mode controller.

279    A. Shinke, M. Hasegawa, K. Matsui, "Torque estimation for synchronous reluctance motors using robust flux observer to magnetic saturation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1569 - 1574 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes a robust torque estimation strategy for synchronous reluctance motors (SynRMs) to magnetic saturation using a full-order flux observer, which is based on a new linear flux model. SynRMs possess considerable magnetic nonlinearity, which causes difficulty in obtaining optimal torque control. Thus, to realize optimal torque control, the torque profile needs to be defined according to current amplitude and phase. Finding torque profile, however, also tends to be complicated due to its magnetic non-linearity. This paper proposes a simple torque estimation technique using a full-order flux observer, which can realize torque estimation that is less sensitive to magnetic saturation and core loss. In addition, experimental results show the feasibility of the proposed strategy in this paper.

280    Ying-Wen Bai, Wei-Chun Jau, "Design and implementation of an embedded network arbitrary signal generator ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1575 - 1580 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper we use an embedded system and an external interface circuit to design and implement an embedded network arbitrary signal generator (ENASG). We build a Web server in the embedded system and use CGI (common gateway interface) as the network interface between the Web server and the embedded system. The user can use a PC, a PDA or a smart phone to login to the remote operation interface. After the user has selected and adjusted the output waveform, it is outputted through the external interface circuit. For the ENASG we design four waveform types: sine, square, triangle and arbitrary. The frequency and the voltage of the output waveform are adjustable. The external interface circuit includes the data buffer, the digital-to-analog converter (DAC), the oscillator and the amplifier. The data buffer receives and stores the output waveform data from the embedded system. The oscillator controls the DAC to load the output waveform data and to convert the data into an analog signal. Finally, the amplifier gains the analog signal which is then outputted.

281    F. Kobayashi, Y. Nakanishi, H. Kondoh, "A low-jitter PLL for digital TV instrumentation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1581 - 1586 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: For consumer products of the digital age, dasiastablepsila clock signals are crucial, leading to similar requirement for industrial instrumentation. In order to reduce jitters, rapid fluctuation in frequency, for such applications, this article proposes a novel configuration. Feed-forward compensator improves jitter filtration, without sacrifice in the reduction of inherent jitters. Adaptive gain, which is set high for locking and low for jitter filtration after locking, yields fast responses while keeping jitters low, as well. Its effectiveness is verified on a prototype implemented by an FPGA, and experiments as a multiply-by-50 synthesizer result in 30-fold reduction for inherent jitters and no amplification of incoming jitters.

282    Changmok Oh, Byoung-Suk Choi, Jeong-Jung Kim, Ju-Jang Lee, Ho Joo Lee, "Modified A* algorithm for outdoor environments with risk and velocity map ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1587 - 1591 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A* algorithm can generate the optimized unique path if the cost function is well designed based on the given information. Especially for global path planning (GPP), A* is one of best solutions because GPP itself assume that a prior information. In this paper, classic A* algorithm is modified for outdoor military robot with risk and velocity map. For this purpose, we design velocity map using digital elevation map (DEM) and the cost function for considering risk and velocity map.

283    B.-R. Lin, H.-K. Chiang, F.-P. Tsao, "Active-clamping quad-flyback converter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1592 - 1597 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: An active-clamping quad-flyback converter is proposed to achieve zero voltage switching (ZVS) for all power switches. The secondary sides of quad-flyback converter are connected in parallel to share the load current. Thus, the transformer copper losses and the conduction losses on the output diodes are reduced. Active-clamping part including one auxiliary switch and one clamp capacitor can release the energy stored in the magnetizing and leakage inductances such that the voltage stress of main switch is clamped and main/auxiliary switches can be turned on at ZVS. In the proposed circuit, the constant switching frequency with asymmetrical PWM waveform is generated to realize the ZVS turn-on of switches at the transition interval between main and auxiliary switches. Thus, the switching losses and thermal stresses of the semiconductors are reduced. The operation principle, system analysis and design consideration of the proposed converter are discussed in detail. Finally, a prototype of the proposed converter is implemented by 200 V input voltage, 48 V output voltage, 480 W output power and 90 kHz switching frequency to verify the theoretical analysis and the effectiveness of the proposed converter.

284    K.I. Hwu, Wen-Chih Yen, Y.H. Chen, "Digital control of isolated two-stage DC-DC converter with synchronization considered ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1598 - 1603 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The green energy transfer with isolation is used to transfer the energy which can not be used directly to the energy which can be utilized directly. This is achieved via switching control, i.e. duty-cycle control. However, by this way, the low-duty cycle is likely to deteriorate the utilization effectiveness of semiconductor devices and magnetic components. Consequently, to conquer this problem, a novel control topology is proposed herein and applied to a two-stage isolated voltage-boosting DC-DC converter with synchronization of gate driving signals considered, along with some simulated and experimental results provided to demonstrate its feasibility.

285    K.I. Hwu, Y.T. Yau, "Improvement of one-comparator counter-based PFM control for DC-DC converter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1604 - 1607 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, counter-based pulse-width-modulated (PFM) control according to the output voltage ripple using a one-comparator scheme without any analogue-to-digital converter (ADC) used is presented herein, which is realized based on the field programmable gate arrays (FPGA) and applied to DC-DC converters. However, too small or distorted output ripple limits its performance. Consequently, a positive-sloped ramp wave injection method is used to overcome this problem and enhance its application capability significantly. In the paper, the details of this positive-sloped ramp wave injection method are illustrated. And, some experimental results are provided to verify the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy.

286    Wang Yuanbin, "Dynamic behavior of PWM DC-DC converters in starting process ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1608 - 1611 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Closed loop PWM DC-DC switching converter is strongly nonlinear, and the analytical solution is difficult to be achieved. Oscillation and impulse voltage will probably occur in the output during the starting period in DC-DC converters. In this paper, a pulse-width-modulation(PWM) buck converter is used as an example to discuss such problems so as to predict them in the course of design, and reduce or even avoid above harmful phenomena by modifying the parameters. In order to investigate the dynamic behavior in the output voltage of the converters, differential equations for inductor current profile and output voltage profile are established. The equations are based on the assumption that the frequency of inductor current profile and output voltage profile are much lower than the switching frequency of the converter. The condition leading to oscillation and impulse voltage in the output is obtained. The oscillation frequency, the time that the impulse voltage occur and the max value of impulse voltage are also derived. The proposed approach is verified by PSPICE simulation and experiment results.

287    S. Chudjuarjeen, A. Sangswang, C. Koompai, "An improved LLC resonant inverter for induction heating with asymmetrical control ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1612 - 1617 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes a modified LLC resonant load configuration of a full-bridge inverter for induction heating applications by using asymmetrical voltage cancellation control. The proposed control method is implemented in a full-bridge inverter topology. With the use of a phase-locked loop control, the operating frequency is automatically adjusted to maintain a small constant lagging phase angle under load parameter variation. The output power is controlled using the asymmetrical voltage cancellation technique. The LLC resonant tank is designed with a matching transformer in between the series inductor and paralleled LC resonant tank for short circuit protection capability of the matching transformer and the induction coil. The validity of the proposed method is verified through computer simulation and hardware experiment at the operating frequency of 108.7 to 110.6 kHz.

288    M. Oota, S. Terada, K. Eguchi, I. Oota, "Development of Switched-Capacitor bi-directional DC-AC converter for inductive and capacitive loads ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1618 - 1623 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a research for switched-capacitor (SC) bi-directional DC-AC converter for inductive and capacitive loads. The proposed converter keeps high efficiency even if the phase of the load is changed widely, since the output energy returns to the input. The validity of the proposed converter is confirmed by SPICE simulations. The SPICE simulations showed that (1) the output voltage is kept a sinusoidal for the capacitive load and/or the inductive load, (2) the power conversion efficiency eta is 93% or more regardless the phase thetas of the load (-72< thetas < 72) without output regulation, and (3) the efficiency etareg is 80% or more (-54< thetas < 54) with regulation.

289    R.F. Coelho, F. Concer, D.C. Martins, "A proposed photovoltaic module and array mathematical modeling destined to simulation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1624 - 1629 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Photovoltaic applications are increasing rapidly, thus, an accurate photovoltaic module modeling is requested in order to allow photovoltaic plants simulations. This paper presents a mathematical modeling to describe numerically photovoltaic modules and arrays, taking into account the radiation and temperature effects on output voltage, current and power. A comparison between simulation and experimental results are presented, considering the Kyocera KC200GT module data-sheet information.

290    R.A. Salas, J. Pleite, "Accurate modeling of voltage and current waveforms of nonlinear inductors with finite elements ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1630 - 1633 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, we present a theoretical-experimental comparison of the voltage and current waveforms of an inductor which is included in a buck DC-DC converter at switching frequencies of 40 kHz and 100 kHz. Theoretical waveforms are obtained by combining separate magnetic and electrical modeling procedures. The magnetic modeling is done by Finite Element Analysis (FEA) while the electrical modeling is carried out with a commercial circuit simulator. We study the application of the procedure to an inductor with a ferrite core. It is applied specifically to an RM-shaped core used in power electronics. The comparison between measurements and numerical data obtained from simulations validates the procedure.

291    Wei Keyin, Liu Dezhi, Ou Yangbing, Zhai Xiaofei, Yan Ming, "State-space average-value model of 3-phase 4-wire diode-bridge rectifier ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1634 - 1638 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A 3-phase 4-wire diode-bridge rectifier is one solution of the front-end DC power for high power multilevel inverter. The average-value model (AVM) of 3-phase 4-wire diode-bridge rectifier under continuous conduction mode (CCM) within generator-rectifier system is presented based on state-space averaging method. The AVM is validated using the corresponding switching model of rectifier by simulations in the Matlab/Simulink environment, and using a hardware test system composed of a synchronous generator and its 3-phase 4-wire diode-bridge rectifier load. The results show that the AVM can captures the key steady-state and transient characteristics of the rectifier, and the agreement of DC voltage between the AVM, the switching model, and the hardware circuit are well. The model presented herein can be used for modeling, impedance mapping, and stability assessment with small disturbance of such generator (transformer) -rectifier systems.

292    T. Haman, A. Kazemi, "Improvement of power system transient stability by two control methods: Study and simulation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1639 - 1643 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Using FACTS systems is one of the latest methods which has been used to improve transient stability of power systems during recent years. These flexible systems have been major determinant of transient stability improvement by power swing damping. There are numerous suggested control methods for UPFC control. In this paper we will consider and compare two neural network control methods which are based on Hinfin learning method and discrete control method. These control methods are implemented on both single-machine and multi-machine systems. The results of simulation showed that RBFNN has better performance in domain and swing reduction by far and can be used as an appropriate option in real time calculations.

293    J. Segundo-Ramirez, A. Medina, "Periodic steady state solution of FACTS devices based on SPWM VSCs ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1644 - 1649 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper details a technique in the time domain for the fast periodic steady-state solution of systems including flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) based on sinusoidal pulse width modulation (SPWM); two models for the practical representation of their voltage source converters (VSC) are used. The computation of the periodic steady-state solution of power systems including FACTS is efficiently obtained by extrapolation to the limit cycle using a Newton method based on the discrete exponential expansion. The periodic steady state solution is validated against the solution obtained with the power systems blockset of SIMULINK.

294    K. Deb, Heechul Lim, Kang-Hyun Jo, "Vehicle license plate extraction based on color and geometrical features ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1650 - 1655 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Vehicle license plate recognition (VLPR) is one of the most important topics of using computer vision and pattern recognition in intelligent transportation systems. In order to recognize a license plate (LP) efficiently, the location of the LP in most cases must be extracted in the initial step. In this proposed algorithm, initially, HSI color model is adopted to select automatically statistical threshold value for extracting candidate regions. According to different colored LP, these candidate regions may include LP regions; geometrical properties of LP are then used for classification. The proposed method is able to deal with candidate regions under independent orientation and scale of the plate. Finally, the decomposition of candidate regions contains predetermined LP alphanumeric characters by using position in the histogram to verify and extract vehicle license plate (VLP) region. Experimental results show that the proposed method is very effective in coping with different images under the variety of conditions such as complex scenes, illumination changing, distances and varied weather etc.

295    Jooyoung Jung, Bongsoo Jung, Byeungwoo Jeon, Woong Il Choi, Dae-Sung Cho, Yongserk Kim, "Fast subpel motion estimation using selective motion vector accuracy of inter-mode decision for H.264/AVC ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1656 - 1661 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: MPEG-4 Part-10 AVC/H.264 (H.264/AVC) is the newest video coding standard developed and finalized in March 2003 by the Joint Video Team (JVT) of ISO/IEC (MPEG) and ITU-T (VCEG). It includes many powerful features such as multiple reference pictures, variable block-size motion compensation, quarter-pel accuracy motion compensation, and so on. As a result, it achieves high coding performance but at the expense of huge computational complexity. To reduce the complexity while keeping the same coding performance, we propose a low complexity subpel motion estimation method using two content-aware decision criteria. Based on the criteria, four different levels of subpel motion estimation are proposed to achieve low complexity subpel motion estimation. Simulation results show that the proposed method reduces total encoding time by 55.53% on average and subpel motion estimation time by 82.2% on average.

296    Teik-Toe Teoh, Yok-Yen Nguwi, Siu-Yeung Cho, "Intelligent face locator for smartphone ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1662 - 1667 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The market for smartphones is set for serious expansion. Juniper Research is predicting the annual sales of smartphones will swell to 300 million by 2013 - up from about 153 million in year 2008, a rise of around 95 percent. Therefore, the development of mobile phone software well deserves wider attention. This paper introduces a real-time face processing application that was tested in Windows Mobile environment. This work is targeted towards the development of an efficient and intelligent face recognition system. The system is capable of locating the face region using derivative-based filtering, and classifying human face through the use of AdaBoost classifier. The motivation behind this work is that we aim to develop a robust model that can help to locate face for a portable face recognition application. The experiments carried out show that we have achieved the features of mobile application: speed and efficiency, that is able to deploy facial recognition into smartphone.

297    N. Mizoguchi, H. Oku, M. Ishikawa, "High-speed variable-focus optical system for extended depth of field ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1668 - 1673 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A high-speed camera is essential for observing dynamic phenomena. Such a camera needs a bright lens with large aperture due to the short exposure time. Since the depth of field (DOF) becomes shallow when using a bright lens, there is a demand for a high-speed camera with an extended depth of field. One commonly used technique to extend the DOF is to synthesize images captured at various focus positions. However, this method cannot be applied to a high-speed camera because no conventional mechanism can shift the focus position quickly enough. In this paper, we propose a new high-speed variable-focus optical system for extending the DOF. The proposed optical system is based on a high-speed variable-focus liquid lens with millisecond-order response time that was developed by our group. We show that our proposed system results in better light intensity than the method involving decreasing the diameter of the aperture stop. Furthermore, our experiment demonstrated that a 1000-fps movie with extended DOF was successfully acquired using the high-speed variable-focus optical system in combination with the image synthesizing technique.

298    Hee-Sung Kim, Byungku Bae, "Finger pattern identification for authentication purpose ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1674 - 1678 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The pattern on the finger face is composed of various size of creases, knuckle lines and subcutaneous vascular tubes. The patterns, shapes and sizes of fingers are different from person to person. These features are unique and peculiar to each person such that it can be used as the information for the process to identity an individual. In this paper, the properties of the features on finger face are analyzed and a method of distinguishing a person by the features of finger patterns, shapes, and sizes is presented. All of these features of a finger are able to be represented by a set of matrices obtained through a computation using FFG(Facet function gradient) masks. The gradient and the curvature at each patch in an image are able to be computed by certain operations with the elements of the matrices. In this paper we introduce an algorithm to identify the finger features using the matrices. It is possible to recognize not only the finger pattern but also the shape and size of the finger by this method. Recognition rate is turned out to be 98.2% in an experiment using the method suggested.

299    Hee-shin Kang, Jeong Suh, Taik-Dong Cho, "Study on quality monitoring of laser welding ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1679 - 1682 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: For the purposes of this paper, a study of quality monitoring technology for the laser welding was conducted. Laser welding and industrial robotic systems are used with robot-based laser welding systems. The laser system used in this study was IPG's 1.6 kW fiber laser (YLR-1600), while the robot system was Hyundai Heavy Industry's HX130-02 (payload:130 kg). The robot-based laser welding system was equipped with a laser scanner system for remote laser welding. The welding joints of steel plate and steel plate coated with zinc were butt and lapped joints. The quality testing of the laser welding was conducted by observing the shape of the beads on the plate and the cross-section of the welded parts, analyzing the results of mechanical tension test, and monitoring the plasma intensity by using plasma detector. Over the past three years, Trumpf's 4 kW Nd:YAG laser (HL4006D) and ABB's IRB6400R robot system (payload:120 kg) was used. The new laser source, robot and laser scanner system are used to increase the processing speed and to improve the efficiency of processes. This paper proposes the robot-based remote laser welding system as a means of resolving the limited welding speed and accuracy of conventional laser welding systems.

300    Wei Wang, Xin Feng, Xin Li, "The design and realization of spread signal tracking loop based on FPGA ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1683 - 1686 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The technology of spectrum signal tracking and demodulation not only involves the designs of complex high-speed digital circuits, but also includes the designs of tracking algorithm. In the traditional design, the designers usually adopt the design methods based on FPGA&DSP to achieve all the above contents, which means that the carrier-DCO, code-DCO, the circuits of correlation and integral can be realized in the FPGA chip, while the tracking algorithms are realized in the DSP chip. Differing from the traditional design, this paper constructed one Nios II CPU core in the FPGA chip with the thought of SOPC technology, which made all the function modules could be realized in one FPGA chip.

301    Hsiung-Cheng Lin, Chao-Hung Chen, Guo-Shing Huang, Shin-Ming Chang, "Development of solar power based automatic sunlight adjusting system for home care ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1687 - 1692 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: With increasing population of elder people around the world, the demand of home care system such as sufficient sunlight supplier from natural resource is getting much attention in recent years. This paper has proposed an automatic sunlight adjusting system (ASAS) using solar power for the shutter action control. The proposed system can keep sunlight moderate as desired in the indoor room. Once the solar battery power is insufficient to support the system, the system power can be switched to AC source immediately using the AC/DC switching system (ASS). This mechanism in deed extends the green power applications and is very feasible for general facilities that require no large power. Real practical performance results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach in term of simple, flexible and efficient performance.

302    T. Miyazaki, K. Ohishi, Y. Yoshida, Y. Kamigaki, D. Koide, H. Tokumaru, "Fine perfect tracking control with ZPLPF for high speed optical disk system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1693 - 1698 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The optical disk system is widely used as a data storage system. The tracking control system of optical disk system requires a high precision and robustness against periodic disturbance and sudden disturbance. Therefore, it is difficult for only conventional feedback control system to realize the high-precision and robust tracking control system. This paper proposes high performance tracking control system for optical disk which is a perfect tracking control based on a plant system and zero phase low pass filter. The experimental results point out that the proposed system realizes the high precision tracking control on condition of the disk rotation speed 7,200[rpm], which is equal to conventional HDD disk speed.

303    Ming-Kan Wu, Jing-Siang Wei, Hao-Chung Shih, C.C. Ho, "License plate detection based on 2-level 2D Haar wavelet transform and edge density verification ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1699 - 1704 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Against vertical Sobel operator that most license plate detection (LPD) algorithms adopt, this paper presents a robust and real-time preprocessing method to enhance both edge density and intensity of license plates under various outdoor and indoor environments. The proposed method applies HL subband feature of 2D discrete wavelet transform (DWT) twice to significantly highlight the vertical edges of license plates and suppress the surrounding background noise. Then, several promising candidates of license plates can easily be extracted by first-order local recursive Otsu segmentation and orthogonal projection histogram analysis. Finally, the most probable candidate is selected out by edge density verification and aspect ratio constraint. Experimental results show LPD system based on the proposed 2-level 2D Haar DWT is better than that based on conventional vertical Sobel operator or 1-level 2D Haar DWT in terms of the detection rate.

304    A. Kuzu, S. Bogosyan, M. Gokasan, S. Sahinkaya, "Fast locking of PLLs using sliding mode control ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1705 - 1708 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this study, a chattering free sliding mode controller (SMC) is designed for the control of PLL based frequency synthesizers. Due to fast locking requirement of PLL based frequency synthesizers in frequency hopping spread spectrum communication and radar applications, a sliding mode control approach is demonstrated to be more suitable with its high gain property, over classical control methods. The obtained simulation results are compared with those of a PID controller, and traditional controller design and it has been concluded that the settling time of the frequency synthesizer can be improved using the developed SMC.

305    Kyung-Hyun Choi, Tran-Trung Thanh, Dong-Soo Kim, "A precise control algorithm for single-span roll-to-roll web system using the back-stepping controller ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1709 - 1714 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: There are many important applications in printed electronics and publishing industries that use the principle of roll-to-roll manufacturing to make devices at high speeds with lower cost. Web velocity and tension control algorithm plays an important role in improving the quality of product in mass processing of using roll-to-roll web technology. Most algorithms proposed in recent years use PI or PID controllers and disturbance compensation schemes to increase the precision and the stability. Due to the increasing demand of high accuracy in printed electronics industry at micrometer-level, it is necessary to have a precise control scheme of web velocity and tension in the presence of disturbances. In this paper, a precise control algorithm is proposed for non-linear single-span roll-to-roll web control system using the back-stepping controller with the design parameters chosen optimally by using the modified genetic algorithm. The outcome of this study proves the reliability throughout simulation results in Matlab/Simulink and comparison with the existing results employed by PI controllers.

306    Wei Wu, "Performance enhancement of internal model based anti-windup control for input saturation via loop shaping ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1715 - 1719 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Proposed is a new approach for synthesizing an internal model control (IMC) anti-windup (AW) compensator for a stable plant subject to input saturation. Built on the conventional IMC AW scheme which preserves the stability robustness of the unconstrained system, the proposed linear AW compensator improves the performance of the constrained system. The analysis conducted through the loop decomposition of the AW system clearly reveals the impacts of the AW compensator on the closed loop stability and performance. Loop shaping techniques are executed to design the AW compensator. The effectiveness of this approach is demonstrated using a numerical example.

307    M.R. Khaldi, H.H. El Abiad, S. Chamchoum, E.A. Ahad, "Plant identification and predictive control of a scaled-model helicopter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1720 - 1725 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Scaled-model helicopters are highly nonlinear, coupled, and unstable machines. They have fast response and controlling them is very complicated and need high degree of precision. In this paper, a detailed nonlinear model is derived. Based upon input/output measurements of the nonlinear model, the dynamics of every channel are identified and Linear State Space Models (LSSMs) are obtained. Model Predictive Control (MPC) and optimal PID controller are designed for the obtained LSSM and then applied to the nonlinear plant and the results were compared.

308    Wei Wei, Wang Jing, Li Donghai, "Cascade robust control for a class of MIMO nonlinear systems ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1726 - 1730 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a decentralized cascade robust control scheme is developed for a class of MIMO nonlinear systems with lower triangular property and unknown nonlinearities. Due to the active compensation of the TC controller, the unknown nonlinearities will be counteracted. The algorithm proposed has no problem of the controller singularity, which may occur in algorithms based on neural networks or fuzzy systems. By choosing proper design parameter values, the tracking errors converge to a small neighborhood around zero. Simulations performed on a two-link robot manipulator illustrate the approach and verify its performance.

309    Shui-Ling Sun, Peng Ping, Chao-Tian Chen, "Connective stability of a kind of singular nonlinear large-scale dynamical systems ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1731 - 1736 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: It is important content that the studying connective stability among the stability studying of the large-scale interconnected systems. The many results recently have been given for the normal systems, the studying result of the singular large scale systems, however, is a little. The paper discussed the connective stability of a kind of nonlinear singular large-scale dynamical systems by means of singular Lyapunov equation and vector Lyapunov function. A stable domain of connective parameters is given in the paper which is simple in form. At last we give an example to show the usage of the method and its efficiency.

310    Guo-Shing Huang, Chiou-Kou Tung, Jie-Cong Ciou, "To achieve the path planning of mobile robot for a correct destination and direction using fuzzy theory ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1737 - 1742 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The self-adaptive robot's navigation and path planning is one of the most important research issues for the intelligent robots in industry. The correct direction and destination for the intelligent mobile robot is regarded that the robot can arrive in the desired destination with an accurate direction. This paper proposes the mobile robot route planning algorithm using two fuzzy logic controllers. The first controller is designed as the path planning for mobile robot. The second one is used for avoiding any obstacles to achieve the optimal route by switching over the controller output status. Therefore, the mobile robot can move toward the desired target with accurate direction successfully. In the proposed system, the ultrasonic sensor is employed for recognizing the obstacle and detecting the distance between them. Also, the laser navigation system (NAV 200) is used to implement the navigation function. Accordingly, the mobile robot is capable of adapting to a complicated and unknown changing environment. The experimental results confirm that the error of the destination axle (X and Y) does not exceed plusmn7cm, and the direction angle error is limited within plusmn10deg.

311    Taeyeon Kim, Joon Lyou, "Indoor navigation of skid steering mobile robot using ceiling landmarks ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1743 - 1748 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents an indoor navigation scheme for a skid-steering mobile robot using a low-cost gyro sensor and a monocular camera. Based on the kinematic model under nonholonomic constraint, a motion controller is designed, and so as to account for some uncertainties from the wheel-ground friction and slip, the rotational velocity measurement from a gyro is incorporated into the model. This control scheme based on dead-reckoning localization basically exhibits the aspect of cumulative position error. Hence, the position of the robot is estimated from ceiling landmark images, and is combined with odometric information by an extended Kalman filter (EKF). Consequently, experimental results are given to validate this estimation and control methodology.

312    Sung-Min Han, Sang-Keon Park, Jae-Hag Jung, Kang-Woong Lee, "Mobile robot navigation by circular path planning algorithm using camera and ultrasonic sensor ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1749 - 1754 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper we propose a circular path planning algorithm using a monocular camera and ultrasonic sensors in order for a mobile robot to avoid obstacles. The proposed circular path algorithm determines the radius of a circular to avoid the detected obstacle using its position and size data. A monocular camera and ultrasonic sensors are used in order to compensate the shortage of usage of each sensor. Multiple sensor data are combined using the grid map method. Velocity of the mobile robot to move along the circular path to avoid an obstacle is controlled to guarantee stable motion. The control performance of the proposed algorithm is shown through the experiments using Pioneer2-DX mobile robot.

313    Ya-Chun Chang, Yu Yu Lwin, Y. Yamamoto, "Sensor-based trajectory planning strategy for non-holonomic mobile robot with laser range sensors ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1755 - 1760 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a trajectory planning strategy of a four-wheeled mobile robot in an obstructed environment. Two 2-dimensional laser ranger finders are equipped on the mobile robot in order to perform sensor-based planning without any a priori knowledge about its environment. The potential field method is utilized to create force fields around obstacles and a goal. Look-ahead control is adopted to steer the mobile robot in which a reference point located in front of the robot is dynamically changed such that the mobile robot is able to successfully maneuver among the obstacles and reach the goal. The proposed algorithm for obstacle definition enables the mobile robot to perform autonomous navigation task under environments where different heights and shapes of unknown obstacles exist.

314    In-Kyu Sa, Ho Seok Ahn, Kwang Moo Yi, Jin Young Choi, "Implementation of home automation system using a PDA based mobile robot ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1761 - 1766 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, we propose a novel architecture of PDA based mobile robot for home automation systems. There are several key concepts required for realizing a robot based home automation. First, it should be able to move freely around in home or office environment, manage home appliances through the wireless network, and detect color patches through efficient image processing to provide computational redundancy for higher-level functions. Second, to provide a user friendly interface, we propose an attractive personal computer based client program and a PDA based client program. Third, in order to employ in actual home environment, it needs a well-designed robot frame. In these respects, we propose an environment-friendly design concept for mobile robots. In addition, as PDA has lower computational power than single board computer or personal computer, we concerned about optimization methods for software running on PDA.

315    Nguyen Hoang Giap, Jin-Hoon Kim, Hyun-Min Kim, Jin-Ho Shin, Won-Ho Kim, "Adaptive robust neural network controller for position tracking of AC servo drives ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1767 - 1772 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The neural network with radial basis function is introduced for position tracking control of AC servo drive with the existence of system uncertainties. An adaptive robust term is applied to overcome the external disturbances. The proposed controller is implemented on a high performance digital signal processing DSP TMS320C6713-300. The stability and the convergence of the system are proved by Lyapunov theory. The validity and robustness of the controller are verified through simulation and experimental results.

316    Hsiung-Cheng Lin, Chao-Hung Chen, Guo-Shing Huang, Ying Chu Liu, Wei Chung Hsu, "Development of humanoid robot action control system using independent microprocessors ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1773 - 1778 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: With increasing demand of robot applications in industry or other areas, the development of both reliable and low-cost robot action control system is getting much attention in recent years. This paper has proposed a local closed-loop based humanoid robot action control module using independent microprocessors. The robot action commands transmitted from PC via RS232 can be received by the individual authorized microprocessor. There are up to tens of modules to be operated for a variety of robot actions simultaneously and independently. Real world performance results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach in term of robust, simple, flexible and efficient performance.

317    Fu-Cheng Wang, Chung-Huang Yu, Tai-Yu Chou, Nai-Chung Chang, "Design and control of an active gait trainer ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1779 - 1784 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper demonstrates the design and control of an active gait trainer for children with walking disabilities. Compared to the traditional rehabilitation procedures in which two or three trainers are required to assist the patient, a motor-driven mechanism was constructed to improve the efficiency of the procedures. The work was carried out in four steps. First, a six-bar mechanism was designed to mimic the preferred trace of ankle joints. Second, system identification techniques were applied to obtain the system transfer functions. Third, robust control algorithms were used to design Hinfin robust controllers to follow the traces. Finally, the designed controllers were implemented for performance verification. Based on the simulations and experimental results, the proposed mechanism and control are deemed effective.

318    Tae-Koo Kang, Huazhen Zhang, Gwi-Tae Park, "Stereo-vision based motion estimation of a humanoid robot for the ego-motion compensation by type-2 fuzzy sets ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1785 - 1790 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper addresses an efficient the vision based motion estimation method of a humanoid robot for the ego-motion compensation using type-2 fuzzy sets. A humanoid robot should have the ability to autonomously recognize its surroundings and to make right decisions under unknown environment. To enable a humanoid robot to do this, ego-motion compensation for a humanoid robot is mandatory. Therefore, we suggest the ego-motion estimation method so that the errors of the environment recognition caused by the ego-motion of a humanoid robot are eliminated. This method uses the disparity map obtained from the stereo-vision and can be divided into three parts - segmentation, feature extraction, estimation. In the segmentation part, a novel type-2 fuzzy sets based segmentation method to extract the objects is used. In the feature extraction module, features are extracted by the wavelet level-set transform. Moreover, least square ellipse approximation is used in the estimation part to calculate the displacement for the rotation and translation between image sequences. From the results of experiments, we can know that the proposed method can be applied to a humanoid robot effectively.

319    Y. Shibuya, N. Maru, "Control of 6 DOF arm of the Humanoid Robot by Linear Visual Servoing ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1791 - 1796 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes a position and posture control method of the 6 DOF arm of the humanoid robot by linear visual servoing. It is based on the linear approximation of the forward kinematics which has a similar kinematic structure as a human being. Forward kinematics is the transformation from joint space to binocular visual space. Pseudo inverse matrix of the 3 linear approximation matrices of the 3 points makes it possible to realize position and posture control of 6 DOF arm by linear visual servoing. It is very robust to calibration error of camera angles, because it uses neither camera angles nor joint angles to calculate feedback command. Furthermore, the amount of calculation is very small compared to the conventional visual servoing schemes. Although the conventional 6 DOF arm control methods based on pseudo inverse matrix need non-linear complex calculation using joint angle, the proposed method does not need it. Simulation results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

320    Young-Su Cha, Bum-Jae You, "Dual control network method for efficient real-time humanoid robot control system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1797 - 1802 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a new control network method for real-time humanoid robot control system is proposed. The network method consists of dual structure and it is implemented with two communication protocol: high speed over 100 Mbps IEEE 1394, and controller area network (CAN) strong in noisy environment. The main advantages of the control network are represented by a high communication speed and low noise sensitivity. In addition the communication delay in control network is considerably reduced. The control network method is validated in robot control system humanoid robot MAHRU. The robot equipped by several motors represents the best experimental platform for testing high power motor control and correlated noise.

321    M. Davari, I. Salabeigi, G.B. Gharehpetian, S.H. Fathi, J. Milimonfared, "Multifunction current controller for inverter-based distributed generation using combined pi-sliding mode controller via Sigma-Delta Modulation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1803 - 1808 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The fast changes in the reactive power consumption can cause considerable variations at the load-side and can influence on the operation of other power consumers which and point of common coupling (PCC) voltage. In this paper, a current control strategy based on sigma delta modulation (SigmaDeltaM) is presented for the interfacing DG inverter. The inverter is called sigma-delta based current controlled voltage source inverter (SigmaDelta_CC_VSI). It controls active and reactive powers independently with fast voltage regulation. It is shown that the SigmaDeltaM generates sliding mode regime. As a result, it is possible to combine the proportional-integral (PI) with sliding mode controllers. It is shown that the proposed SigmaDelta_CC_VSI reduces the harmonics amplitude variations of the unfiltered voltage. Therefore, it reduces the electromagnetic interference (EMI) problems.

322    Yijie Wang, Xiangjun Zhang, Wei Wang, Dianguo Xu, "A digital 70W metal halide lamp electronic ballast with ZVS inverter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1809 - 1812 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a new kind of digital 70 W metal halide lamp electronic ballast. Dual-buck half bridge with high efficiency and reliability is chosen here, with this topology, ZVS can be achieved easily. The AVR special microcontroller for HID ballast is used to raise control performance, and low-frequency square-wave control method is adopted to avoid acoustic resonance. Experimental results show that metal halide lamp works steadily without acoustic resonance, harmonic content can be controlled below 10% and efficiency of the ballast can be higher than 92%.

323    K.I. Hwu, Y.T. Yau, "One-comparator counter-based PWM control for DC-AC converter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1813 - 1816 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, the one-comparator counter-based pulse-width-modulated (PWM) control strategy without any analog-to-digital converter (ADC), used in the DC-DC converter, is applied to the DC-AC converter with some modifications. Via some experimental results based on the field programmable gate array (FPGA), the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme is demonstrated by the DC-AC converter operating both in the steady state and the transient.

324    P. Hothongkham, V. Kinnares, "High-voltage high-frequency power supply using phase shift PWM full bridge inverter fed ozone generator ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1817 - 1822 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes the high-voltage high-frequency power supply for an ozone generator using a phase-shifted pulse width modulation (PWM) full bridge inverter. The circuit operation is fully described. The high-frequency transformer and ozone generator mathematical models are also included for preliminarily calculating of instantaneous voltages and currents. The proposed system simulation using the MATLAB /SIMULINK software package is given. In order to ensure that zero voltage switching (ZVS) mode always operates over a certain range of a frequency variation, a series-compensated resonant inductor is included. The advantage of the proposed system is a capability of varying ozone gas production quantity by varying the frequency and phase shift angle of the converter whilst the applied voltage to the electrodes is kept constant. The correctness of the proposed technique is verified by both simulation and experimental results.

325    H.R.N. Pouya, H. Mokhtari, "Control of parallel three- phase inverters using optimal control and SVPWM technique ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1823 - 1828 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, optimal control strategy is applied to parallel three-phase inverters using SVPWM technique. The three-phase system is transformed to a synchronous-stationary frame, suitable cost functions are defined, and the switching schemes are determined for the inverters. The control strategy minimizes the circulating current between the inverters, therefore, proper load sharing scheme is achieved. Simulations are performed for steady state and load change operation, and the results which show the suitability of the controller are provided.

326    F. Genduso, R. Miceli, C. Rando, "Implementation and experimental validation of a real-time PWM algorithm based on B-Spline carriers for three phase voltage source inverters ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1829 - 1834 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents the implementation and experimental results of an algebraic real-time sinusoidal pulse width modulation algorithm (SPWM) based on B-Spline carriers. B-spline functions are used as carrier signals with the aim to to reduce harmonic content of the three phase inverter output voltage. The presented algorithm eliminates the problem of B-spline recursive evaluation with convolution integrals or convolution sums in digital counterpart. The pulse pattern synthesis is made with the help pre-calculated duty cycle expressions. In this way there is no real need to synthesize the carrier signal so the hardware and the whole inverter control system becomes cheaper, more reliable and affordable. The proposed implementation Algorithm effectiveness is finally verified by means of experimental tests in different operating condition (e.g. for different values of the amplitude modulation index and for different values of the power factor) of a three phase inverter.

327    Wenqiang Zhao, Guozhu Chen, "Approaches to shunt Active Power Filter for application with capacitive nonlinear load ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1835 - 1840 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper analyzes the harmonic characteristics of diode rectifier with a large smoothing DC capacitor, interprets why shunt active power filter (SAPF) is not suitable for compensation voltage-type harmonic, and reveals the reason why the load peak current is enlarged at the same condition by using the subsection resonance mechanism. Furthermore, two-type methods are proposed to deal with the problems by this paper, i.e. to modify the topology/parameters so as to change the resonant frequency of the system; while the other is to improve and change SAPF's compensation bandwidth to be a selective or limited one. Both of them can suppress the harmonic current effectively and guarantee the load-side current without significant enlargement. Simulation results validate the feasibility of the schemes proposed by this paper.

328    Wenqiang Zhao, Yuling Li, Guozhu Chen, "A double-loop current control strategy for Shunt Active Power Filter with LCL filter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1841 - 1845 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Shunt active power filter (SAPF) is suitable to compensate current-type harmonics caused by nonlinear load, but high compensation precision is difficult to be obtained due to very high slew rate of harmonic current, output impendence of voltage source converter (VSC) and control loop phase lag. LCL-filter with high attenuation ratio and small LC parameters is appropriate to be used as output filter considering the mentioned reasons. However, LCL-filter, as a third-order resonant circuit itself, is difficult to be stable. This paper proposes a novel control strategy for shunt active power filter with a LCL output switching filter. It integrates an outer loop of grid-side filter current regulator and an inner control loop of capacitor current feedback, which essentially imitates an active damper or a virtual resistor. Based on this double-loop control scheme, the SAPF can dramatically improve its efficiency and high quality steady-state grid current waveform and fast-dynamic response can be obtained even under the case of serious distorted grid voltage. Analysis and simulation results validate the correctness and feasibility of the proposed control strategy.

329    K. Yingkayun, S. Premrudeepreechacharn, K. Oranpiroj, "A power quality monitoring system for real-time fault detection ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1846 - 1851 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes an embedded system applied for power quality monitoring that captures waveform of fault signal on single phase or 3-phases system in real time and allows users to control and receive data from remote module via Ethernet networks by using TCP/IP protocol. The power quality monitoring system stored fault data in CSV (comma separated value) format into SD-CARD which are easy to analyze later by spread sheet program. The monitoring system uses the energy measurement integrated circuit (IC) ADE7758 with integrated power quality monitoring features, AL440B FIFO (first-in first-out) memory, LPC2368 microcontroller and ADUC7024 microcontroller. The monitoring system can detect sags, swell and interruptions in power lines and stored fault data when fault signals detected.

330    M. Hamzeh, H. Mokhtari, "Power quality comparison of active islanding detection methods in a single phase PV grid connected inverter ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1852 - 1857 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, the power quality of a single-phase photovoltaic grid connected inverter when uses active islanding detection methods is investigated. Two main groups of these methods are analyzed in this paper. The main focus is on the output power quality of PV sources for these methods. Also the variation of output current THD, while the output power changes, is explored. The variation of output current THD is measured when the parameters of active islanding detection method are changed, and the limitation of these parameters for complying power quality standards in the nominal output power is detected.

331    E.B. Barcenas, V. Galindo, J.A. Roffiel, "PWM rectifier with active filter function using a Passivity Based Controller ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1858 - 1863 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This work presents a PWM rectifier with active filter function that use a Passivity Based Controller. The method used to obtain the controller is shown and the PWM rectifier with active filter function is evaluated when it is compensating a polluting load (SCR rectifier). Simulation and experimental results with a prototype at low voltage and low power are shown. The Passivity Based Controller is used to compensate different situations of the polluting load.

332    J. Ryu, T.H. Nishimura, "Fast image blurring using Lookup Table for real time feature extraction ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1864 - 1869 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a novel fast Gaussian blurring method that uses look-up table (LUT) is presented for creating a real time difference of Gaussian (DoG) pyramid. The LUT for fast and accurate Gaussian blur is obtained from the values calculated from one-dimensional(1D) Gaussian elements and pixel values of image. To evaluate the method, computation time and similarity with a conventional two-dimensional(2D) Gaussian blur are measured, and compared to other blurring methods. Based on the computational results, the proposed method shows good performance than other blurring methods such as box filter, Stack-blur, Romain Guy's method, and recursive Gaussian blur. The proposed method could be effectively applied to create the DoG pyramid for feature extraction.

333    Shiping Zhu, Jun Tian, Xiaodong Shena, K. Belloulata, "A novel cross-hexagon search algorithm based on motion vector field prediction ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1870 - 1874 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Search patterns and the center-biased characteristics of motion vector distribution have large impact on both searching speed and quality of block motion estimation. In this paper, we propose a new cross-hexagon search algorithm (NCHEXS) using two cross-shaped search patterns as the first two initial steps and large/small hexagon-shaped patterns as the subsequent steps for fast block motion estimation (BME). NCHEXS employs halfway stop technique to achieve significant speedup on sequences with stationary and quasi-stationary blocks. To further reduce computational complexity, NCHEXS employs modified partial distortion criterion (MPDC). Experimental results indicate that the improvements of NCHEXS over hexagon search (HEXS) and cross-diamond search (CDS) can save 45% and 28% of search points while keep similar PSNR, and NCHEXS provides faster searching speed and smaller distortion than other popular fast block-matching motion estimation algorithms.

334    Siu-Yeung Cho, Lingyu Wang, Wen Jin Ong, "Thermal imprint feature analysis for face recognition ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1875 - 1880 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Recently, vein pattern biometrics has attracted increasing interest from both research and industrial communities. The properties of uniqueness, stability and strong immunity to forgery of the vein patterns would make a potentially good biometric trait offer secure and reliable features for person identity verification. In this paper, a novel approach for personal verification by analyzing the face patterns formed by thermal imaging is presented. A new feature set is proposed to represent the thermal face: the bifurcation points of the thermal pattern and the geographical gravity center of the thermal face region. We proposed to use the Modified Hausdorff Distance to measure the similarity between two feature vectors of the thermal face. The work in this paper shows that the thermal face patterns can provide a reasonable level of discriminating power, and has the potential to be used in the context of biometric applications especially when used in conjunction with other biometric modals.

335    Xia Fei, Zhang Hao, Peng Daogang, Xu Longhu, Yang Li, Xia Jun, "Holography analysis based on image segmentation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1881 - 1884 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: An approach of image segmentation was used in the application of particle holography analysis for the diameter measurement. The whole process of image segmentation based on boundary detection was delivered. For improving the accuracy, the segmented particle image has been obtained by the bi-threshold method which decreases influence of background noise and inhomogeneous gray distribution of holography. The experiment results showed the most relative error is less than 6%. The study has some meanings on the data processing in particle field holography.

336    Nam-Woong Kong, Byung-Hoon Kang, Mi-Rim Ha, Poo-Gyeon Park, Hyun Jin So, "Development of the brightness quality improving system with the video region detection algorithm ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1885 - 1888 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper proposes an algorithm for detecting the video region and improving the video quality on a digital monitor. The proposed algorithm is implemented in the circuit board we developed. The algorithm finds the video region by checking where pixels change on a digital monitor. After detecting the video region, a brightness of the video is improved by using the gamma curve. From the experimental results, the proposed algorithm detects the video region well for any video size and improves the brightness of the video.

337    Yu-Kumg Chen, Tung-Yi Cheng, Shuo-Tsung Chiu, "Motion detection with using theory of entropy ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1889 - 1892 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The traditional automatic smart image surveillance system can usually be used in the environment with still background. That is, the background image must not contain the moving objects. If there is waving ocean, waving tree, floating cloud, or raining in the background image, the traditional methods do not work well. In order to improve this problem, a new motion detection method based on the theory of entropy and combined a multi-periods sigma-delta background estimation algorithm is developed in this paper. Based on the theory of moving average, a moving thresholding method is designed in this paper to obtain a sequence of alarm announcements. Experiments are carried out for some samples with dynamic backgrounds to demonstrate the computational advantage of the proposed method.

338    Xu Xuebin, Zhang Deyun, Zhang Xinman, Long Hongyu, Chen Xi, Wu Cailing, "NSCTWavelet: An efficient method for multimodal biometric recognition based on pixel level fusion ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1893 - 1898 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Biometric recognition is emerging as a powerful means for automatically recognizing a person's identity with a higher reliability. Especially, multimodal biometric fusion techniques have received a lot of attention and interest in recent years. To improve the recognition rate of the singlemodal biometric system and to solve the small samples recognition problem, a multimodal biometric recognition approach based on pixel level fusion is originally proposed in this paper. We use two kinds of biometric techniques: palmprint recognition and face recognition. Firstly, all image samples are normalized and decomposed using nonsubsampled contourlet transform. Then we combine the normalized nonsubsampled contourlet-transformed face and palmprint features at the pixel fusion level. At last, the KNN classifiers are used to determine the final biometric classification. and biometric recognition results will be obtained. The experiments are performed on the two well-known databases: CVL database and PolyU palmprint database. We only use one sample of every class as the training sample in the experiments. The experimental results indicate that the proposed approach has better performance than singlemodal solution. and the proposed approach can effectively extract the detailed feature information of the biometric images.

339    Wang Jun, Lei Peng, Yang Dong, Li Wei, Yan Xinyu, "A novel deinterleaving algorithm of radar pulse signal based on DSP ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1899 - 1903 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A deinterleaving algorithm of radar signal based on DSP is presented in this paper, which is according to the structure of the deinterleaving system, characteristics of PDW (pulse descriptor word) and histogram method. The threshold determination, accumulation of PRI (pulse repetition interval) and others in the algorithm applied in different fields are introduced in detail. The experimental results and comparison with PRI transform method show that the algorithm in the paper does not only achieve the excellent deinterleaving performance in the mixed signal of normal pulses, staggered pulses and jittered pulses with high density of 200 thousand pulses per second from the same direction, but also do well with the capability of real-time processing and robustness.

340    H. Maruta, Y. Kato, A. Nakamura, F. Kurokawa, "Smoke detection in open areas using its texture features and time series properties ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1904 - 1908 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In extensive facilities such as port facilities, chemical plants, and power stations, it is important to detect a fire early and certainly. The purpose of this paper is to present a new smoke detection method in open areas, as smoke is considered as a significant signal of the fire. It is assumed that the camera monitoring the scene of the open area is stationary. Since smoke does not keep stationary shape or image features like edges, it is difficult apply ordinal image processing techniques such as the edge or contour detection directly. In this paper, we propose a novel method of the smoke detection in an image sequence, in which we combines the several images techniques to detect smoke. We apply it to images of open areas under general environmental conditions. First, moving objects are detected from gray.scale image sequences, and then the noise is removed with the image binarization and the morphological operation. Furthermore, since the smoke pattern must be examined, the smoke feature is extracted with the texture analysis. Then, to obtain the final result of the proposed method, we discussed the properties of the proposed features as the time series data.

341    Xue-Mei Li, Ran Tao, Liu-Ling Dai, Yue Wang, "Reality-preserving image encryption associated with the generalized Hilbert transform ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1909 - 1913 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A novel image encryption technique is proposed associated with the generalized Hilbert transform in this paper. Two schemes of this technique are presented in generating real encrypted image and recovering the original image. The encrypted image is real-valued without data expanding, which can benefit the digital processing of images by electronic computers where speed of computation is important. The angles of the 2-D fractional Fourier transform, the phase of the fractional Hilbert transform and the pixel permutation matrix are as keys in the proposed method, which can improve the security of the image encryption. The mean square error between the decrypted and original real image is evaluated; and the robustness with respect to the blind encryption is performed. Simulation results show the validity of the proposed technique.

342    Daejung Bang, Haijiang Tang, S. Kamata, "Linear predictor using 3-D projection for video lossless compression ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1914 - 1918 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Recently, video lossless compression has been developed for applying it to digital cinema, video archiving of contents, etc. Video lossless compression is important in image processing problem since a large image requires a large amount of storage space. The purpose of this paper is to enhance the predictor used for the lossless compression of video. In this paper, we propose the 3-dimensional predictor for the effective prediction. In addition, the three-dimensional spatio-temporal gradient is adopted to improve the conventional image compression methods such as GAP, MED which are two-dimensional predictions based on horizontal and vertical gradients. The spatio-temporal gradient is a spatial data resulted from the projection of triangular prism composed of the neighborhood pixels. From the experimental results compared with the previous prediction methods, we confirmed that the prediction using proposed method is more efficient.

343    H. Shah, M. Gopal, "Hybridization of model-based approach with reinforcement fuzzy system design ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1919 - 1924 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Reinforcement learning (RL) is a popular learning paradigm to adaptive learning control of nonlinear systems, and is able to work without an explicit model. However, learning from scratch, i.e., without any a priori knowledge, is a daunting undertaking, which results in long training time and instability of learning process with large continuous state space. For physical systems, one must consider that the design of controller is very rarely a tabula rasa: some approximate mathematical model of the system is always available. In this paper, our focus is on control applications wherein the system to be controlled is a physical system. We can always obtain at least an approximate mathematical model of the plant to be controlled. We propose a method for hybridization of model-based approach with RL, which is the right solution for such control problems. The superiority of proposed hybrid approach has been established through simulation experiments on a cart-pole balance bench mark problem, comparing it with model-free RL system. We have used fuzzy inference system for function approximation; it can deal with continuous action space in Q-learning. Comparison with other function approximators has shown its superiority in terms of robustness of the controller to parameter variations in the plant.

344    A. Firoozshahi, "Innovative intelligent DCS based method for tank gauging control system in large oil terminal ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1925 - 1931 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The introduction of microprocessor-based plant control occurred shortly before 1980 with simple single-loop controllers. This technology quickly evolved into a DCS with control processor redundancy, high-density input/output systems, and a human machine interface (HMI). Today's tank management plans are faced with intense pressure to improve storage reliability. Thereby, current business goals focus on increasing operational efficiency and overall equipment effectiveness. In support of this, a tool used to identify production loss and asset availability. Third-generation DCS employ powerful object-oriented design technology to enable efficiency improvements within daily operations and maintenance (O&M) activities. Additionally, advanced process optimization technology is added to support improvements in process efficiencies. Control system technology also now integrates several fieldbus protocols, thus enabling more flexible plant designs as well as improved data for maintenance. In this paper, the Innovative, modernization, design, integration, development and implementation of a computer-based (DCS) tank gauging system for the large tank farm is described. The complex included 37 storage tanks located at 10 different groups. Each group supports data collection on the pipeline computer located in the main control room. The new and modern tank level gauging systems incorporate Radar gauges for tanks, with transmitters for temperature and pressure. All types of these gauges offer an upgrade in performance and maintainability.

345    W.W. Godfrey, S.B. Nair, Kim Dong Hwa, "Towards a dynamic emotional model ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1932 - 1936 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Emotions in general are a complex phenomenon to comprehend. They have been known to influence decisions as also behavior. Several computational models for emotions have been attempted. In this paper we present the dynamics and working of a multi-agent emotion generating system. Three basic emotions viz. happiness, fear and anger have been used to generate a resultant internal mood for a machine or a robot whose state depends on the immediate past. We compare the results obtained with those generated by a conventional fuzzy model to highlight their significance.

346    Woonchul Ham, Ts. Khurelbaatar, Kyumann Im, "Computer graphic animation for helicopter control ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1937 - 1942 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, we present computer animation skill for a linear controller for attitude of helicopter. We use a rotational matrix in one approach and a quaternion in the other approach to describe the dynamics and controller. We use 3ds max software for the design of the helicopter and combine this software with OpenGL for the animation of the helicopter. The construction of the helicopter are composed of three main parts, main body, main rotor, and tail rotor. All the data for the dynamics are derived by using Matlab and used for the animation of the graphics.

347    Tran Quang Vinh, Nguyen Hoang Giap, Tae-Won Kim, Moon-Gyo Jeong, Jin-Ho Shin, Won-Ho Kim, "Adaptive robust fuzzy control and implementation for path tracking of a mobile robot ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1943 - 1949 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, an adaptive robust fuzzy control scheme with a genetic algorithm (GA) is proposed to solve the path tracking problem of a wheeled mobile robot. The presented controller consists of a fuzzy basis function network (FBFN) to approximate an unknown nonlinear function of the robot dynamics with uncertainties. A genetic algorithm is employed in the fuzzy inference to optimize the fuzzy rules of FBFN. The robust term with adaptive update rules is designed to suppress the external disturbances, hence it makes the system insensitive to the noises and disturbances of the environment. The robot dynamics including the actuator dynamics is considered. The stability and the convergence of the tracking errors are guaranteed by using the Lyapunov stability theory. The validity and robustness of the proposed control scheme are demonstrated through computer simulations and experiments with a wheeled mobile robot.

348    Honglin Liu, Peng Hu, Yangyu Luo, Chengrong Li, "A goal-oriented fuzzy reactive control method for mobile robot navigation in unknown environment ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1950 - 1955 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: To realize autonomous goal-oriented navigation of a mobile robot in an unknown environment, this paper proposed a fuzzy reactive control method. A virtual target approach under special optimization criteria is applied to resolve trap situation problems such as recursive U-shaped environment. The other topic considered in this paper is the Goal-Unreachable with Nearby Obstacles (GUWNO), such problem is resolved by a simple but efficient approach based on dynamic safe distance. Simulation and experimental results are presented to show the effectiveness of these proposed approaches.

349    Taehee Lee, Joongyou Shin, Dongil Cho, "Position estimation for mobile robot using in-plane 3-axis IMU and active beacon ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1956 - 1961 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In most cases, indoor environment is unstable because of floor condition, obstacles and room noise. So, to elevate accuracy of robot position data at unstable condition, a robot navigation system needs to apply diverse sensor fusion methods. This paper presents a navigation system consisting of a MEMS based digital in-plane 3 axis IMU (inertial measurement unit), an active beacon system and an odometer to obtain more precise robot position data and to monitor robot movement in realtime. Two accelerometers and one gyroscope compensate the nonsystematic errors of an odometer and perceive collision, bounce and slippage. Besides, fusing data of an IMU and an odometer can provide robot position data when an active beacon is losing its signal. When relative robot position data is unreliable, an active beacon system provides the absolute position data of the robot. To reduce noise of input sensors signal, low-pass filter and Kalman filter are applied. The sensor data from an in-plane 3-axis IMU, an odometer and an active beacon system are combined to obtain a precise navigation system. Results from two experiments in a real environment show that accuracy of robot position is elevated and that robot position data is not lost irrespective of robot's environment.

350    Hyunuk Jeong, Taehoun Song, Soonmook Jeong, Haeil Hyun, Ilseuk Song, Myungjin Kim, Keyho Kwon, Jaewook Jeon, "Design tool for a humanoid robot's motion ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1956 - 1961 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: We propose a method by which a humanoid robot learns motion through an intuitive interface with a human. Using the proposed design tool, anyone can easily control and teach robot motion. Our intuitive interface uses images of the robot. Users handle the robot image with a computer mouse, and save each segment of motion to the memory device of the robot. Then, each segment of motion makes a sequential motion pattern. With this method, users can teach motion to the humanoid robot in any way they wish. This is a first step in developing a complete learning system for humanoid robots. If the interface method is changed to a more direct method (e.g., voice-based), the proposed system is particularly advantageous.

351    Huailin Zhao, M. Sugisaka, Enyu Jiang, "Research on CMAC control algorithm for a soft joint ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1967 - 1972 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: As to the robot joint actuated by a pair of McKibben muscles, a CMAC neural network and PID based compound control algorithm is designed. The CMAC as a feed forward compensator realizes the reverse dynamic model of the robot joint. The PID controller realizes the feed back control in order to guarantee the stability of the system. The output of the compound controller is exerted to the robot joint. CMAC regulates its network weights by on line learning and forces the PID output to tend to zero, so that the total control action is generated by CMAC. Some simulations are done and they have proved that the compound control algorithm has good tracking performance and anti-disturbance ability. And it behaves fast responding.

352    Taehyung Kim, J. Yang, "Control of a brushless DC motor/generator in a fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1973 - 1977 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, the control of a brushless DC motor/generator in a light motorcycle powered by fuel cell energy for mass production is presented. The zero emission vehicle development will improve air quality and protect the environment. The control strategies for motoring and regenerative braking operations of a brushless DC motor are explained in detail based on a system hybrid control of a fuel cell hybrid vehicle. A prototype experimental test-bed is built for experimental verifications and results are discussed.

353    M.Y. Ibrahim, J. Wang, "Mechatronics applications to fish sorting Part 1: Fish size identification ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1978 - 1983 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper describes research conducted on the design of a new automatic fish sorting system at Monash University, Australia. A concurrent mechatronics approach was implement to achieve the project's goals. Also, a technique based on digital imaging was developed for the task of identification of fish sizes. The system is being implemented in the local fish export industry, providing a low cost operation with improved productivity and reliability in the fish sorting process. A computer-based vision system is used for analysis of the fish. A new algorithm is developed to directly determine the length of fish with fast on-line real-time processing. The measurement technique is also applicable to various species. The design specifications of the vision system and the camera capture devices are also presented in this paper.

354    M.Y. Ibrahim, J. Wang, "Mechatronics applications to fish sorting Part 2: Control and sorting mechanism ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1984 - 1989 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper describes the research conducted at Monash University (Australia) to design a new mechatronics fish sorting system. The system consisted of a vision system for fish size identification and control and a sorting mechanism. This paper focuses on the control and sorting mechanism. The conceptual design and implementation of the mechatronics sorting system is discussed. Also the new design of the fish sorting flap is explained. Also, an illustration of the integrated mechatronics design approach is presented. The paper also describes the overall structure of the sorting system and the control methodology. Lessons learned are summarised in the conclusions.

355    Gwangho Kim, Taeho Kim, Sanghwa Jeong, "A study on thermal characteristics according to thermal contact resistance in hot plate welding process ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1990 - 1995 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: When a washing machine is rotating with the laundry in it, it tends to lean to one side. This tendency causes a serious vibration. The balance of a washing machine plays an important role in order to reduce the vibration by injecting the sand or the salt water into the balance of washing machine. The hot plate welder is used to prevent the contents from outflowing. The thermal characteristics of the hot plate and the balance have to be considered for reducing the defects in plastic welding. The hot plate welder brings about many problems that may lead to an accident. The workers are protected by the loading/unloading system for the washing machine balance in the hot plate welder. This system requires direction recognition and location information of the balance. In this paper, thermal analysis of the hot plate welder for the washing machine balance is performed. The heat source of the hot plate welder plays a really important role in welding the washing machine balance. The temperature distribution of the hot plate and that of the washing machine balance are obtained by finite element analysis. The temperature of the hot plate is measured by the infrared temperature sensor in order to find the thermal contact resistance. The thermal strain of the plastic balance is predicted by thermal-structural coupled analysis.

356    Joon-Woo Lee, Jeong-Jung Kim, Ju-Jang Lee, "Improved Ant Colony Optimization algorithm by path crossover for optimal path planning ," ISIE 2009, pp. 1996 - 2000 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, an improved Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) algorithm is proposed to solve path planning problems. These problems are to find a collision-free and optimal path from a start point to a goal point in environment of known obstacles. There are many ACO algorithms for path planning. However, it take a lot of time to get the solution and it is not to easy to obtain the optimal path every time. It is also difficult to apply to the complex and big size maps. Therefore, we study to solve these problems using the ACO algorithm improved by the path crossover scheme. The path crossover scheme is two-point crossover paths found by ants. The best path is stored and is compared with new path every time. The path crossover scheme is used at this time. When the two parts compared and exchanged, the better part updates the best path. We also propose that the pheromone update rule is modified as compared with previous our paper.

357    C. Benboujema, A. Schellmanns, L. Ventura, T. Lequeu, "Improvement of a bidirectional field effect transistor (FET) switch with less loss ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2001 - 2005 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, we suggest a new behaviour for a MOSFET bidirectional switch for AC main application. We use two transistors of high voltage power MOSFET new technology based on the CoolMOS, one to control the forward current, and the second one to short-circuit the complementary diode, thus, for the first time, significantly decrease its power dissipation. For that, we must improve the power transistor's with the low switching losses (RDS(on)).

358    E.J. William, V. Gupta, M. Huff, O. Linda, J. Nance, H. Hess, M. Manic, F. Rufus, "A comparative study of Lithium Poly-Carbon Monoflouride (Li/CFx) and Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) battery chemistries for State of Charge Indicator design ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2001 - 2005 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper determines if Li/CFx or LiFePO4 is beneficial for State of Charge Indicator (SOCI) design for military applications. This is achieved by analyzing and comparing data from the battery chemistry of Lithium Poly-Carbon Monoflouride (Li/CFx) and Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4). The chemistry of Li/CFx and LiFePO4 have different discharge responses based on environmental conditions that can affect how a SOCI responds.

359    J.M. Alonso, M.S. Perdigao, J. Ribas, D. Gacio, E.S. Saraiva, "A digitally-controlled universal ballast based on magnetic regulator and PSoC device ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2010 - 2015 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper a digitally controlled electronic ballast is presented. The ballast corresponds to the so-called universal ballasts, which are intended to operate different lamps with different power ratings without performing any change in the hardware. Thus, the ballast must incorporate some kind of circuitry so that the rated power of the connected lamp can be identified. The ballast must also adjust some of its parameters in order to supply the lamp adequately, which means: (i) as closer as possible to the nominal power and (ii) with the best efficiency. In the proposed ballast, the parameters selected to adapt the power circuit to each lamp are the switching frequency and the resonant tank inductance. The resonant tank inductance is varied by means of a magnetic regulator whose inductance can be adjusted through a dc bias current. The PSoC technology from Cypress is used to implement the control stage. Besides a microprocessor, this technology integrates in a single chip both analog and digital modules that can be programmed, thus reducing the external component count to a minimum. Experimental results from a laboratory prototype for lamp powers ranging from 15 W to 58 W are provided.

360    B. Bernoux, R. Escoffier, P. Jalbaud, J.-M. Reynes, E. Scheid, J.-M. Dorkel, "Power MOSFET RDSon under repetitive avalanche cycling ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2016 - 2019 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, a low voltage vertical power MOSFET is submitted to repetitive avalanche cycles under very high current (>400A) at high temperature (>150degC). Electrical characteristics such as BVDSS, IGSS, IDSS, VF, VGSth and RDSon are systematically tested along cycling. After a large number of avalanche pulses well above products requirements measurements show that RDSon decreases with the number of avalanche cycles whereas other parameters stay constant. With a simple model of RDSon measurement and new measurements such as the resistance of the metallization between two bonding wires we can connect this unexpected drop of RDSon measurement to MOSFET source electrode evolution.

361    P. Solomala, A. Castellazzi, M. Mermet-Guyennet, M. Johnson, "New technology and tool for enhanced packaging of semiconductor power devices ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2020 - 2025 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a novel interconnect technology and packaging solution for silicon power devices, along with the virtual prototyping tool created to develop the concept and optimize it in terms of reliability. The technology is based on the use of bumps (i.e., conductive spheres or cylinders) to connect the surface of vertical power components and is characterized, in comparison with standard bond-wire technology, by reduced stray inductance (i.e., better performance), higher integration levels (i.e., higher power density) and double-sided chip cooling capability (i.e., improved efficiency), key aspects in power electronics technology evolution. The tool exemplifies an innovative methodology for using multi-domain multi-level abstraction simulation as the principal instrument of iterative design and optimization, enabler for competitive development of novel power technologies.

362    Jie Kong, Jianyang Lian, Zhiling Qiu, Guozhu Chen, "High digitalized resolution and low switching loss for high power electronics converters based on multi-sampling technology ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2032 - 2036 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Digital control has been widely used in power electronics and its sampling rate is important to the control precision. Generally, faster the sampling rate is, closer the digital control is to that of its analog/original antetype. However, in most power electronics system, the sampling rate is commonly once or twice of the PWM switching frequency, which is vital for switching losses. This coupled relationship may result in conflict between high digitalized resolution and high efficiency, especially for high power applications. Multi-sampling technology is to sample the signal many times in one PWM period. Therefore, it doesn't need to increase the switching speed proportionally while fastening the sampling rate. This paper adopts the multi-sampling in an active power filter (APF) application. A logic method to deal with the problem during implementation due to the nature of digital controller is first proposed. Principle and implementation of this technology is discussed in detail. Analysis and experiment results show that the high compensation performance and low switching loss can be both achieved using the multisampling method.

363    M. Nasiri, M. Pishvaei, G.B. Gharehpetian, "Parallel active filter controlling based on instantaneous compensation of reactive power ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2037 - 2041 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Extracting the current reference signal is the heart of a parallel active filter. Regard to time and frequency domain, different methods are presented for it. Pq theory in time and RDFT in frequency domain are two well known of them. This paper proposes a new algorithm by composing these methods and verifies its capability in compensation of harmonics, reactive power and negative sequence of load current even under some non-ideal situations of source, like distortion and unsymmetrical magnitudes of three phase voltages. It is revealed that the algorithm makes filter operation more stable in the case of source voltage deviations in comparison with pq method.

364    S.M. Shariatmadar, J. Nazarzadeh, V. Amir, "Chaos improvement in AC variable active passive reactance systems with OGY method ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2042 - 2046 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Variable active passive reactance (VAPAR) is nonlinear time varying system which can generate virtual variable inductance including negative values in power circuits. AC source of VAPAR causes sinusoidal states in circuit then the circuit has not one fixed point in source period. And modified Poincare map must be used for modeling of these systems. The OGY method is used for controlling of chaos. The OGY moves characteristic multipliers to stable manifolds and characteristic multipliers in modified Poincare map are moved to stable locations. In the physical system, chaotic behaviors of the system are reduced. The fixed point on each period is calculated by averaging theory.

365    Yung Ting, G. Hariyanto, Bing Kuan Hou, S. Ricky, S. Amelia, Chi-Kai Wang, "Investigation of energy harvest and storage by using curve-shape piezoelectric unimorph ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2047 - 2052 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A curve-shape piezoelectric unimorph is used for energy harvest. Deformation of the unimorph will gain electricity via piezoelectric direct effect. In this study, a cantilever unimorph encountered with external force at various vibration frequencies to generate electricity and save into a storage circuitry is investigated. Modeling of the unimorph and storage circuitry is derived. The analytical computation and experimental result are in a good agreement. Both outcomes verify that vibration frequency nearer the resonant frequency will gain more energy and the load resistance of a RC storage circuitry matching the equivalent impedance of piezoelectric ceramics will gain maximum storage energy. Efficiency of electromechanical conversion and energy storage is examined. As compared to other previous works using piezoelectric ceramics, the curve shape unimorph performs better. In experiment, for instance, by using a load resistor of 3 kOmega ideally equal to the impedance of ceramics and an arbitrarily chosen capacitor of 470 muF at vibration frequency of 135.59 Hz for 25 seconds, electric power of 48 mW is obtained and electromechanical efficiency of about 18.49% is achieved.

366    P. Gil, A. Cardoso, L. Palma, "Estimating the number of hidden neurons in recurrent neural networks for nonlinear system identification ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2053 - 2058 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The problem of complexity is here addressed by defining an upper bound for the number of the hidden layer's neurons. This majorant is evaluated by applying a singular value decomposition to the contaminated oblique subspace projection of the row space of future outputs into the past inputs-outputs row space, along the future inputs row space. Full rank projections are dealt with by i) computing the number of dominant singular values, on the basis of a threshold related to the Euclidean norm of an artificial error matrix and ii) finding the argument of minimizing the singular value criterion. Results on a benchmark three-tank system demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology.

367    E.J. Serrano, "Avoidance of temporary forbidden states using a traffic controller modeled with Controlled Petri nets ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2059 - 2064 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents a traffic controller modeled with Controlled state machine Petri nets to avoid temporary forbidden states. From the introduction of the forbidden states avoidance problem, forbidden states have been treated as a finite set of places with a specific marking. We divide the set of forbidden states in two, and introduce a new class with a temporary existence to represent more faithfully the behavior of some systems; the set of temporary forbidden states changes with the time, increasing and decreasing at a maximum and minimum size. The main problem we tackle is how to construct the traffic controller to restrict the behavior of the plant and avoid any class of forbidden states. A secondary problem is to reduce the size of the vectors of admissible control by using a smaller number of control places. At the end we present the model of the traffic controller and the simulation results.

368    Lim Eng Aik, Zarita Zainuddin, "A kernelized Probabilistic Neural Network approach for counting pedestrians ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2065 - 2068 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: An improved, intelligent pedestrian counting system, using images obtained from a single video camera, is described in this paper. This system is capable of detecting and counting a group of pedestrians in the region of interest. Groups can be extracted by using the image processing method, and a kernel-induced probabilistic neural network (KPNN) employed to perform the classification, and estimate the number of pedestrians in a group. We validated the pedestrian-counting system on a pedestrian dataset, and this analysis indicates that the proposed KPNN-type classifier provides good results.

369    Wen-Ren Yang, "Short-Time Discrete Wavelet Transform for wafer microcrack detection ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2069 - 2074 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents design and proof-of-principle experiments for a real-time in-line wafer microcrack detection system. The line-scanning method is chosen because entire wafer can be inspected without image processing technology. Short-Time Discrete Wavelet Transform (STDWT) is developed in order to determine reflective characteristics of microcrack, and smaller computation complexity in order to shorten system resolving time.

370    V. Aeinfar, H. Mazdarani, F. Deregeh, M. Hayati, M. Payandeh, "Multilayer Perceptron Neural Network with supervised training method for diagnosis and predicting blood disorder and cancer ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2075 - 2080 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper represents a novel use of artificial neural networks in medical science. The proposed technique involves training an MLP with BP learning algorithm to recognize the pattern of diagnosing and predicting five blood disorders, through the results of blood tests. The blood test parameters and diagnosis of physician about the diseases for 450 cases of patients from Taleghani hospital in Kermanshah, Iran, are used in the supervised training method to update the network parameters. This method was implemented to diagnose these disorder and cancer: Megaloblastic Anaemia, Thalassemia, Idiopathic thrombocytopenic pupura (ITP), chronic myelogenous leukemia and Lymphoproliferative.

371    N. Shafiabady, M. Teshnehlab, M. Aliyari Shooredeh, "A comparison of PSO and GA combined with LS and RLS in identification using fuzzy gaussian neural networks ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2081 - 2086 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this article, a new method for training the parameters is discussed and we have compared the function of particle swarm optimization with genetic algorithm in training the standard deviation and centers in the antecedent part of fuzzy Gaussian neural network. We have applied least square and recursive least square in training the weights of this fuzzy neural network in the conclusion part. There are four sets of data used to examine the proposed learning strategy to achieve the proper learning mode.

372    T. Goya, E. Omine, T. Senjyu, M. Tokudome, A. Yona, N. Urasaki, T. Funabashi, Chul-Hwan Kim, "Torsional torque suppression of decentralized generators using H observer ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2081 - 2086 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The output power fluctuation of renewable energy power plants such as wind turbine generator and photovoltaic system result in frequency deviation and terminal voltage fluctuation. Furthermore, these power fluctuations also affect the turbine shafting of diesel generator and gas-turbine generators which are the main power generation systems in isolated islands. This paper presents a control strategy that achieves torsional torque suppression and power system stabilization. Since the measurement of the torsional torque is difficult technically, and there is uncertainty in mechanical constants of the shaft torsional system, the torsional torque is estimated by using developed Hinfin. The simulation results validate the effectiveness of the proposed control system.

373    Yang Wei, Yang Shiyan, Zhao Yufeng, "High power current pulse power supply for Micro-arc Oxidation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2093 - 2096 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents the design and construction of a current pulse power supply used for Micro-arc Oxidation (MAO), which is a novel technology capable of depositing ceramic coatings on the surface of valve metal and their alloys. The load of MAO changes acutely during oxidation process and the load transfers from capacitive characteristic to resistant characteristic. So the current pulse power supply is more suitable for MAO than the voltage pulse power supply, which is commercially available. A double switch flyback converter is incorporated into the current pulse power supply because it is capable of outputting the current pulse with a steep front edge by using the coupling inductance and energy can flow back to the power system through energy feedback channel. The control system of the current pulse power supply uses peak current control to regulate pulse energy and ensure that the energy of each pulse is uniform even though input voltage fluctuates. Frequency auto-adjustment control is used to maintain the power supply works in Critical-DCM or DCM mode to satisfy the load demand. A prototype with a peak electrical power up to 2MW, which is made up of ten units, has been constructed and tested. The pulses have a repetition rate up to 4 kHz. The experimental results show that the current pulse power supply improves efficiency of energy.

374    A. Hasanzadeh, S.M.R. Sadriyeh, A. Mohammadi, B. Maghsoudlou, H. Mokhtari, H.R. Alizadeh, S.M. Shams Mousavi, "A high power high voltage short pulse width pulse generator using direct drive method in application of modulating-cathode tubes drive ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2097 - 2102 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The power supply of microwave tubes has high voltage and the possibility of produce high power pulse, which called in modulator. In this work, the results of design, construction and characterization of a direct drive pulse modulator for driving high power short pulse-width magnetron are reported. The sub-assemblies of modulator are; a primary high voltage supply, a switch bank with drivers and snubber circuits, a filament circuit, a digital control circuit with sensors and finally a pulse transformer. This paper is concerned with introduction and presentation of experimental evaluation of a new drive method for high power high voltage modulating-cathode microwave tubes.

375    Chaohui Zhao, "The research of radial structure HESM of magnetic shunting type ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2103 - 2108 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: To overcome the voltage regulation difficulty of permanent-magnet synchronous machine (PMSM), a hybrid excitation synchronous machine (HESM) with the radial structure of magnetic shunting type was designed. The magnetic shunting was exploited to adjust the air-gap magnetic field of the HESM by adjusting excitation current. The paper describes the machine's structure and principle. The concepts of the magnetic shunting point, the magnetic non-shunting point and the load balanced point were discussed. The air gap flux at magnetic shunting point and the magnetic non-shunting point were precise analyzed. The two-dimensional finite-element method (FEM) was exploited to count the positions of magnetic shunting point, the magnetic non-shunting point and the load balanced point. The theoretical analysis and experimental results show that the air gap flux of machine is lowest at magnetic shunting point and the air gap flux of machine is biggest at magnetic non-shunting point. The output voltage of machine can be kept constant by adjusting the excitation current when the power factor and the load changes.

376    T. Goya, E. Omine, T. Senjyu, M. Tokudome, A. Yona, N. Urasaki, T. Funabashi, Chul-Hwan Kim, "Torsional torque suppression of decentralized generators using LQR obsever with parameter identification ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2103 - 2108 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The output power fluctuation of renewable energy power plants such as wind turbine generator and photovoltaic system result in frequency deviation and terminal voltage fluctuation. Furthermore, these power fluctuations also affect the turbine shafting of diesel generator and gas-turbine generators which are the main power generation systems in isolated islands. This paper presents a control strategy that achieves torsional torque suppression and power system stabilization. Since the measurement of torsional torque is difficult technically, and there is uncertainty in mechanical constants of the shaft torsional system, the torsional torque is estimated by using LQR observer with parameter identification system. The simulation results validate the effectiveness of the proposed control system.

377    Seo Sang-Wook, Yang Hyun-Chang, Sim Kwee-Bo, "Object tracking algorithm of swarm robot system for using polygon based Q-learning and cascade SVM ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2115 - 2120 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: With the development of techniques, robots are getting smaller, and the number of robots needed for application is greater and greater. How to coordinate large number of autonomous robots through local interactions has becoming an important research issue in robot community. In swarm robot systems, each robot must behaves by itself according to the its states and environments, and if necessary, must cooperates with other robots in order to carry out a given task. Therefore it is essential that each robot has both learning and evolution ability to adapt the dynamic environments. In this paper, reinforcement learning method with cascade Support Vector Machine based on structural risk minimization and distributed genetic algorithms is proposed for behavior learning and evolution of collective autonomous mobile robots. By distributed genetic algorithm exchanging the chromosome acquired under different environments by communication each robot can improve its behavior ability. Specially, in order to improve the performance of evolution, selective crossover using the characteristic of reinforcement learning that basis of cascade Support Vector Machine is adopted in this paper.

378    Quang Hieu Ngo, Keum-Shik Hong, "Adaptive boundary control of an axially moving string system: Application to container cranes ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2121 - 2125 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: An axially moving system of a string with time-varying length and a mass attached at the lower end is considered to be a fundamental model of a container crane in a dockside. The objective of this paper is to move a load hanging under a very long rope from one place to another and suppressing the transverse vibrations of the load at the end of movement by adaptive control. The Lyapunov function taking the form of the total mechanical energy of the system is adopted to ensure the uniform stability of the closed loop system. Through experiments, the effectiveness of the proposed control law is demonstrated.

379    Jeong-Yon Shim, "Conceptual distance based Self Organizing knowledge network for optimal decision making process ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2126 - 2130 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: As one of the researches adopting human brain functions, knowledge reconfiguring strategy was investigated and proposed for developing more efficient decision making system. In this paper, dasiaConceptual Distancepsila was defined as a logical distance which is determined by several fundamental factors and importance weight and Self Organizing knowledge network System and its reconfiguring strategy was designed. The proposed system was applied to the geography information model and experimented.

380    Boe-Shong Hong, Tsu-Yu Lin, Wen-Jui Su, "Electric bikes energy management-game-theoretic synthesis and implementation ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2131 - 2136 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Specially for electric bikes, this work develops LPV Hinfin-game synthesis to regulate the trade-off between energy consumption per distance and propulsion capability in transience. Programmed into the embedded controller, the synthesized regulator functions as the transmission in transient state, which is analog to the gear transmission in steady state. Computer simulations and road tests are provided to verify the proposed synthesis and implementation of such a new transmission technology.

381    Daogang Peng, Hao Zhang, Jiannian Weng, Hui Li, Fei Xia, "Design and development of Modbus/RTU master monitoring system based on embedded PowerPC platform ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2148 - 2152 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Modbus protocol is widely used in the industrial control field because of its excellent reliability, flexibility, real-time performance etc. It becomes one of the international actuality industrial standards and including lots of industrial equipments using Modbus as their communication protocol such as PLC, DCS, intelligent instruments etc. Embedded system focus on applications, and it can adapt to the strict requirements of functions, reliability, cost, size, power consumption, and so on. PowerPC series processor of Freescale semiconductor CO., LTD is an ideal platform of RISC embedded applications, which has powerful communication ability, system stability and disturb rejection ability. Based on the MPC8248 embedded processor of Freescale, a data acquisition and monitoring platform using Modbus/RTU master protocol based on embedded PowerPC and embedded Linux operating system is designed in this paper, which can realize the functions in industrial fields such as data acquisition, remote monitoring and network communication etc.

382    Young-Eun Song, Chi-Yen Kim, Min-Cheol Lee, "Sliding mode control with sliding perturbation observer for surgical robots ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2153 - 2158 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) robot is made like a long cylinder with small diameter that can fit through a small incision thus decreasing the amount of healthy tissue damaged. Because of the shape of the surgical robot, the cable-driven mechanism is using to the robot. However this is a highly nonlinear system so the performance of the system is not so good. This paper applied a robust motion control algorithm. The algorithm uses partial state feedback for a class of nonlinear systems with modeling uncertainties and external disturbances. The major contribution is the design of a robust observer for the state and the perturbation of the instrument of the surgical robot, which is combined with a variable structure controller (VSC). The combination of controller and observer provides the robust routine called sliding mode control with sliding perturbation observer (SMCSPO). The control performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated by the simulation and experiment to apply to a two-degree-of-freedom (DOF) robot arm. The results showed high accuracy and good performance.

383    Gwangho Kim, Hojin Seo, Sungbeen Im, Dongwan Kang, Sanghwa Jeong, "A study on simulator of human-robot cooperative manipulator for dental implant surgery ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2159 - 2164 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Implant surgery is generally accepted as the good technique to replace the teeth completely. Development of CT(computerized tomography) and 3D visualization technique help to make the treatment plan and the surgical navigation assists the dentist during the intra-operative procedure. Although the navigation technique facilitates the positioning, the image guided adjustment of the angle cannot be attained easily in the dental surgery. In the paper, design and simulation of assist-manipulator for implant surgery are studied. Angulation device performs a task by cooperative manipulation. The force-torque sensor is attached to the tool and specifically designed for surgeons input. Data acquisition board, LabVIEW software and ATI force-torque sensor are used for smooth and accurate sensing. The double parallelogram mechanism can provide a fixed entry point during the surgery, enhance the safety and quality, and give facilities for surgeons. The 3D visualization program of manipulator is developed by LabVIEW.

384    Kyutae Oh, "Performance increment of smooth handoff using gateway FA at ad.hoc network ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2165 - 2168 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This study researched on performance increment using gateway FA to reduce delay factor of smooth handoff to the maximum level in mobile IP supporting mobility of IP address in PDA and laptop. In this study analyses of transmission delay and throughput on the performance of previous methods were carried out using NS-2 and performance of all FA buffer and gateway FA also was measured to identify the performance increment level compared to the previous methods. The result showed that GFA, which performs gateway function, had binding reduction effect at over 25 sec. of handoff interval.

385    Z. Hocenski, I. Aleksi, R. Mijakovic, "Ceramic tiles failure detection based on FPGA image processing ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2169 - 2174 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper presents one method about automation of tile surface and texture diagnosis. Final stage of tile manufacturing deals with surface and edge defects detection, and is still not an automated part of production. We used computer visual diagnosis and FPGA-based embedded hardware digital design to classify tiles according to surface and edge defects. In order to reduce computing time, we used tile images from line camera and the FPGA embedded parallel image processing unit designed with VHDL.

386    S.B. Kang, J.H. Lee, K.Y. Song, H.J. Pahk, "Automatic defect classification of TFT-LCD panels using machine learning ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2175 - 2177 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Defect classification in the liquid crystal display (LCD) manufacturing process is one of the most crucial issues for quality control. To resolve this constraint, an automatic defect classification (ADC) method based on machine learning is proposed. Key features of LCD micro-defects are defined and extracted, and support vector machine is used for classification. The classification performance is presented through several experimental results.

387    A. Bevilacqua, A. Gherardi, L. Carozza, "An industrial vision-based technology system for the automatic test of vehicle beams ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2178 - 2183 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper we describe the first industrial prototype to characterize automatically the headlamp beam properties using computer vision. The European commission for transportation provides strict regulations that have to be fulfilled as far as headlamp orientations, luminous and geometrical beam properties are concerned. To test the headlamps, the test system has to be properly aligned to the vehicle in order that the measures achieved on brightness and geometrical beam profile can be reliable. The system we present is composed of two integral subsystems. The first consists of a fixed stereo vision system capable of estimating automatically, in real time and with a very high accuracy, the longitudinal axis of the vehicle while it is approaching the stereo rig. The outcome is used to accurately align the second subsystem with respect to the vehicle. This subsystem is composed of a classic optical projection system endowed with a CCD camera used to perform automatically radiometric and geometric assessments of the beam projected by the headlamps. Experiments carried out for both the subsystems prove how the high accuracy achieved by our method makes the prototype compliant with current regulations. It is worth remarking that the technology employed is low cost, thus making our approach suitable for commercial headlight tester.

388    Hsiung-Cheng Lin, Liang-Tsung Huang, Lien-Fu Lai, Yin-Fan Chi, "A remote automated system for a case study of dissolved oxygen monitoring and control ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2184 - 2189 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The dissolved oxygen is one of important factors to evaluate the quality of water. Currently, various aeration and oxygenation devices have been developed for increasing its oxygen concentrations in water. However, the operations of those devices usually depend on the human operation with experience. In this study, we have developed a PC-based virtual instrument (VI) system using LabVIEW, which can monitor and control the dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration automatically. Via the Internet, a nearby PC (server) of the system can collect real-time DO data from different multi-locations and transmit it to another remote PC (client) for online analysis, monitoring and control. The DO history from remote locations can be also recorded and tracked in the data base. Further, the proposed system has been successfully tested using the model aquafarm, showing an effective and reliable performance. The experimental results showed that the proposed system is capable of reducing the business costs in term of automation mechanism, high efficiency and low electricity consumption.

389    Won Ko, Chan Ham, Junhee Hong, Jung-In Choi, "Dynamics and controls of a Maglev vehicle ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2190 - 2195 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, the dynamics of a LLNL Maglev system, Inductrack were investigated. The dynamics of magnetically levitated vehicles are complex and inherently unstable. An optimized damping and LQR control were designed and verified through the reference system, Inductrack.

390    Hou-Sheng Huang, "Efficient hybrid distributed genetic algorithms for wind turbine positioning in large wind farms ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2196 - 2201 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: An efficient hybrid distributed genetic algorithm is proposed to determine the proper number and locations of wind turbines in large wind farms. The objective of this optimal process is to find a solution that maximizes the annual profit obtained from a wind farm. It is well-known that genetic algorithms are good for global searches, but are weak for local searches. To improve the performance of finding the optimal solution in a large search space, the hybrid methodology combines a distributed genetic algorithm and steepest ascent hill-climbing local search algorithms. The hill-climbing algorithm provides a powerful strategy for searching the local optimal solution by exploring the neighborhood of the current state. In this paper, the hill-climbing algorithm is further enhanced by a heuristic method to reduce the execution time for finding the optimal value. Test results show that this proposed hybrid distributed genetic algorithm adequately demonstrates its effectiveness in solution quality and execution time.

391    Chi-Kai Wang, Yung Ting, Yi-Hung Liu, G. Hariyanto, "A novel approach to generate artificial outliers for support vector data description ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2202 - 2207 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, we propose a novel approach to generate artificial outliers for support vector data description with boundary value method. In SVDD, the width parameter S and the penalty parameter C influence the learning results. The N-fold M times cross-validation is well-known and popular scheme to calculate the best (C, S) values. To automatically optimize the identification rate, we need more outliers. Due to this reason, we utilize boundary value in any two dimensions randomly to generalize new outliers. At the last, we use three benchmark data sets: iris, wine, and balance-scale data base to validate the approach in this research has better classification result and faster performance.

392    S.M. Mitani, M.S. Alias, M.R. Yahya, A.F.A. Mat, "Temperature effect on gain and threshold current of GaInNAs-based 1.3 µm semiconductor laser ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2208 - 2211 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: We report the design, growth and characterization of GaInNAs/GaAs semiconductor laser operating at 1.3 mum. GaInNAs permits the realization of a long-wavelength vertical-cavity laser grown directly on a GaAs substrate. The gain properties and threshold current of GaInNAs/GaAs quantum well structures at various temperatures are numerically investigated. The results measurements show that the GaInNAs/GaAs has a lower transparency carrier density compared to the conventional InGaAsP/InP quantum well structures for 1.3 mum semiconductor laser. The material gain at various temperatures and radiative current density as a function of quantum well and barrier are determined.

393    Yuqing Chen, Binchun Liu, "Research on radius compensation and hand-eye calibration of touch probes ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2212 - 2215 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper investigates the radius compensation and calibration problem of a spherically tipped touch probe in armed robot inspection system. Different from traditional imaged based approach, some issues concerning with the selecting method of the probes are first described, then the probe sphere radius compensation methods are divided into single point compensation and offset surface compensation, and the hand-eye calibration is derived as constrained optimization problem. Experiment results demonstrated the validity and effectiveness of the proposed method.

394    F.H. Hashim, M. Othman, M. Ismail, "A random matrix spreading code generator for WCDMA rake receiver ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2216 - 2218 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This paper describes a proposed spreading method to improve the bit error rate (BER) and user capacity in WCDMA system. The method is applied to the system up-link. The spreading process includes a new proposed random matrix constructed using the Walsh code generator, called randmat spreading code generator. Conventionally, the selection of the Walsh seed is highly dependable on the spreading factor (SF) of the system. This spreading factor has to be in the power of 2. However, by carefully selecting a variable n, to result in SF-n for the input seed to the Walsh code, our simulation results show that the BER can improve dramatically. The proposed multi-level modulation method could also increase the data rate and user capacity of the WCDMA system. To test the functionality of our proposed spreading method, we use a simulation model using MATLAB that is close to the behavior of a mobile station as specified in the WCDMA standards, specifically ETSI TS 125.211 and ETSI TS125.213.

395    Guo Bin, Xu Qifa, "The study of the correlation between science & technology progress and economic growth ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2219 - 2223 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The measures to science and technology progress have been considered all long, and various methods may cause different results. Based on the research of our predecessors, the article put forward Time Varying Parameter model, which settle the dilemma in the process of measuring. Using this model, the author makes empirical study to the correlation between science & technology and economic growth. The empirical result shows that from 1979 to 2003, science and technology progress' contribution attain 52.30%, and there exists preferably coherence. Further more, there is long-run equilibrium relationship and Granger causality relationship between science & technology progress and economic growth, which tell us on the hand the former can promote the latter, on the other hand the latter can also bring out more extensive science & technology progress.

396    A. Bevilacqua, A. Gherardi, L. Carozza, "High accuracy estimation of vehicle trajectory using a real time stereo tracking system ," ISIE 2009, pp. 2230 - 2235 , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper, we present the automatic real time stereo tracking algorithm we devised to derive the 3D orientation of the longitudinal axis of a vehicle by recovering its trajectory during a motion sequence. An accurate identification of vehicle's longitudinal axis is required in automotive applications where measurements achieved by testing apparatus must be in compliance with regulations. Usually, these systems are made of ensembles of sensors or are invasive, needing fiducial markers placed on the vehicle being tracked. Our method is fully automatic, non invasive and employs common CCD technology to recover 3D vehicle axis information by exploiting patterns natively present on vehicles. The experiments carried out using different orientation angles show an extremely high accuracy that is even compliant with regulations. Accordingly, we can state that this is the first fully automatic system that uses stereo technology to achieve in real time such an accuracy regarding vehicle's 3D orientation without exploiting any prior model.

397    Oussama Khatib, "Human-friendly robotics ," ISIE 2009, pp. iv , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Robotics is rapidly expanding into the human environment and vigorously engaged in its new emerging challenges. Interacting, exploring, and working with humans, the new generation of robots will increasingly touch people and their lives. The successful introduction of robots in human environments will rely on the development of competent and practical systems that are dependable, safe, and easy to use. This presentation focuses on our ongoing effort to develop human-friendly robotic systems that combine the essential characteristics of safety, human-compatibility, and performance. In human-friendly robot design, our effort has focused on new design concepts for the development of intrinsically safe robotic systems that possess the requisite capabilities and performance to interact and work with humans.

398    Nam Pyo Suh, "Innovation ," ISIE 2009, pp. v , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Historically, “innovation” has shaped the history of mankind. Beginning with the Watt steam engine that changed the world by initiating the Industrial Revolution in the late 18th century, a series of innovations has promoted economic growth and improved the quality of life. In the 21st century, the rate of innovation is likely to accelerate in many diverse fields. At KAIST, we believe that the most important innovations are those related to EEWS (energy, environment, water, and sustainability). We also believe that for innovation to occur, we must be mindful of the three laws of innovation that are based on three important concepts related to “innovation continuum”, “nucleation of innovation”, and “the relative rate between innovation and diffusion of innovative ideas and people”.

399    Istvan Nagy, "Inherent nonlinearities and their impacts in power electronics and electric drives ," ISIE 2009, pp. vi , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract:

400    Xinghuo Yu, "Knowledge based Industrial Decision Support systems and applications ," ISIE 2009, pp. ix , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The increasing complexity of industrial systems and the competitive marketplace require and innovative way to improve efficiency, quality and performance. There is a rapidly growing demand for smart Industrial Decision Support (IDS) systems in industry.

401    Balan Pillai, "MEMS to the healthcare technology with robots inserts - A methodological approach ," ISIE 2009, pp. ix - x , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: The MEMS (microelectromechanical systems) technology; has been scaled down to submicron dimensions, and has been integrated with nanometer-scale tips; and deep submicron moving transistors. Integrated nanostructure mechanisms add a new dimension to mesoscopic physics, microinstruments, microsensors, and microactuators. The fabrication and operation of movable, integrated nanostructure mechanisms that produce nm-scale, precision motion are examined. Self-supporting, movable using single-crystal silicon springs and electric-field drive structures with integrated, movable field emission and tunneling tips are possible. Movable mechanical structures with cross-sectional dimensions of 150 nm×1000 nm have been fabricated using single-crystal silicon. The nanofabrication process includes high-resolution e-beam and optical lithographies, anisotropic reactive ion etching, and selective oxidation of silicon. Large, dense arrays of 10–20-nm-diameter tips for field emission electron microscopes or scanned-probe applications have been fabricated using these processes.

402    Jeong Yon Shim, "Bayesian thinking propagation in emotional base structured system with brain sensory ," ISIE 2009, pp. xi , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: It is known that Brain is the final product which has been evolved for several million years adapting its system to the dynamic complex environment. It has not only a most optimal system suitable for surviving in a dangerous situation but also a most efficient information processing system. The brain receives the information selectively from the real world according to the preference, reconfigures the information and visualizes the virtual world. In this process, it is thought that brain sensory is monitoring the activities occurred inside the brain. With special structure for operating, it is supposed that it perform memory acquisition, retention and retrieval process. Investigating such brain functions, we can find the clues for solving the difficult problems in dynamic complex information food caused by the dramatically developing computer technologies.

403    Jun-Kyo Francis Suh, "Bionics as a new rehabilitation technology for the next generation ," ISIE 2009, pp. xii , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Bionics has recently emerged as a new rehabilitation technology for the next generation. Thanks to the advances in neural engineering and bio-MEMS technologies, it has evolved from a Hollywood sci-fi feature to a real bio-engineering field. One of the main issues in bionics is to build a reliable chronic connection between the human neural system and an external electromechanical control or driving unit. The outcomes of this research effort will be applicable to improve the brain-computer interface (BCI) as well as to the development of new rehabilitation technologies. The present lecture will introduce the bionics, a new multidisciplinary bioengineering field, and will also discuss aforementioned technical issues in establishing a reliable chronic connection of man-machine interface.

404    M. Sugisaka, "An approach for soft humanoid robot with artificial muscles ," ISIE 2009, pp. xiii - xviii , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In this paper an approach how to construct and control a soft humanoid robot with artificial muscle is presented. The control methods to control air muscles of upper and lower limbs of the soft humanoid robot with artificial muscles developed at Artificial Life and Robotics Laboratory at ALife Robotics Corporation Ltd., Japan, are proposed. The number of total artificial muscles for lower limb is 22 where 11 artificial muscles are arranged in each leg. Also the number of total artificial muscles for upper limb( one arm) is 12 where 6 artificial muscles are arranged in each arm. Using a simple proportional control law, the action controls from stand up position to sit down position on a chair and from the sit down position on the chair to the stand up position have been achieved by controlling 24 artificial muscles of lower limes of the robot simultaneously. Also, the action controls for various movements have been achieved by controlling 6 artificial muscles of upper limb(arm) of the robot simultaneously. By combing the upper limb to lower limb, a complete soft humanoid robot with artificial muscles will be constructed. Also, a consideration how to construct other actions such as walking, etc. for the soft humanoid robot is given briefly. This paper gives an idea for constructing different type of soft humanoid robots with artificial muscles in future.

405    M.K. Habib, "Real time monitoring and avoidance using FG based 3D vision system ," ISIE 2009, pp. xix - xxiii , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: A smart 3D vision sensor system has been developed. This system uses Fiber grating (FG) based 3D vision sensor. The sensor system encodes the space coarsely by using limited number of geometrically interrelated 2D laser spots generated through two perpendicularly overlaid layers of FGs and projected on a targeted scene. The reflected spots and specially the disturbed due to the presence of an object or a person play an essential role in detecting targets. The author developed zone-based strategy to enable person detection within any of the zones, track the transitional movement between zones and use inter-zones relation to conclude human behavioral status. This approach has the advantage of reducing significantly the computation time of 3D information that is required for real time tracking and monitoring of human movement. The system has been implemented and this paper presents its operational characteristics. The developed tracking strategy is introduced with its application to monitor the behavior of a person and to help a mobile robot to detect obstacles.

406    Chris Mi, "Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles - Power electronics, battery management, control, optimization, and V2G ," ISIE 2009, pp. liii , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) involve the use of larger battery packs and larger electric drivetrain components than regular HEVs. The control and management of the vehicular power electronics and energy storage systems are therefore more complicated and more challenging than those in conventional HEVs. This tutorial will explore the different design and control requirements and challenges of PHEV drivetrain components. The tutorial will cover topics such as PHEV topology, control, design, performance optimization, battery management, battery cell balancing, battery life extension, and cold weather performance enhancement. Vehicle to grid (V2G) concepts will be discussed along with the system requirements and impact of PHEV on the power grid. Some OEM and aftermarket PHEVs, such as the Chrysler Aspen PHEV and Prius PHEV will be used as case studies.

407    Mario Pacas, "Sensors for drive systems ," ISIE 2009, pp. liii , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: In the area of drives and motion control sensors are key components and determine the quality of the complete system. Therefore, design engineers should have a thorough knowledge of the properties and characteristics of each sensor type. This tutorial deals with the sensors for current, position and acceleration as they are the most important control components in drive systems. In a systematical way, their principles of working, their properties and limitations as well as the necessary interfaces and signal processing are presented. Accuracy and resolution of the sensors are important issues in the design and are analyzed in the context of the signal processing of each variable. An overview of the state of the art of sensorless (i. e. encoderless) schemes and their advantages and disadvantages with reference to the actual industrial requirements is given. The two main solutions, the fundamental model approach and the signal injection solution are explained and compared.

408    Patrick Wang, "Intelligent pattern recognition and applications on biometrics in interactive learning environment ," ISIE 2009, pp. liii , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: This talk deals with some fundamental aspects of biometrics and its applications. It basically includes the following: Overview of Biometric Technology and Applications, Importance of Security: A Scenario of Terrorists Attack, What are Biometric Technologies? Biometrics: Analysis vs Synthesis, Analysis: Interactive Pattern Recognition Concept, Importance of Measurement and Ambiguity, How it works: Fingerprint Extraction and Matching, Iris, and Facial Analysis, Authentication Applications, Thermal Imaging: Emotion Recognition. Synthesis in biometrics, Modeling and Simulation, and more Examples and Applications of Biomedical Imaging in Interactive Fuzzy Learning Environment. Finally, some future research directions are discussed.

409    Ju-Jang Lee, "Unmanned technology for autonomous ground vehicle ," ISIE 2009, pp. liv , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: - Unified Path Planning Algorithm for UGV in outdoor environments - World Modeling Based on Multiple Sensors - Terrain Recognition Based on Multiple Sensors - Real-time 2D/3D Localization Algorithm for UGV - Real-time Multi-body Dynamics Analysis for Active Control of UGV

410    Anura P. Jayasumana, "Sensor networks - Technologies, protocols and algorithms ," ISIE 2009, pp. liv , 5-8 July 2009.   Abstract Link    Full Text

Abstract: Dense collections of smart sensors, actuators, and processors that self-configure to network and process form the basis the new networking and processing paradigm, sensor networks. This tutorial will review the emerging sensor networking technologies, protocols and applications, and look at practical and theoretical issues in designing, deploying, analyzing and evaluating sensor networks. First half of the tutorial will provide an overview of sensor networks, covering hardware platforms and software support. The second half of the tutorial will delve into algorithms for sensor networks, including those for self-organization, power management, topology control, data routing and transport, clustering and data fusion. Examples will be used to expose the scalability and power constraints in these sensor networks. The topic will be of great interest to ISIE attendees; it deals with a novel technology that the computing community can use to create tomorrow's smart systems. Engineers and scientists from various fields will be able to apply this emerging technology within their own fields to overcome limitations associated with present technologies.